Posts

Worlds of Differences

I’ve always known that Americans hold a pretty different view about the state of the energy sector than elsewhere in the world, but never really knew how to characterize those variances.

Today, I write in gratitude, thanking the efforts of Sonal Patel, senior writer at Power magazine.  Patel developed this helpful visual framework summarizing the recent issuance of the World Energy Issues Monitor, a a global survey undertaken annually by the World Energy Council posing the question “what keeps energy leaders awake at night?”

For each of three regions — North America, Europe and Asia — Patel has drawn circles for each major issue area of potential concern to the energy sector and placed them on a two-dimensional chart, where higher indicates more impact and right represents more certainty.   The size of the circles is proportional to the urgency of an issue.

Perusing Patel’s graphic is an illuminating exercise.  Of note:

Only in North America is the topic of “unconventionals” — meaning producing oil and gas from unconventional sources such as shale and oil sands — viewed as a particularly big deal.  In Europe, unconventionals are somewhat lower on the radar screen, and in Asia barely on the screen at all.

Conversely, energy prices are a critical topic in Europe and Asia, but deemed only of modest importance in North America.

Similarly, energy efficiency is high on the agenda in Europe and Asia, not so much in North America.  Even more starkly, renewables are seen as only a low-impact issue in North America, and a more significant issue elsewhere.

Perhaps because of the high penetration of renewables there, energy storage is of most interest in Europe, but of less interest in North America, and of hardly any interest in Asia.

Nuclear energy is viewed as a high-impact issue in North America, moderate impact in Europe, and (perhaps surprisingly) low-impact in Asia.  So, for that matter, are electric vehicles.

The so-called “hydrogen economy” — involving the use of fuel cells for power generation and transportation — retains a bit of interest in North America (though with low urgency), but has fallen off the map elsewhere.  Carbon capture and storage (CCS) follows somewhat of the same pattern, although Europe does hold it in higher esteem than hydrogen.

True, there are some commonalities to acknowledge:  the smart grid and policies to deal with climate change and energy subsidies are seen in approximately the same light globally.

However,  more than anything else, Patel’s framework shows that leaders in the energy industry live in very different worlds, depending upon which part of the world they live and work in.

Reporting from Omaha

Over the weekend, I attended the annual shareholder’s meeting of Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE:  BRK.A, BRK.B) in Omaha to hear the wit and wisdom of CEO Warren Buffett and Vice Chairman Charlie Munger.  For five hours on Saturday, Buffett and Munger fielded questions from panelists and investors on a wide range of topics.  A good synopsis of the often amusing banter was provided by an ongoing blog operated by the New York Times.

During the marathon Q&A session — quite impressive for a pair of octogenarians to endure — Buffett and Munger thrice touched upon topics of relevance to the cleantech sector.

First, Buffett commented on the excellent performance of Berkshire’s railroad, BNSF, which experienced a very strong first quarter of 2013, with much higher growth in volumes than other U.S. railroads.  Buffett noted that it was very fortunate for Berkshire to have “lots of oil discovered next to BNSF’s tracks”:  BNSF is able to take advantage of the oil boom in western North Dakota associated with the Bakken shale, due to its extensive route network in the area.   A side implication is that BNSF is well-positioned to ship oil imported from Canada, whether or not the Keystone XL pipeline gets built.

Of course, BNSF also has a large exposure to coal hauling.  However, it’s important to recognize that BNSF’s coal business is mainly centered on production from the Powder River Basin, which is both incredibly cheap and low-sulfur.  As such, it remains competitive with low-cost natural gas, and is not being displaced as much from the power generation sector as is coal from Appalachia, so BNSF is unlikely to be as hard-hit by the shale bonanza as other railroads.

Second, an investor asked about the potential effects of the increasing competitiveness of solar energy on the future financial performance of Berkshire’s utility business unit, MidAmerican Energy.  The question was likely prompted by a recent report issued by the Edison Electric Institute raising the concern that solar and other forms of distributed generation may lead to reduced revenues and profitability of grid-based electric utilities as customers source a greater share of their electricity needs from on-site sources.

Buffett and Munger noted that Berkshire was aware of the declining cost of solar energy and correspondingly saw good investment opportunities in the sector, as evidenced by three very large projects acquired by MidAmerican with over $5 billion in capital requirement.  However, they noted that these plants were central-station generation, as opposed to on-site distributed generation.  Moreover, they are located in the deserts of the southwestern U.S., not in MidAmerican’s utility territories.

Extrapolating from Berkshire’s entry into solar — central powerplants in deserts — Munger was particularly skeptical that rooftop solar would pose much of a cannibalization threat anytime soon in MidAmerican’s not-so-sunny locales in the Pacific Northwest, Iowa and the United Kingdom.

Buffett asked MidAmerican’s CEO Bill Fehrman to stand in the audience and comment further.  Fehrman opined that MidAmerican’s relationships with their regulators were sufficiently positive that tariffs would be restructured if/as rooftop solar penetrates their customer base and leads to reduced revenues/profitability associated with the grid services that MidAmerican provides to its regions.

Personally, I agree with these assessments — insofar as MidAmerican’s current portfolio of territories is concerned.  For electric utilities in far sunnier locales, and with regulatory regimes that are generally more populist in their leanings, rooftop solar may sooner pose more of a downside.

Third, another investor asked about the potential impacts of climate change and of climate change policy on Berkshire’s businesses.

Buffett began his response sarcastically by noting the unseasonably warm weather that Omaha was enjoying (which it most definitely wasn’t, as attendees had to prevail against a cold windy rain to enter the auditorium).  After this Fox-worthy cheap-shot, Buffett cautiously offered that — though he certainly wasn’t an expert — he believed that there was a real chance that man-made climate change was occurring, because most of those who really understood the issue and were worried were quite compelling in their logic.

However, he was less concerned that climate change would represent a major negative force against Berkshire — especially their insurance businesses.  At several points during the day, Buffett extolled the excellence of the pricing discipline and risk assessment of Berkshire’s insurance businesses, and Buffett indicated that he didn’t think that the risk profiles of the insurance businesses had changed materially due to climate change, at least so far.

Munger then chipped in with some commentary on climate policy.  He was pessimistic that any global policy on carbon would be effective, due to the massive coordination problems between all of the various countries that would need to be signatories.  However, Munger was supportive of higher taxes on carbon fuels, which “Europe stumbled into” for reasons other than climate change.  This suggestion prompted some applause from the audience, which surprised Munger.  Buffett then noted to Munger that far from everyone applauded, which drew laughter and a much louder burst of applause from the crowd — indicating that the Berkshire shareholder base on average is probably not as concerned with this issue as is your intrepid reporter.

The standard of today is Bit SSL encryption technology. Double Happiness. Great Rhino. Using a mobile casino bonus to do this is a great idea, and you could find yourself playing on games that are going to quickly become your favourites. How are my winnings allocated? When can I withdraw my winnings or my Buy-In amount? Become the next https://www.unibet.com/casino winner and open your account in just 3 steps!

Roulette Invented in France during the 17th century, now one of the most popular casino games. This simplifies operation, eliminates legal hassle and helps you concentrate on marketing and promotion. Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Use dmy dates from July Namespaces Article Talk. However, after the mid-nineties things began to change for the better as new online casinos could now cater to millions of people around the world. In terms of online table games, the choice at Betway is broad. Online scratch cards follow the same concept as those you can pick up from your local shop or petrol station.

It’s much more fun if you play responsibly. In addition, you must remember that online casinos may hold a small percentage for the withdrawal of funds. Baccarat has been around for hundreds of years in various forms, and today it is a particular favourite of high-rolling player because of its fast-paced action. Because BetSoft is one of the world’s leading 3D instant play casino game vendors, it’s not surprising the firm has made equally impressive inroads with mobile casino fans. Lots of online casinos have live casino games, like roulette, blackjack, poker and more. No online casino can be called such without providing access to classic table games that are most commonly associated with playing and aiming big. The best casino sites work hard to update their portfolio of slot titles, ensuring the latest franchises and themes in popular culture are well-covered.

Experience what happens when a mobile and online casino puts players first. Chitty Bang. Please note that both the bonus credit and the winnings from extra spins have to be wagered 35 times before being able to make a withdrawal. Panda Manga Demo.

The Commission has developed the requirements, ensuring high reliability and excluding the possibility of fraud in online gambling business. All rights reserved. Recommended Recently added Recently Reviewed. Accept Read More.

This gives you a mix of games based on how often our current members play them. She’s a Rich Girl. Guide to Pai Gow Poker Online This game is a variation of poker which is particularly popular in Asian gambling circles. A valid email is required. Magic Portals. It is https://bestcasinos-kr.com also possible to score free cash or even a few free spins without needing to add any of your own money first. Let’s take a look at them in more detail.

Pink Elephants. Queen Of The Nil Wheel of Fortune Kitty Glitter. For your convenience, we offer the following types of deposit and withdrawal methods to fund your Spin Casino account or withdraw any winnings: Credit and Debit Cards Prepaid Cards Web Wallets Bank Transfers As part of our security policy at Spin Casino, we take every step possible to adhere to strict safety standards, while still https://yesjain.com/ making it a top priority to process withdrawals in record time.

Here are the most popular online casino deposit options: PayPal : You can use this popular wallet at sweepstakes casinos and many brands in regulated states. Classic Cinema. Scratch Cards. Filter Games. The online poker software solution helps you launch an online poker room. Blackjack Take on the dealer in this classic casino game.

So what are you waiting for? Turn your ordinary day into extraordinary play at HarrahsCasino. While playing online casino games with real cash is easy, many factors can improve your returns. We update the site with new exciting casino games, slots, slots reviews , online casinos and casino bonuses every day so you can be sure to find something new every time your visit us. But the imagination and diversity in online roulette games is shocking, actually, with multi-wheel, pinball and Monopoly versions among the more unexpected. High Voltage Bla Frogs ‘n Flies. Tech Functionality: Understand if the casino is compatible with your laptop, smartphone, and other current technology.

https://bestcasinos-th.com The best online casino games are usually those that can provide the most returns for a casino player. Gold Factory. While most casino games are considered to be somewhat simple, Craps is the big exception to the rule. Most players are concerned with security on mobile casinos, which is understandable. These games challenge your skills and offer amazing winning opportunities. Here are some of the top casino games that are very popular with players in Canada.

Choose Between Low or High Stakes Slots One of the most convenient things about online real money slots is that there are games for all budgets. Game of Kings. Therefore, players rarely resort to its use. Slingo Rainbow R King of Slots. Free Caribbean Stud Poker.

Moon Princess Demo. Verify if you can win a progressive jackpot with your free bonus cash. Harrahs welcomes those that are of legal casino gambling age to our website. You can find plenty of detailed reviews of new online casinos from our website. It is important for all our members to keep in touch with our promotions page as this would reveal the new offers as they launch. The fastest payouts tend to average around two to three days, whilst other online casinos may take a week to transfer your winnings.

To cash out, you must play casino gambling games for real money in order to complete the stated wagering requirements. Popular New games Top favorites A-Z. Baccarat also has the great advantage of being more or less in line with the dealer as far as the odds are concerned. Some new online casinos do.

Play at redbet online casino now to feel the true thrill of gaming and entertainment! Log in with your registered email address. And of course game selection is hugely important to a great online casino. Usually located in the upper https://www.casinotouring.net/?q=casino-online-website right corner. A: Our team constantly works on finding new and exciting ways to bring the best opportunities to you.

Get 20 free spins min. VIPs Casino. Fairy Queen. A winner is then announced based https://sites.google.com/site/club88casinoza/casino-online-poipet on who has the best poker card.

North America remains the fastest-growing market as more and more American states continue to legalize online gambling. There is no restriction on when, where and how you play, and your smartphone or tablet is the ticket to top quality online entertainment that can be enjoyed in the palm of your hand. However, there is a catch: Bonuses at United Kingdom casinos are not that good. Auditing firms test the software on a regular basis, often monthly, to determine how fair the games are. Blackjack Lobby.

There are so many dedicated new online casino apps designed specifically for mobile casino play. Most Popular Slot Games. The key areas focused on by the TopRatedCasinos. EuroGrand Casino. Why Choose Casino Aus? Best Online Casino Australia Checklist All the best Australian online casino sites we list hold valid gambling licenses, use industry-standard encryption protocols. We also like to see a fast, secure deposit and withdrawal process.

Dragon Spin. Need help? Contact Support. Different games will award a different number of points. Join us now and be the first one to know about these launches!

Jackpot Mobile Casino goes desktop! Yes, that right! You can now play your favourite casino games on Desktop PC as well. New players ONLY. Caribbean Stud Poker Online.

Identifying reputable online casinos that are safe and trustworthy is slightly different depending on the country and its licencing rules, but looking for the seal of approval from the United Kingdom Gambling Commission, Malta Gaming Authority or Government of Gibraltar is a good start. When we look at a casino, we check things like welcome bonus — not only the size of the bonus, but https://bestcasinos-vn.com also wagering requirements and time limits for the bonus cash and free spins. So, when you feel like playing the best Bitcoin casino games and want to find the perfect place, PlayAmo is your number one choice. High payout casinos are big enough to afford to go with the highest number.

Family https://www.baocasino.com/ Guy. Lil’ Lady. Register now and start your online casino adventure with Betway. Live Dealer games have not yet launched in Pennsylvania, but we certainly expect them to in the near future. Filter Casinos. Premium Blackjack.

Read more about the information that our team has collected before embarking on conquering the pinnacle of the gambling industry. Thanks to technologies like HTML5, most casino sites on the internet are compatible with all the popular mobile devices. Batman and the J Grand Bazaar. Sign up.

Check it out! Minimum deposits vary from site to site, it is also relative to the rewards offered when required to deposit to claim the reward. Not all casinos have developed an app for the iPhone or iPad. Most of our games compatible to all kind of smart phones. King Kong Fury. Big Thunder.

There is no system for roulette, craps, and slot machines, period. Understandably, the top rated online casinos have done an excellent job of integrating anything from the bare bones classic 3-reelers to the more https://www.televega.com/ sophisticated 3D-slotters and recently i-Slot games which offer a changeable storyline.

De facto werden entsprechende Casinos aber momentan nicht belangt. Alle Casinos wurden von den Testern persönlich ausprobiert und viele verschiedene Spiele gespielt. Die Anonymität gegenüber anderen Spielern bleibt aber gewahrt.

und auch kostenlose

Da jedes Casino ein unterschiedliches Angebot hat, lohnt es sich zu vergleichen, und mehrere Casinos auszuprobieren. Zu erwähnen ist noch, dass die Ein- und Auszahlungen in der Regel sehr schnell erfolgen und auch kostenlose Dienste unterstützt werden. Die Tischspiele, wie Blackjack und Roulette, sind hingegen ein wenig berechenbarer. Green spielen! Isle of Man.

Die Online Casinos haben sich bereits früh auf den Trend eingestellt und jedes Casino hat eine mobile Version. Vor allem das Angebot an progressiven und nicht progressiven Jackpots ist besonders gut. Erst wenn eine Internet Spielbank Casino im Test diese Aspekte zu unserer Zufriedenheit erfüllt hat, nehmen wir es in unsere Casinoempfehlungen auf. Neben den Spielen und der Lizenz eines Online Casinos steht und fällt vieles mit den Bonusangeboten, die das Casino zu bieten hat.

Denn wir drehen für Sie jeden Jeton einzeln um und entdecken noch die kleinsten Besonderheiten in Ihrem Lieblingscasino. Ob ein Anbieter zu dir passt, hängt also auch von diesen Promotionen ab. Dann bewerte ich die Arbeit der Croupiers. Die meisten Online Casinos bieten ein breites Spektrum von niedrigen bis hohen Einsätzen, nur bei Extremen wie Low Stakes oder High Stakes muss man nach einem entsprechende Anbieter umschauen.

Starburst Jetzt spielen. Die Anzahl der Spiele ist teils auf über 2. Für Ihr erstes Online Casino ist ein riesiger Einzahlungsbonus oft nicht die beste Wahl, vor allem, https://www.thecasinocity.at/ wenn Sie sich noch nicht sicher sind, ob Ihnen die angebotenen Casino Spiele gefallen können. Black Jack gehört für die Casinos zur absoluten Grundausstattung. Im Weiteren erklären wir Ihnen wie Mobile Casinos überhaupt funktionieren und ob es dort die gleiche Spielauswahl gibt wie im normalen Online Casino. Ihre Spielbank soll eine Option haben, die Sie benutzen können. Zu AlfCasino.

Gerade für Zocker, die noch gerne in Spielotheken spielen, ist das darauffolgende Kapitel gedacht, in dem ich mich mit den Pro und Contra dieser beiden Welten beschäftige. Mobilautomaten Casino. Genau aus diesem Grund haben wir eine Liste von Automaten erstellt, die Ihnen bei der Wahl helfen wird. Neteller — es ist ein ähnliches E-Wallet zahlungssystem, das in Ländern auf der ganzen Welt verbreitet ist. Beste Casinos kämpfen ständig darum, in dieser sich ständig verändernden Welt der Technologie https://neuecasinos-at.com relevant zu bleiben. Das Bundesverwaltungsgericht in Leipzig hat in einem im vergangenen Jahr gefällten Urteil zumindest national für https://casino-now.at/ Klarheit gesorgt.

Der erste Kontakt von Besuchern mit einem virtuellen Casino kommt meist über Werbeangebote. Gefällt Ihnen etwas nicht? Suchen Sie einen anderen Anbieter. Die Limits müssen innerhalb des Profils einstellbar sein.

Wir werden Sie aber enttäuschen. Nachfolgend finden Sie einen Überblick über das beste Online-Casino in Deutschland, was Sie dort erwartet und was Sie dort im Einzelnen alles finden können.

Merkur ist ein deutscher Hersteller von Spielhallen Spielen, die sowohl in landbasierten Casinos als auch im Internet verfügbar sind. Dieser Punkt sieht auf den ersten Blick nicht wirklich wichtig aus, aber wer sich einen Gewinn auszahlen lassen möchte, wird sich definitiv für diesen Punkt interessieren. Alle Transaktionen werden geprüft, um Geldwäsche zu verhindern und verdächtige Transaktionen werden den zuständigen https://neuecasinos-ch.com Behörden gemeldet. Sie müssen ihre Profite nicht ans Finanzamt melden.

Andersherum sieht es jedoch beim Umgang mit Kunden aus: Safety first sollte da das Motto sein. Dort habt ihr https://kelbet.it/casino-online-in-svizzera/ den Vorteil, dass er schneller ist, wie eine E-Mail, ihr aber zum Beispiel Bilder oder Screenshots mitschicken könnt, um https://www.onlinecasinosvizzera.com/ das Problem besser zu erklären. Uns ist es dabei wichtig, so transparent wie möglich zu arbeiten. Split Aces Casino. Doch keine Angst, wir haben die Antworten auf all deine Fragen.

Unibet Casino. Zugegeben, dieser Slot spricht vor allem die Männerwelt an. Das ist Casino.

Ebenfalls wichtig sind grundlegende Infos wie unter anderem Bonusbedingungen oder Lizenzinformationen. Aufgrund der fehlgeschlagenen Lizenzvergabe, die auch in den Medien stark diskutiert wurde, kommen bei vielen Spielern immer wieder einmal Fragen zur Legalität der Online Casino Spiele auf. Registriert man sich von einem anderen Bundesland aus, wird man auf die identisch aussehende Seite “OnlineCasino-eu. Drückglück Casino Bonus. Zahlt mehr als den Mindestbetrag ein, der für die Aktivierung des Bonus notwendig ist 5. Evobet Casino Erfahrungen. Dafür gibt es in der Regel eine eigene Homepage-Sektion, die sich den Sportwetten widmet.

Gerade für eine Auszahlung auf das Bankkonto nehmen nicht so gute Casinos Gebühren. Zu 21 Casino. Ein online Casino Unternehmer muss auf jeden Fall eine gültige Spielelizenz besitzen. Deutsche Spieler lieben Online Glücksspiele. Auch in dem Punkt können wir Lucky Days positiv hervorheben. Weitere Infos Slotwolf Jetzt Spielen.

Sie können kurzfristig Glück

Je besser diese 3 Kriterien im online Spielothek Test hochwertig sind, desto höher wird das Kasino in unserer List angezeigt. Online Gambling liegt im Trend und macht lokalen Casinos immer mehr Konkurrenz. Relevanter ist die Navigationsführung, die von A bis Z selbsterklärend sein muss. Sie können kurzfristig Glück haben und eventuell auch hoch gewinnen, aber erwarten Sie nicht, dass Sie systematisch und immer wieder Gelder durch das Spielen von Casinospielen gewinnen werden. Online Videoautomaten haben zudem den Vorteil einer höheren Auszahlungsquote, als die Slots einer Spielothek oder im Spielcasino.

Casino Luck. Erstelle dort ein Konto. So könnt ihr nach euren individuellen Bedürfnissen filtern und das beste Casino heraussuchen.

Einige bieten zum Beispiel PayPal aber auch viele weitere Zahlungsmethoden an. Bei einem online Casino musst du noch nicht einmal die eigenen vier Wände verlassen, um spielen zu können. Manche haben sogar eine Lizenz auch Schleswig-Holstein. Zurück zur Startseite Zum nächsten Artikel.

Ein Unsicherheitsfaktor ist der Glücksspielstaatsvertrag selbst.

Διαβαστε περισσότερα για το

Υπάρχουν πάρα πολλά  Καζίνο στο ιντερνετ  που προσφέρουν παιχνίδια καζίνο και συγκεκριμένα φρουτάκια. Στο froutakiaonline. Έχουμε κάνει εγγραφή και έχουμε δοκιμάσει τα περισσότερα καζίνο στο ίντερνετ και ξεχωρίσαμε αυτά που διαθέτουν τις καλύτερες υπηρεσίες. Σε αυτή τη σελίδα θα βρείτε Καζίνο στο ίντερνετ που είναι αξιόπιστα και προσφέρουν:. Τα παρακάτω καζίνο προσφέρουν φρουτάκια και άλλα τυχερά παιχνίδια στη Ελλάδα, καθώς διαθέτουν την ανάλογη άδεια λειτουργείας και θεωρούνται απο τα τα καλύτερα καζίνο online. Η Betshop. Υπάρχει μεγάλη ποικιλία σε slots και όχι μόνο. Εκτός από τα φρουτάκια, θα βρείτε και παιχνίδια Live Casino με πραγματικούς κρουπιέρηδες, Εικονικά Παιχνίδια και Στοίχημα. Διαβαστε περισσότερα για το betshop Casino. Η Novibet λειτουργεί νόμιμα από το στην Ελλάδα. Το καζίνο της Novibet διαθέτει μεγάλη ποικιλία από τυχερά παιχνίδια γνωστών και αξιόπιστων εταιριών όπως Netent, Microgaming, Scientific και Evolution. Τα παιχνίδια που θα βρείτε είναι Live ρουλέτα, Live poker, Live Blackjack, φρουτάκια, Στοίχημα αλλά και virtual sports. Διαβαστε περισσότερα για το Novibet casino. Η bet δεν χρειάζεται και πολλές συστάσεις καθώς είναι από τις κορυφαίες πλατφόρμες στοιχήματος στον κόσμο. Το καζίνο της bet είναι και αυτό απο τα κορυφαία με μεγάλη γκάμα απο παιχνίδια απο κορυφαίες εταίρίες όπως NetEnt και Playtech. Εκτός απο φρουτάκια, το καζίνο διαθέτει και κλασσικά παιχνίδια όπως Ρουλέτα, Μπλάκτζακ, Βίντεο Πόκερ αλλά και ένα φανταστικό live casino με παιχνίδια της Playtech. Στο online casino θα βρείτε περισσότερα από παιχνίδια, 3D φρουτάκια αλλά και live casino. Τα παραπάνω νόμιμα διαδικτυακά καζίνο σας δίνουν την δυνατότητα να παίξετε κουλοχέρηδες κατευθείαν από τον υπολογιστή σας ή το κινητό σας τηλέφωνο, χωρίς να είναι απαραίτητο να κατεβάσετε κάποιο λογισμικό στην συσκευή σας. Ξεχωρίζουν για το άψογο σχεδιασμό που διαθέτουν οι ιστοσελίδες τους, έτσι ώστε ο παίκτης να μπορεί να πλοηγηθεί εύκολα και γρήγορα και να επιλέξει το παιχνίδι που τον ενδιαφέρει. Εκτός από την εύχρηστη πλοήγηση, θα βρείτε φρουτάκια και άλλα παιχνίδια καζίνο από τις πιο αξιόπιστες και δημοφιλείς κατασκευάστριες εταιρίες λογισμικού. Η εξυπηρέτηση πραγματοποιείται με πολλούς τρόπους όπως https://newcasinos-gr.com email, live chat, skype αλλά δίνεται και τηλέφωνο επικοινωνίας. Διαβάστε Επίσης: Τρόποι κατάθεσης στα καζίνο στο ίντερνετ. https://www.casinoslot.gr/ Τα απαραίτητα cookies είναι απολύτως απαραίτητα για τη σωστή λειτουργία της ιστοσελίδας. Αυτή η κατηγορία περιλαμβάνει μόνο τα cookies που εξασφαλίζουν βασικές λειτουργίες και χαρακτηριστικά ασφαλείας της ιστοσελίδας. Αυτά τα cookies δεν αποθηκεύουν προσωπικές πληροφορίες. Όλα τα cookies που μπορεί να μην είναι ιδιαίτερα αναγκαία για τη https://www.interwetten.gr/el/live-casino λειτουργία του ιστότοπου και χρησιμοποιείται ειδικά για να συλλέγουν προσωπικα δεδομένα ενως χρήστη μέσω analytics, διαφημίσεις, χαρακτηριζονται ως μη απαραίτητα cookies. Είναι υποχρεωτική η συγκατάθεση του χρήστη πριν από την εκτέλεση αυτών των cookies στην ιστοσελίδα. Centre Court Εγγραφή. Invalid number.

If you roll too low to move anything off the board, thereby making it possible for a casino to exponentially increase its, cloud quest.

It is known for its Flash-based older titles as well as the latest slot machine games designed on HTML5 technology. Views Read View source View history. Play Now! Sugarhouse Casino. Read more Below you can find our full casino list. Fire Joker.

Progressive slot jackpots are where the jackpot is increased each time the game is played but the jackpot is not https://casino.betway.com/ won. Classic slots — Their appearance and functionality is basic. In most cases, you receive those once you start playing in a new casino. Thus, we are unique, exciting and completely new in every possible way. Home to over 7, free slots online. For all our best online casino reviews, we check the required licencing, security and responsible gambling partnerships to ensure that we only recommend safe and trustworthy places to our readers.

Siberian Storm D Thunderstruck II. Video Slots — The modern iteration of classic slots, originated in brick-and-mortar casino halls when screens took the place of mechanical reels. Being the best online casino Canada real money is all about games. Aristocrat 22 slots. IGT Interactive. We’ve found the most popular online slot games and you’re not going to want to miss out on! Free Games.

X You are using an outdated browser. No deposit bonus is only available to players from the following countries: Austria, Finland, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland. First off, Bitcoin is so much more secure and sturdy. Fortune Lucky Lady’s Cha Enchanted Garden. Play Demo Ghostbusters. Low volatility games pay out smaller prizes more frequently while high volatility slots award more generous prizes less often. Since no download slots are entirely free, there are many benefits you can take advantage of when playing slot machines online.

Level 20 Unlock. The unconditional leaders are definitely the progressive jackpot slots:. So, we look at which countries are restricted, the various currencies that are available to use and what payment methods players can choose from. The resulting top 20 is like a Premium League of the best UK online casinos. These featured electronically spun reels, but still had the lever on the side to activate the game. Golden Wolves.

Tips about Free Slots with Bonus Games A bonus game is a game within a game that gives you an additional chance to win extra coins. We have sent you an email so you can reset your password, check your inbox. Thank you for submission! Your submission is received and we will contact you soon. They are different to all other casinos and we always come up with something different for your benefit. We are the most extensive website devoted to slot machines in particular and other free casino games in a whole on the Internet. Ultra Hot.

Fun Casino. Dolphin Treasure. Casoola is operated by Genesis Global Limited and has been active online since Read full Casoola https://www.playusa.com/online-casinos/ review here. Please be advised, though, picking more lines with more reels does not increase your overall long-term chances of winning.

In fact, we are delighted to give our members access to a range of other top titles if they fancy trying something different.

https://newcasinos-ph.com

Often those casinos offer something new and exciting. Online Casino Paddy https://www.onlinecasinoselite.org/ Power Casino is an online casino where UK and Ireland-based players can play their favourite traditional casino games for real money. Our recommendation is simple: Determine your needs, pick a couple of largest online casinos that appeal to those needs, and try all of them one by one. Indulge in the hottest award-winning titles and land some of those casino online real money payouts! No matter the online casino games you decide to enjoy, major cash is there to be won. Video Poker Online. Welcome to Ninja Casino Online Ninja Casino is a unique online casino, where you do not need to register an account to start playing real money games and where you receive your money instantly when you cash out your winnings.

http://www.gambleonlineformoney.com/online-casino-south-africa/

It pays to learn all about video poker strategy and to learn how to apply it to other poker variations. In their work, they use a carefully tuned random number generator. Are you looking for an international online casino to play at? Want to win real money from the best sites in the world? If you’ve answered yes, you’ve come to the right place.

The most popular of which are three and five reels slots with multiple pay lines, while progressive jackpot pokies offer life-changing payouts. Cash Machine. As pioneers in the online casino industry, we first opened our doors to players back in and more than 25 million members have enjoyed our multi-award winning online casino games and promotions ever since. Imagine hitting a jackpot during your morning commute, whilst running errands, or whilst unwinding at home after a long day at work. For those who enjoy the Triple Crown or just want to kill some time one afternoon, the social-oriented culture of race betting is still very appealing. For example, you need to wager your potential winnings from a bonus a certain amount of times before you can cash out.

Pai Gow Poker originated https://newcasinos-za.com in Asia and is played with seven cards against the dealer. To install the application, press and then add to the main screen. The legal age to gamble via the worldwide web is restricted to players over the age of Find right now the best online casino or play for free if you are not 21 yet. From them, you can collect your deposit bonus or selection of complimentary spins. Shamrock Spin. A: We prefer not to compare ourselves to the newest online casino sites, but rather focus on new and exciting features that enhances your experience even more. Enjoy even more entertainment thanks to numerous Blackjack variants such as Royal Crown Blackjack!

Register and play for free. On top of that, by signing up for a mobile app you could be entitled to an exclusive mobile bonus! And ultimately, any app put together by an online casino that is worth its salt, will run smoothly. Customer support is a very important factor for us to rate any online casino Europe.

For example, in the Promotions tab, there are five different bonuses that have their own extensive description and even a visual decoration.

Die Länder erhoffen sich mit dem dritten Glücksspielvertrag eine gesamtdeutsche Lösung, die auch vor den höchsten europäischen Gerichten standhält. Karamba Casino. Sogenannte Bonusjäger würden nur von Casino zu Casino springen und mit ihren speziellen Taktiken spielen, um überall die höchsten Gewinne herauszuholen. Neu im BGO Casino?

Dann warten zehn Freispiele als Anmeldebonus, und zwar völlig ohne Einzahlung und völlig ohne Risiko. Möglicherweise ist auch der Casino Bonus noch nicht vollständig freigespielt und https://onlinecasinoveilig.com/ kann daher noch nicht ausgezahlt werden. Daher betrachten wir die jeweilige n Lizenz en genauer, prüfen das Datum, den Umfang zum Beispiel nur Sportwetten oder nur der Casinobetrieb oder das lizenzgebende Land, beziehungsweise die Wertigkeit für Casinogäste in Deutschland. Gerade bei den News freue ich mich über eure Rückmeldungen, damit ich ein noch besseres Gefühl bekomme, was euch unter den Nägeln brennt.

Einige Anbieter legen dafür 7 Tage fest. Auch in Bezug auf die Aktivierung eines bestimmten Bonusangebots lassen sich deutliche Unterschiede zwischen verschiedenen Anbietern feststellen. Einzahlungen mit Skrill und Neteller aktivieren den Bonus nicht. Geil man! Damit habe ich nicht gerechnet Es unterliegt der Verantwortung des Besuchers sich über die aktuelle Rechtslage zu informieren. So sind neue Casinos oft wesentlich innovativer.

Deswegen lassen Sie sich ein bisschen mehr Zeit, um sichere Spielbanken Anbieter auszuwählen, bevor Sie anfangen zu spielen. Das letztere ist übrigens besonders wichtig, denn es müssen unbedingt bestimmte Casino Bonus Bedingungen erfüllt werden, um eine online Casino Bonus Auszahlung vorzunehmen. Filtern Sie ganz einfach alle Bonusangebote. Bonus sichern.

den höchsten Gewinnen sortieren, bewerten

Seriöser Anbieter für Deutschland Über Casinospiele. Über den Autor. Jedes Online Casino, der es ermöglichen würde. Du bist interessiert an täglichen News rund um das Thema Glückspiel , willst wissen wann der letzte Millionen-Jackpot geknackt wurde, oder dich über Änderungen im Glücksspielrecht informieren? Dann ist unser Newsticker genau das richtige für dich! Du kannst die Videos nach den höchsten Gewinnen sortieren, bewerten und kommentieren. Und http://www.lasvegasonline.nl/ die Spiele, die Du mit https://nieuwecasinos-nl.com dem gewonnenen Geld ausgelöst hast, zählen genauso zur Umsatzbedingung.

Beide Institutionen haben sich dabei mit ihren hohen Standards einen sehr guten Ruf erarbeitet. Mit welchen Buchstaben startet der Link? Wenn es die erste Option ist, suchen Sie ein anderes Spielbank. Ein kurzer Einblick in die Live Casino Spiele.

Die Top 10 seriöse online Casinos für Deutschland sind vertrauenswürdige Anbieter, welche auf Herz und Nieren getestet wurden. Dadurch können Sie risikofrei zuerst ein Spiel oder einen Spielehersteller ermitteln, der Ihnen besonders gut gefällt, und danach eine Online Spielothek auswählen, die genau diese Spiele im Angebot hat. Witch Pickings Scratch. Willkommensbonus Zodiac Casino. Jetzt Spielen 7 free spins.

Zum einen bieten eine ganze Reihe von Anbietern der Spiele an, die ihren ursprung in der Spielbank haben.

Vielen richten sich an dem Angebot der klassischen Spielbanken. Ein weiterer Punkt ist die rechtliche Seite, da es ein paar Dinge zu beachten gibt, damit ihr legal spielt. Das Spiele Angebot https://www.pokerstars.pt/onlinecasino/sites/ppc/casino500/ ist exzellent: mittlerweile bietet das Casino weit über Spiele in verschiedenen Kategorien. Was viele Casinofans — die gelegentlich ein paar Runden am Roulette oder bei den Slots drehen — nicht wissen: In Deutschland ist Online Glücksspiel eigentlich illegal. Man verspricht dort das gleiche System wie bei Spielbanken. Gerade in den letzten Wochen, hört und liest man zum Thema sehr viel in den Medien und viele Spieler sind vielleicht verunsichert.

Ihr könnt aber zu jedem Zeitpunkt auch in Online Casinos Echtgeld setzen. Bestimmt habt ihr in den Nachrichten in den letzten Jahren öfter etwas über den Glücksspielstaatsvertrag gehört. VIP Stakes Casino. Online Blackjack. Ein gutes Casino bietet dir unterschiedliche Zahlungsmethoden und eine schnelle Auszahlung deiner Gewinne.

Kaum jemand kann sich der Magie der rollenden Kugel entziehen. Wir gehen davon aus, dass du wie auch die meisten Spieler mittlerweile Casino Spiele auch gerne auf dem Handy oder Tablet spielst. Tägliche Boni. Melden Sie sich bedenkenlos bei einem der von uns geprüften Casinos an und beginnen Sie in Ihr Casinoabenteuer! Christina hat als freiberufliche Autorin bei Casino. Doch nicht jeder traut dem Braten, so haben bereits ein paar Bundesländer zu erkennen gegeben, es Schleswig-Holstein nachzutun und ein eigenes Gesetz zu verabschieden, sollte ein bundesweites doch scheitern.

Zusammenfassend können wir euch versichern, dass es noch nie sicherer und einfacher war, Geld ein- und auszuzahlen. Diese sorgen dafür, dass man als Spieler beim Echtgeld-Spiel ein authentisches Gefühl bekommt. Novomatic, Microgaming, Merkur, Play’n Go. Erforderlich Immer aktiviert.

die Seriosität oder die

Es sollte also kein Problem sein, Bargeld umgehend in ein gutes Online Casino zu bringen. Die Fairness-Bewertung des Kasinos umso höher, je mehr verschiedene Einzahlungs- und Auszahlungsmethoden zur Verfügung stehen Es https://www.rubyfortunecasino.com/brasil/ ist keine leichte Aufgabe, die Zuverlässigkeit und Integrität aller Finanztransaktionen sicherzustellen. Sie sollten auch wissen, dass es bei Boni ohne Einzahlung oft nötig ist, eine Einzahlung zu tätigen, sollte es im Gewinnfall zu einer Auszahlung kommen. Hier zahlt https://novoscassinos.com sich ein guter Kundendienst aus.

Doch wenn dein Favorit nicht alles zu bieten hat, dann kannst du dich in mehr als einem Casino anmelden. Es spricht hier nichts dagegen. Komplette Liste mit anzeigen Top Casinos hier. Hat man als Spieler also per Visacard eingezahlt, dann erfolgt eine Auszahlung eben auch auf genau dieses Kreditkartenkonto.

Dies lässt, entgegen der Meinung vieler angeblicher Experten, keinesfalls zwangsläufig Rückschlüsse auf die Seriosität oder die Qualität des Casinos zu. Das EU Casino hat sich auf europäische Zocker spezialisiert und dementsprechend finden Sie hier einen tollen Kundenservice für deutsche Spieler vor und es gibt über hochmoderne Casinospiele von NetEnt und Microgaming zu entdecken.

Člen se musí ujistit, že jakékoliv materiály, které přidá ke Službě, stejně tak jako činy nebo zprávy poslané v souvislosti se Službou: a nezneužívají žádná vlastnická práva; b nepředstavují porušení platných zákonů, včetně ustanovení trestního práva; c nejsou urážlivé, výhružné, nekorektní, neurážejí náboženství, nejsou pornografické, nepravdivé, nespolehlivé nebo zavádějící; d nepředstavují slib nebo žádost k dávání slibů v podobě výhod za výhry nebo prohry. Hledáte-li kasinové hry, které nabízí jedny z nejtučnějších jackpotů online, doporučujeme vám progresivní herní automaty! Když hrajete hry jako Mega Moolah a Major Millions, část všech skutečných vsazených peněz jde do jackpotu.

Hned po příjezdu ukáže major Kuneš své schopnosti v případu vraždy z vězení právě propuštěného dealera. Casino – online a live: Hry zdarma free spiny v online casinu Jak fungují Free Spiny v casinu Online casino – hazardní hry na internetu Live casino – živí krupiéři online Keno – číselná loterie až x denně Online casino hry na mobilu a tabletu Další kasino hry v online casinu Peněžní bonusy v online kasinu Jak zjistit výplatnost automatů? Bonusy v casinu a požadavky na protočení.

Když ale zbývá Dynamické účastnické fondy doplňkového penzijního spoření, jež jsou obecně vhodné pro investory, Novela zákona o kapitálovém trhu by měla v Česku zavést povinnost nahrávat všechny telefonické V posledních letech Česko zasáhla horečka korporátních dluhopisů. Chance casino. Uniklý iOS 14 odhalil, že Apple chystá na podzim další nálož iPadů.

Pokud jste nový hráč v online kasinech je důležité si uvědomit, že ne všechna kasina jsou si rovna a že existují i takové, které vás mohou podvést a využít vás. Party Poker. Secrets of Atlantis.

Dalo by se říci, že všechny řeči kolem metod výběru jsou pouze mlácením prázdné slámy, pravdou ale je, že existuje mnoho informací, které by hráč měl znát. Královna diamantů. Některé právní jurisdikce neřeší zákonnost on-line hazardních her a jiní speciálně vyrobené on-line hazardních her nezákonné. Mohu sledovat své vklady a výběry v rámci online kasina? Své peníze máte vždy zcela pod kontrolou https://www.parkerhill.cz/online-casino-na-klic/.

včetně ustanovení

Kuneš se konečně dostává k případu, za kterým do kraje přijel. Prodloužit Premium za 1 Kč. Váš přístup na stránky je vaší vlastní iniciativou a vy nesete zodpovědnost za dodržování místních zákonů, pokud se na vás vztahují a v míře, v jaké se na vás vztahují. Jak dopadne Ahoj všem. Některé hry jsou z matematického hlediska lepší než jiné, ale nezapomínejte, že ať uděláte cokoli, vždycky https://www.betarena.cz/rubriky/sportovni-clanky/synot-tip-ziskal-licenci-pro-online-casino_1644.html budete v nevýhodě.

Jsme obeznámeni s každým casinem a dodavatelem herního softwaru. Stejně jako u jakéhokoliv souboru staženého z internetu je zde riziko, že může software obsahovat nějaký malware. GameTwist je platformou pro kasinové hry , jež si v herních záležitostech stojí za moderností. Tyto casino hry, jsou dale předávány právě do námi zmíněného online casina.

Nicméně i tak si raději zkontrolujte nabídku her, zdá právě vašim potřebám vyhovuje. Tato unikátní nová funkce může zvýšit možnosti více výher, https://novychkasin.com že je možné hrát jenom tam.

Gana vales de bonos sin depósito ofrecidos por Casino Guru 3. Chilli Heat. No compartiremos tu dirección de correo electrónico con terceros. Pero tener una app de casino o una oferta con crupieres en vivo tampoco garantiza que sean lo mejor de lo mejor. Existen diferentes sitios que te hacen jugar en un casino online chile gratis, pero sin dinero real. El bono sin deposito inicial de Codere lo convierte en una de las mejores opciones en la web de casino en línea.

Redacción Diario de Valderrueda martes , 21 de enero de , Jackpot City Este sitio web tiene uno de los mejores juegos de casino online, entre ellos destacan la ruleta, el blackjack, el póker y los tragamonedas. Primero, vas a querer realizar una pequeña investigación. No son todo slots en línea , prueba nuestras promociones para seguir volviendo a Casino como a tu casa. He leído y aceptado los política de privacidad.

Juega de Verdad. Echa un vistazo a un resumen a continuación. Se te reparten 5 cartas y luego debes decidir qué conservar y qué descartar en un solo movimiento. Una vez estamos frente a la computadora o a cualquier dispositivo móvil con acceso a internet, con la idea de jugar.

JackpotCity Casino ha tomado un paso adelante para mejorar tu experiencia de juego online. Amplia variedad de títulos de casino de diferentes desarrolladores. En todo https://live.casino.com/mexico/ caso se trata de una gratificante experiencia de juego. Este sitio web, mediante sus propios medios o con la ayuda de terceros, utiliza cookies; que son https://valenciaextra.com/es/casinos-en-linea-populares-entre-usuarios/ necesarias para su funcionamiento y para los fines especificados en la Política de Cookies.

También es cierto que existen casinos en línea con plazos imposibles para bonos extremadamente atractivos. Algunos casinos en línea ofrecen juegos distintos, mientras que otros sólo un tipo de juego. Disponéis de los mismos juegos que la versión web y algunos casinos ofrecen bonos exclusivos https://nuevoscasinos-mx.com designados a los jugadores que ingresan desde su dispositivo móvil.

Rise of Maya. Si necesitas contactar con un agente, puedes utilizar el chat en vivo o enviar un correo electrónico. Ruletas 21 Ver todos.

Juega Bovada Casino. Algo que dada la alta competencia que se da en la industria del juego online es imprescindible. El casino Betfair también ofrece una serie de tiradas gratis junto al bono de bienvenida del casino.

hacen jugar en un    casino

Revisamos para usted los establecimientos de mercado, para poder encontrar el mejor casino en línea Hay juegos que ofrecen la oportunidad de ganar jackpots progresivos de slots. Menu Inicio Juegos de casinos Los casinos en el mundo. Os recordamos como siempre que una cosa es la oferta del bono y otra las condiciones que debéis cumplir para liberar el dinero ganado.

Rick and Morty Megaways. A continuación te vamos a hablar sobre esta estrategia para ganar al Blackjack y otros consejos y técnicas que te pueden ser de utilidad. Apuestas En Directo. Sitio web en Inglés Chat en vivo en Neerlandés. Se ha reenviado el mensaje de confirmación.

Si accedéis a alguno de los casinos online para móvil recomendados en esta web tendréis absoluta confianza de estar ingresando a un sitio seguro.

Dog er det fuldt ud lovligt at spille på udenlandske casinoer, så det er altså ikke fordi der er noget forkert i det overhovedet, og mange af disse udenlandske casinoer online er glimrende. Vores anbefalinger af de bedste udenlandske casinoer No Deposit Er du i tvivl om hvordan du finder de bedste udenlandske spillesider uden dansk licens og nemid, som du https://www.danskecasino.online/ kan føle dig fortrolig med at tilmelde dig. BedsteCasinoSpil — guides og anmeldelser af online casinoer BedsteCasinoSpil er din kilde til erfaring — fra spillere til spillere. Søg efter spil du måske vil kunne lide. Du får derfor lige listen med bonusser, der kræver indbetaling. Der vil både være anmeldelser af de forskellige sider, samt af forskellige spil og spilleautomater. Fokus er primært på de online casinoer der har tilladelse fra Spillemyndigheden i Danmark.

Ethereum er den næststørste kryptovaluta, kun overgået af Bitcoin. Derfor er det bare at følge med i vores bonus nyheder her på siden, hvor der også vil være nyt om bingo. Du kan finde den komplette liste over licenserede og godkendte casinoer på myndighedens officielle https://newcasinos-vn.com hjemmeside. Regler og vilkår gælder Spil ansvarligt stopspillet. Det er ikke altid helt enkelt at vælge et godt online casino , der lever op til alle dine krav.

Når det kommer til lovgivning, skal du til gengæld være opmærksom på beskatningen. Alle dealere er fuldt ud oplærte, venlige og professionelle, samt giver dig råd de bliver spurgt. Vi giver dig det fulde overblik over de bedste online casino-udbydere på det danske marked og guider dig gennem junglen af velkomsttilbud, free spins, bonusser og kampagner. De helt store udbetalinger kan være helt op i millionklassen, når jackpotten har vokset sig rigtig stor, så det er bestemt værd at holde øje med det område. Sidst, men ikke mindst: https://www.henvisningskode.net/online-casino-guide/ Bonussen — og dertilhørende gevinster — bortfalder, hvis ikke gennemspilkravene opfyldes.

Daglig chancerne til bonus Mange betalingsmuligheder Dansk kundesupport. I vores spilunivers finder du alt indenfor casinoverdenen; Prøv det populære Roulette Slå dealeren i Blackjack Oplev vores live dealere i vores Live Casino Gå på eventyr blandt vores Spillemaskiner. Hos BedsteCasinoSpil finder du lister og guides til at skaffe bonusser, free spins og mange andre fordelagtige goder. Ønsker du at læse en specifik anmeldelse af dit favorit casino, og ønsker du at finde ud af, hvordan vi vurderer casinoet, finder du hos os ærlige udtalelser og anmeldelser fra os — erfarne spillere. Spil: Starburst, Spin-værdi: 1kr.

Bonussen er forældet. Omsætningskrav på 10x indenfor 60 dage 1 skrabelod pr. Softwareudviklere arbejder år efter år på at udvikle nye fantastiske casinospil. Da dukker det opp bonuser etter hvert, skal du ikke betale skat af din gevinst. Det hele er der! Spilleautomater, blackjack, roulette, video poker, baccarat, keno, skrabelodsspil og selv live casino-spil er tilgængelige.

Er du mere til strategi og til at spille mod andre, skal du søge efter de mere traditionelle spil som blackjack og poker.

Vedonlyönti netissä ei ole koskaan ollut näin hauskaa ja helppoa. Luotettavuus ja maine ovat myös vaikutuspaikkoja, ja kasinobonus, jonka saat, kun talletat todellista rahaa, määräävät lopulta online-kasino. Spots toiminta klo internet kasino web-sivustot voi olla pelattu vain rekisteröity line kasino ihmiset.

Jäljellä on vielä kolme kampanjapäivää, ja suomalaisille pelaajille tehty käännös on erinomainen. Kasino ilman rekisteröitymistä pähkinänkuoressa Hurjan suosion saavuttaneet kasinot ilman rekisteröitymistä mahdollistavat tallettamisen ja pelaamisen sekunneissa. Lisäksi suomenkieliset verkkokasinot voivat antaa suurempia voittoja niiden pelaajille. NetEnt, Microgaming, Betsoft Jättipotteihin erikoistunut nettikasino, josta saat no deposit -ilmaiskierrosta. Esimerkiksi hedelmäpelit eivät olisi kovinkaan mielenkiintoisia, vaan pikemminkin epämiellyttäviä pelattavaksi live-kasinolla.

Saat automaattisesti parhaat uuden pelaajan bonukset meidän linkeistämme. He saattavat tulla pelaamaan myös selvittääkseen, mikä heidän pelistrategiassa mättää, jos viime aikoina on tullut paljon häviöitä. Nettikasinoiden asiakaspalvelut palvelevat pelaajia yleensä casinon sivuilta löytyvän live chat -ikkunan avulla, sähköpostitse tai jopa puhelimen välityksellä.

Lue koko Arvostelu! Bonuksen Suuruus. Se tarkoittaa sitä, että pelaajan täytyy kierrättää bonuksella saamansa voitot tietyn verran kasinolla, ennen kuin varat ovat kotiuttamiskelpoisia.

tutkia juuri lahella

Viimeisin arvostelu. Aivan kuten kivijalkakasinojen, myös nettikasinoiden toimintaa ohjaa lainsäädäntö. Maksut hoituvat usein Trustlyn välityksellä joka toimiii eräänlaisena välikätenä pelaajan sekä kasinon välillä.

Mitä sinun tulee tietää Online-Kasinolla pelaamisesta luvun puolivälistä alkaen online-kasinoala on kasvanut valtavasti. Voit esimerkiksi kerätä tiettyjä symboleita useamman pelikierroksen ajan, ja kun saavutat tietyn määrän, saat voiton. Niiden kehityksen esteenä on kuitenkin varusteiden korkeahko hinta. Olemme tehneet valinnat suomalaista pelaajaa ajatellen, jolloin myös suomenkielinen sivusto ja asiakaspalvelu ovat tärkeitä tekijöitä. Some of them https://uudetkasinot-fi.com include:.

Pankkien uudistusten myötä kasinoille voi nyt tunnistautua entistäkin nopeammalla menetelmällä, sillä kaikki pankit eivät enää vaadi kuin pelkän PIN-koodin tunnistautumiseen. Meiltä löytyy aina viimeisimmät arviot nettikasinoista ja niiden parhaista bonuksista https://www.internetcasinot.com/listat/parhaat-netticasinot/. These games are compliant with all the laws of the UK gaming commission and other local laws applicable to online gambling.

Suurin osa nettikasinoista tarjoaa sivustollaan niin sanotun Usein kysyttyjä kysymyksiä -osion, joka myös UKK-lyhenteestä tunnetaan. Pelaaminen ei missään https://www.suomalaiset-kasinot.net/ tapauksessa ole ryppyotsaista touhua, eikä hammasten kiristely kuulu miellyttävään pelihetkeen. Kyllä tämä on ihan hyvä valinta myös mobiilikasinolla pelaamisesta kiinnostuneille.

Morgan Freeman Miksi juuri Energy Casino joulukalenteri ideoita Kuhmo nettikasinot Vain tee at kaikki foorumi kasino, joka kateva on verkossa W nykyisten aika kasino verkossa jonkun toisen rahoille kasino netti kasinot Taman Menetelma tutkia juuri lahella lahella online kasinot.

ولكن لا يمكن أن ننكر أن الشعب المفتون بها هو الشعب الأمريكي. حتى أن الكثير من الخبراء يعتبرون لعبة البوكر هي لعبة الكازينو الأولى الشعبية في البلاد. فسهولة اللعبة جعلت الشعوب المختلفة تنتج منها نسخها الخاصة حتى. فهي تشتهر في الشرق الأوسط بأسماء مختلفة مثل 21 أو 31 في بعض الأحيان باختلاف القواعد الرئيسية. الأمر محير هنا بعض الشيء. تلك المسابقة التي اعتاد إجرائها في مصر وغيرها من البلدان العربية. خبرائنا في أحلى كازينو يقدمون لكم عروض شخصية والاجابة على كافة اسئلتكم المتعلقة حول العاب الكازينو اون لاين عبر الهاتف! البريد الالكتروني إلزامي. رقم الهاتف. كازينو لاس فيجاس Casino Las Vegas ومن الجدير بالذكر أن الحد الأقصى لأي مكافأة من تلك المكافآت هو دولار أمريكي. الحصول على معاملة كبار الشخصيات في أحلى كازينو! الرجا ءملئ تفاصيلك:. شكرا لانتسابكم لنادي كبار الشخصيات! سنتواصل معكم قريبا.

Premier Roulette اشترك.

Open toolbar. إمكانية الوصول زيادة النص تقليل النص الرمادي التباين العالي عكس التباين خلفية مشرقة تسليط الضوء على الروابط نقطة قابلة للقراءة Reset Help. أفضل الكازينوهات على الإنترنت, الدليل الشامل لكيفية اختيارها! لمن يحب المقامرة أو حماس ألعاب الكازينو, ولكن لا يملك الوقت للذهاب إلى كازينو حقيقي واللعب أو إن لم يكن هناك كازينو في منطقتك , قامت الكازينوهات على الإنترنت بجلب أفضل ألعاب الكازينو لك. توفر الكازينوهات على الإنترنت الفرصة لوضع رهانات افتراضية على الألعاب بإستخدام أموال حقيقية. ومع الزيادة التدريجية في الجماهيرية والمنافسة, فقد نجحت التقنية بنقل المقامرة إلى الإنترنت. وتوجد المئات إن لم تكن الآلاف من مواقع الكازينو على الإنترنت والمدعومة من شركات تقنية كبرى, وهذا له جانب جيد وسيء في نفس الوقت, حيث يتاح للاعبين نطاق واسع من الخيارات للإختيار من بينها, ولكنه سيء https://www.pinkcasino.co.uk/ للمبتدئين حيث يصعب اختيار أي كازينو للعب! كازينو اللعب الفوري, وهذه مواقع تسمح لك باللعب مباشرة عبر المتصفح الخاص بك بدون تحميل أي برامج على حاسوبك, هذا أو يمكنك تحميل برنامج كازينو يتطلب التحميل والتسجيل من أجل اللعب. تطبيقات الكازينو عبر الهاتف, وهي تطبيقات للهواتف المحمولة وهي مخصصة للمستخدمين كثيري التنقل وتحتوي على أفضل الألعاب في منصات كازينو مصممة للهواتف. بينما لم يتم تسجيل أي حالات توقيف بسبب المقامرة على الإنترنت في الولايات المتحدة, https://www.32red.com/ فإن هناك قوانين عديدة تحظر إستخدام التحويلات عبر الإنترنت في مواقع المقامرة, هذه القوانين تجعل البنوك حذرة عند التعامل مع مثل هذه المواقع. رغم ذلك, فليست كل المنصات توفر برمجيات متوافقة مع كل الأجهزة. بعض المنصات توفر ألعاب متصفح عبر فلاش أو تقنية HTML5 الغير متوافقة مع أجهزة شركة آبل. وبعضها لا تتوافق مع الأجهزة ذات الشاشات الصغيرة, مما يجعلها محدودة الإستخدام للحواسيب. أهم ما يجب أخذه في الإعتبار هو سمعة الموقع, في ظل وجود مخاطر كازينوهات وهمية أو لصوص إنترنت. فهذه مخاطر إضافية يجب الحذر منها. أفضل الطرق للعثور على مواقع مقامرة آمنة ومعتمدة هي عن طريق قراءة آراء المستخدمين, فإن قراءة على الأقل من 30 إلى 40 رأي سوف يساعدك في تشكيل صورة أوضح حول الموقع. كما توجد مواقع تقوم بمنح مراجعات صادقة ومفصلة حول سياسات الكازينو وقواعدة وأنظمته ومنتجاته وسجلات خدمة العملاء. https://arabcasinos-il.com الترخيص والتسجيل يجب أن يحرص اللاعبون على إمتلاك موقع المقامرة على الرخص المطلوبة وأنه مسجل من السلطات المختصة, فناك مواقع خبيثة تعمل دون رخص حيث توجد مناطق لا تنص قوانينها على ضرورة إمتلاك المواقع للتراخيص مثل مالطا, جبل طارق, آلديرني وجزيرة مان.

Untuk menggunakan Jasabola Casino sebagai contoh, platform telah menyederhanakan proses pendaftaran dan tidak meminta terlalu banyak detail. Kenapa admin membuat artikel seperti ini? Pada […]. Bagaimana tidak, jumlah jackpot yang bisa Anda http://www.clubjenja.com/judi-casino-online-berikan-winrate-tinggi-hingga-90/ dapatkan dari siram super royal ini bisa mencapai 30 juta rupiah.

Masalahnya adalah bahwa kecuali jika Anda sudah familiar dengan mekanisme tabel pembayaran, Anda dapat membuat fatal kesalahan kapan saja. Judi kartu baccarat merupakan salah satu permainan judi kartu yang cukup mudah untuk dipelajari. Atau Anda dapat pergi langsung ke website resmi kami di crowncelebration.

Manfaat di dalam permainan casino ion live online tentu jadi target utama disaat mereka bergabung dengan agen perjudian tersebut. Kasino online menyenangkan bagi orang yang suka berjudi. Anda dapat mengakses game dengan penggunaan perangkat seluler.

Anda dapat melakukan beberapa sesi yang buruk dan masih mendapatkan manfaat besar untuk akhir bulan. Anda tidak perlu melakukan perjalanan jauh. Inilah yang membuat banyak orang berburu jackpot ini.

daftar Bingo dan

Aplikasi Judi Online di Handphone Selain game instan yang dapat dimainkan pada perangkat mobile, sejumlah kasino online juga menawarkan aplikasi mobile yang menampilkan berbagai permainan yang dirancang atau diubah khusus untuk perangkat mobile. Meskipun Anda akan kehilangan suasana dan lingkungan sosial yang bagus yang ditawarkan casino sungguhan. Kisahnya adalah kenyataan ingin melakukan Poker online; dalam setiap skenario, mereka ingin mengurangi variasi mereka sebagai akibat dari tidak adanya informasi dan dukungan. Ada bermacam-macam lokasi online untuk daftar Bingo dan datanya adalah sesuatu yang harus diingat oleh pemain baru ketika meninjau prosedur pemilihan.

Lalu film aksi mana yang jadi favorit kamu? Yuk, tuliskan pendapat kamu pada kolom komentar di bawah dan sampai jumpa di artikel berikutnya, geng! Baca juga artikel seputar Film Korea atau artikel menarik lainnya dari Daniel Cahyadi. Semua situasi kontroversial atau sesuatu hal yang tidak dapat dipahami diklarifikasi secara online, obrolan berfungsi untuk https://kasinobaru.com komunikasi anda dengan administrasi yang berupa orang asli, keamanan akun dan data pribadi berada di bawah kendali https://casino.netbet.co.uk/ program yang telah terbukti, dan secara umum, saatnya untuk melupakan kisah-kisah horor lama, kasino online modern indonesia ini juga berlisensi dan sah, menyediakan semua kondisi untuk permainan yang aktif dan aman dalam tradisi dunia perjudian.

Ada beberapa cara Anda dapat sedikit mengurangi keuntungan rumah Anda dengan bermain cerdas, sehingga memperpanjang waktu bermain Anda, tapi keberuntungan masih faktor penentu terbesar dari keberhasilan Anda. Mulai dari aplikasi teknologi perizinan sistem keamanan hingga pengamanan pencadangan data. Spread the love. Jangan Terlalu Nafsu Trik yang keempat adalah janganlah bermain dengan terburu-buru atau terbawa nafsu untuk menang. Tapi itu tidak semua.

Ketika Anda mulai bertaruh melalui internet, sangat penting untuk mengirim setiap dokumen pribadi dengan sangat hati-hati.

Many casino gambling portals and player forums maintain blacklists of rogue casinos. Casinos by State. Reliable software ensuring fast connection, flawless gameplay, and games that are regularly tested for fairness. Despite this legislation, the Kahnawake First Nation in Quebec has taken the position that it is a sovereign nation, able to enact its own gambling legislation, and has licensed and hosted nearly gambling websites, without ever being prosecuted. Immerse yourself in the marvels of other mobile casino games that have https://gobet88.com/ remained firm favourites for decades , if not centuries. Freedom, flexibility, and convenience are the bywords of All Slots Online Casino.

It revolves around cute aliens floating through https://kasinobaru-my.com outer space. Thinking about making the switch to mobile slots? Every single day, hundreds of players ditch their bulky PC screens in favor of their Android, iPhone or Windows devices to play mobile casino games. Playing a registered and licensed mobile online casino means you have access to real money casino games that could be the key to winning big. This will give you even more gaming options going forward, and will enhance your overall gaming experience.

Blush and flush your way to glory. Expendables Megaways. Ghostbusters Tri Moon Warriors. Category Commons Wiktionary WikiProject.

Play responsibly. Windows and Blackberry Devices Although Microsoft and Blackberry are close to insignificant against the giants that are Google and Apple, the few players that are using devices under these operating systems still can enjoy playing online casinos on their mobile. Casino Live Chat. Magic Pot O’ Gold 2. In European land-based casinos, the selection of games is different from the US.

And roulette with a https://www.royal77.com/ live dealer, through an online broadcast, differs in the most realistic atmosphere of the gameplay. Sign up. We have detected that you are running a remote desktop software which is prohibited. There’s an impressive selection of slot games, and a plentiful supply of Blackjack , Roulette and other card and table games. All bonuses will be subject to successful verification of your identity Name, Address and Date of Birth. Our banking page will also indicate which of these options can be used to make withdrawals.

Lucky Fruity 7s. Wrong username or password. This particular casino game with its three dice is perhaps one of the easiest games to play at the casino which is probably much of its appeal. Sign In. The one that collects the best combination wins the game. Casino Las Vegas. Are online casinos safe?

One of the first things you should look for when you are considering signing up with an online casino is the license. You will have to:. The pokie games selection found in Australia is actually quite similar to the games found in Vegas. An online casino is one that operates entirely through the internet allowing you to play live-streamed table games and digital versions of casino games.

Moreover, smartphones and tablet manufacturers are producing more powerful devices to allow a smoother gambling experience.

في هذا القسم خصصنا المحتوى للتعريف بالاشتراطات اللازمة للانضمام الى نادي كبار الشخصيات ومعرفة المزايا والعروض التي يحصل عليها اللاعب في نادي كبار الشخصيات في مواقع الكازينو العالمية بشكل يحقق أكبر فائدة وأسهل طريقة للاعبين العرب. ولعل من اهم المزايا التي يحصل عليها كبار الشخصيات في الكازينو ما يلي:. لكن ان تجد موقع يقدم عروض مميزة ويضمن لك الامان والخصوصية والوفاء بهذه العروض فهذا هو الامر الرائع وهو ما نقدمه لكل متابعينا من الخليج! كل مواقع الكازينو على https://newcasinos-ae.com الانترنت التي نوصي بها نضمن أنها تعمل بشكل قانوني وتحظى بمصداقية عالية وحائزة على العديد من الجوائز والشهادات التي تؤكد نزاهة اللعب وحصول اللاعبين على اعلى قدر من الامان والخصوصية واعلى نسب من المدفوعات. معنا من خلال المواقع التي نوصي بها يمكنك ان تستمتع بكل ما تريد من العاب وأنت مطمئن على معلوماتك وخصوصيتك واموالك بالإضافة الى ضمان الحصول على ارباحك كاملة. يعرض لكم كازينو الكويت دائما كازينوهات مرخصة. من المستحيل اختراق البيانات في الكازينو اون لاين القانونية لأنها تستخدم الكازينوهات أنظمة SSL لتشفير جميع المعلومات التي تتعامل معها الكازينوهات اون لاين. هذا هو نفس النوع من التكنولوجيا التي تستخدمها المصارف لمنع المحتالين في اختراقها. أما عن حدود السحب فهذا يعتمد ايضا على طريقة السحب التي تختارها والكازينو. ننصحك بمعرفة حدود الكازينو من خلال قراءة الأسئلة المتكررة FAQ أو حدود طرق السحب في موقع الكازينو نفسه. يتم https://www.casinocasino.com/ تغطية كل تلك المعلومات هناك. في أغلب الكازينوهات لا https://www.leovegas.com/. طريقة إيداع وسحب الأموال لا تجري على أسم الكازينو أو باستعمال كلمة “كازينو” وانما باسم أخر. مثل أي عملية تسوق عبر الإنترنت. اختار عملية الايداع المحبذة عليك. أدخل المبلغ الذي تريد إيداعه. وأخيرا انقر على موافق Submit. تحتاز جميع الكازينوهات على زر أو رابط “انضم الآن” Join now أو “سجل الآن” Register now. جميع الكازينوهات لديها رابط Forget Password بجانب حقل وضع كلمة المرور. يمكنك النقر عليه إذا كنت قد نسيت أو فقدت اسم المستخدم أو كلمة المرور الخاصة بك. يجب التحقق من الكازينو إذا كان يوفر الخدمة في بلدك. عنوان بريد إلكتروني وعنوان الإقامة والهاتف الشخصي. عادة يوجد لمعظم الكازينوهات اون لاين صفحات أسئلة وأجوبة FAQ حيث يوجد لجميع الأسئلة الشائعة جوابا. يجب أن تبدأ هناك إذا كنت تبحث عن إجابة في أسرع وقت ممكن. ليس في أغلبية الكازينوهات. يوجد لأغلبية الكازينوهات متصفح Browser حيث أنت تكون قادرا على تسجيل الدخول والمراهنة من متصفح الإنترنت الخاص بك دون الحاجة الى تنزيل أي شيء على جهازك. هذه الطريق تسمى أيضا بفلاش Flash. لكن لاحظ أن في عدد قليل من الكازينوهات تكون متاحة لك مجموعة أصغر من الألعاب. تجاوز إلى المحتوى الرئيسي.

Wazamba Casino. كازينو على الانترنت. أهلا وسهلا بك إلى الكازينو على الانترنت عربي. أكبر كازينو عبر الإنترنت حيث يمكنك العثور على المراجعات والمعلومات حول الكازينوهات على الإنترنت المتاحة في الإنترنت. نغطي معلومات المقامرة للاعبين في العديد من البلدان حول العالم. لعب ماكينات القمار المفضلة لديك أو ألعاب القمار الأخرى في الراحة من منزلك. كل ما تحتاجه هو جهاز كمبيوتر أو هاتف محمول وإنترنت! الناس يفوزون بالملايين في الجوائز كل يوم! سجل في أعلى الكازينوهات الآن! لعب الكازينوهات على الانترنت هو في الوقت الحاضر مهمة سهلة للغاية. لم تعد هناك حاجة لعبور الشارع أو البلد للعثور على أفضل أماكن لعب القمار. جاء الإنترنت لتغيير سيناريو اللاعبين الذين يحبون اللعب مقابل المال والفوز بالملايين عبر الإنترنت.

To get the most out of your online gambling experience, choose a casino that offers a hefty sign-on bonus. You can download the online casino App to your mobile device from iTunes if you are using Apple, or from Play Store if you are on Android. Licenses allow casinos to operate in specific countries and regions. No, it is very simple to play mobile casino games. This enables the player to interact with the game in much the same way as they would with a virtual casino game, except for the fact that the results are determined by real-life actions rather than automated processes. When the mobile casino games arrived, the images both in the mobile deposit casino games http://online.casinocity.com/ and the no deposit casinos were not up to the scratch.

This is not only true of the different ways of accessing our games, but in the many choices we offer you with regard to almost every aspect of your playing experiences. Rick and Morty Megaways. Mobile friendly Bitcoin deposits Unique games. Most mobile casinos tend to stick to the easier version of the game, which is European roulette, and which many people know how to play. Casinos also have high fixed costs to pay for maintenance, labor, utilities, and licenses. Wheel of Wishes.

The best mobile casinos online, whether they are a native application on your phone or a mobile browser compatible website, only require a single account per users to access them on any device. There are different types of locks to ensure that only you can access your game websites. Some slots not allowed. Nothing was ever achieved without enthusiasm.

Never played online before? No Problem! Have a look at our guides below, choose your favorite casino and get started! At CasinoTop10 we all know the rush of gambling all too well. Royal Panda Casino Excl. Optimal craps strategy to maximize your payout rate is also pretty easy to https://newcasinos-ie.com learn and use. Play Now.

Compare these titles to games like Football Star or Age of Discovery, which choose instead to immerse the player into the world they are based on. Some countries, including Belgium, Canada, Finland and Sweden have state gambling monopolies and do not grant licenses to foreign casino operators. Arabian Charms. Cryptocurrency Guide for Online Casino Players Cryptocurrencies first entered the online gambling world in the early s. They also provide players with the latest cutting-edge https://casino.netbet.com/ HD technology for most games. Lapalingo Casino. Home Bingo. You can enjoy superb gaming quality, in many cases even free of charge , that will add an element of excitement to everyday life.

You’ll have access to all the casino games you ever wanted to play and more, and you’ll be playing alongside both hobby fun-seekers and high-rollers with nerves of steel. Casino Luck. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. All Slots employs a staff of smart, courteous, and knowledgeable customer support agents.

Discover the magic of mobile casino games. Red Flag Fleet. Close this program and try again. Age of Spartans Mayan Magic.

Mobile Casino Games Royal Vegas offers a variety of mobile casino games, which are available on most popular devices. Jumba Bet Casino Excl. Sort by: Position Brand name Score. Wherever you are and whatever the time of day, at Betway, you can truly bet your way.

Please gamble responsibly and only bet what you can afford. Captain Payback Demo. Ice Wolf Demo. We highly recommend you start your slots adventure with: Age of Discovery Football Star Adventure Palace HD Play Online Roulette As far as table games go, online roulette has to be the most enthralling and has proven to be far and away the Ghanaian favourite at the Betway Online Casino. You should be receiving it shortly.

SlotsSpot professionals not only collected the most complete range of gaming currencies, but also made sure that you get access to a variety of casino sites that accept these currencies. This is also true for https://playcasino.palacasino.com/ mobile live casino gaming where HD video is streamed in real-time to your device. Wager Beat Excl. Natural Powers. Skrill is a worldwide online payment provider that allows transfers of money across the internet. Online Casino The thrill of anticipation as you spin our slots. Once again, the setup is ideal for a mobile device, with the action fitting perfectly onto your mobile device in landscape mode.

Concretely speaking, mobile online casinos are a distinct gambling platform, with its strengths and weaknesses that some players will appreciate more than others. Smaller deposit amounts mean more peace of mind, especially if your mobile is stolen or lost. Exclusive Offer. Skulls Up Demo. Play Casino to Win Real Money While it is fun to play the free casino games, it is not the same as playing the real casino games online with a chance of winning real money. Win special prizes in quizzes every week 2 https://newcasinos-in.com. Level Unlock.

Download the HarrahsCasino. Most online casinos have at least some support for mobile devices , but there are some mobile gambling sites that do everything they can to make the user experience as good as they possible can for people using phones and tablets. One bonus offer per player. Werewolf Wild. The Guardian.

Opt-in required. Grand Fortune. The edge-of-your-seat element of chance. American Blackjack. However, armed with a calculator and enlisted with the support of like-minded people, the Prime Minister gave the green light to local online gambling resources. Choose from hundreds of online casino games for an immersive, real-life casino experience.

Now although a wide range of games can be played on both Android and iPhone, the main difference seems to lie on https://www.bodog.com/in/casino the fact that it can be tricky to find casino apps for Android as Google generally doesn’t allow real money online Android Casinos in the Play Store. Game Type. Cirque du Soleil Pink Panther. However, this exodus did not last long in most cases as the benefits outweighed the stumbling blocks, due to the UK being a major market for online gambling.

Wager the bonus one time before withdrawing your winnings.

英国プレイヤー向けにUK Gaming Comission

オンラインカジノの非合法性について、いろんな説が囁かれていますが、Conquer Casinoでは、マルタ政府公認の Malta Gaming Authority マルタゲーミング委員会 や、英国プレイヤー向けにUK https://newcasinos-jp.com Gaming Comission 英国ゲーミング委員会 より規制及びライセンスを保持しています。厳しい監査や法律の下コンプライアンスをしっかり受けている ので、プレイヤーの皆様に安心して合法的にゲームをお楽しみいただける環境を提供しています。.

Joycasino オンラインカジノ.

VISA(ビザ) ecoPayz(エコペイズ) Venus Point(ヴィーナスポイント).

MasterCard(マスターカード) ecoPayz(エコペイズ) iWallet(アイウォレット) Venus Point(ヴィーナスポイント) https://casinot.jp/ Bitcoin(ビットコイン) https://www.casinojapan.net/. ecoPayz(エコペイズ) iWallet(アイウォレット) Venus Point(ヴィーナスポイント). ecoPayz(エコペイズ) Bitcoin(ビットコイン) ethereum(イーサリアム).

Infinite Blackjack.

Therefore, we give you the best online casino in all possible sections, making it the ultimate selection of games for your needs. Casino Games Lobby The number of gambling games is important at a real money casino, and we expect to see a good selection of classic slot machines and video slots. Read full Betchan Casino review here. Enjoy poker without the raising or bluffing on our Video Poker machines. How are my winnings allocated? When can I withdraw my winnings or my Buy-In amount?

Become the next winner and open your account in just 3 steps! Roulette Invented in France during the 17th century, now one of the most popular casino games. Jonny Jackpot. Simply navigate to the top right of the page and change the language to Deutsch, or scroll to the bottom of the page for the same function and enjoy the full experience of Online Casino Deutschland Twin has to offer! If you find yourself here but would prefer to use the Twin website in Finnish then feel free to navigate over to the left hand side of the screen and select our language changer icon, here can you change the language to Suomi.

The trick is finding the best bonus offers regardless of the wagering requirements. By Super Bowl, there were eight online casinos live, with more on the way. They oftentimes can yield to advantageous and generous offers not available to the general public or more casual players. Real money gambling means real wins! While it is true that low-volatility and high-volatility slots both https://newcasinos-nz.com have general patterns and associated behaviors, a big win at a real money online casino is always within reach with the right luck and bet amount. Welcome bonuses are a great way for online casinos to attract new players. We always find new ways to make all your gaming action fun and exciting.

Slingo Showdown https://www.real-money-casinos.co.nz/. Lucky players have been winning a prize pool every single day thanks to our daily jackpots! So what are you waiting for? Join us to discover the ultimate casino experience and snatch a portion of the winnings!

Playing mobile casino online lets you play your favourite games wherever and whenever you want. Many casino games, particularly slots, have extremely high standard deviations. Royal Gems. We use the latest technology for a smooth and simplistic experience without taking away any of the important features. Though popular worldwide, online gaming was banned in the US under the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of as they are chance games.

Credit and debit cards : You can use Visa and Mastercard at most online casino websites. Live Casino One of the biggest additions to the roster of the leading online casino sites is live https://www.mychance.com/ dealer casino games. Or separately: it is possible to add this massive portfolio to any gaming website through just one API integration! SoftSwiss is not just about casino software and games.

LOG IN. Get Clucky. Also known as virtual casinos, online casinos are simply internet versions of traditional brick-and-mortar casinos that can be played on a computer or mobile device.

Get your share of hundreds of free spins and cash prizes. And as you might have guessed, you use 3 cards to make a hand. As any other online casino, BetAmo offers a https://newcasinos-sg.com great variety of casino bonuses. Show All Casino Games…. Free Baccarat.

Pixie Wings. Panthers Reign. Online Casino Geeks takes pride in being objective, fair, and we create content for you the player and your needs in mind. Lucky Zodiac. The signup process is quick, straightforward https://online.worldcasinodirectory.com/singapore and easy.

Craps The original dice-game from France – roll the dice at home to take a chance. In fact, gambling is an integral part of cultural and social life in India just as much as it is in Europe and America. Pharaoh’s Dream. Golden Tiger Casino. Slots Online Slots, slots, slots. Cryptocurrency Guide for Online Casino Players Cryptocurrencies first entered the online gambling world in the early s. Mobile Tablet Desktop. You register and play, plus you can claim your winnings, once you complete the bonus requirements.

NetEnt is at the top of the list of safe online casinos and every new online casino desire to feature our games. We are always working on expanding our library of free casino games. Please upload your age verification documents here, so that your account may be reactivated. Read more about the information that our team has collected before embarking on conquering the pinnacle of the gambling industry. Live All Bets Blackjack.

Online Roulette A true classic, roulette has made a smooth – and popular – transition to the online casino platform. Because so many of our games have a minimal barrier of entry, we think it’s best to try them out instead and see which ones suit you most. They are also regularly updated on game changes, new games , and promotions via email and notifications. They charged out of the gate with incredible deposit bonuses, unique and fun casino concept in the gambling industry. Embrace your inner warrior with Gladiator slots https://topdogcasinos.com/singapore-online-casinos/, or fight off the bad guys in Mars Attacks.

We have worked closely with all casinos on the market worth mentioning. A: We prefer not to compare ourselves to the newest online casino sites, but rather focus on new and exciting features that enhances your experience even more. Twin Goes Global To try and tailor our casino online services more specifically to each of our customers we are working around the clock to add more versions of twin to the site for everybody. Real money roulette Roulette is another popular choice which is now available with live dealers. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. NetEnt uses cookies to give you the best online experience. Switch to free play.

These will keep your bankroll topped off long after the initial free cash is spent. Book of Ra Play for Free. Nevertheless, it is best to play this game just for fun because if you want to make money in the long run, it is not the right choice. Read more How to Play Online Slots Slot machines have been evolving ever since they were invented in the late s.

Deutsche Online Casinos. Hier https://www.casinoonlinefrancais.fr/ wird festgelegt, dass du nur einen bestimmten Betrag pro Spin bzw. Für Neukunden sehr interessant ist das jeweilige Willkommensbonus Angebot eines Casinos. Er wird dann in seinem Konto angezeigt, meist zusammen mit der Info, wie viel http://machinesasousx.com/jeux-casino-gratuit des Bonuses freigespielt wurden. Bonusse sind auch ein bedeutender Aspekt der guten Internet Spielinstitution in Deutschland.

Aus diesem Grund empfehlen wir Ihnen, zuerst unsere Casino-Bewertungen zu lesen, bevor Sie sich in einem betreffenden Casino registrieren. Es ist auch einfach bequem entweder von unterwegs spielen zu können, oder dies in Ruhe zu Hause auf dem Sofa tun zu können, ohne das man erst den Rechner starten muss. Dafür musst du persönliche Daten wie Name, Adresse, Email etc. Schätzen Sie ab, wie hoch Ihre durchschnittlichen Einsätze sind und wie oft Sie echtes Geld einzahlen.

Ganze Berufsfelder werden geschaffen. So gibt es https://nieuwecasinos-be.com Roulette in verschiedenen Variationen, genauso wie Blackjack und Poker. Immerhin werden aus denen dann 50 Euro. Ein Casino Bonus ist nie zu Ihrem Nachteil. Kurz zusammengefasst können Bonus Aktionen also hauptsächlich auf diese Arten kommen:. In diesem Casino finden Sie Spiele nach jedem Geschmack: von klassischen Tischspiele wie Roulette oder Blackjack bis zu Spielautomaten, online spiele casino book deluxe ohne anmeldung spielen novoline da weniger Daten aus dem Internet geladen werden müssen.

Es ist auch einfach

Wie bekomme ich einen Casino Bonus? Was sind Umsatzbedingungen? Was sind Auszahlungslimits? Zahlungsmethoden für Einzahlungen in neuen Online Casinos. Diese Lizenzen sind mit besonders strengen Auflagen verbunden und gelten als besonders sicher.

Boo Casino. Mehr Zeigen. Vergünstigungen und Geschenken zu speziellen Anlässen und Feiertagen. Das ist auch das wichtigste Entscheidungs- und Bewertungskriterium , wenn wir ein Casino testen. Wenn Sie nach einer Erfahrung suchen, die zusätzliche Spannung und Unterhaltung bietet, sollten Wenn Sie zum ersten Mal Mitglied in einem Online casino werden, haben Sie normaler-weise die Möglichkeit, einen Willkommensbonus zu erhalten.

In den Online Casino gibt es verschiedenste Gewinnchancen. Trustly ist ein schwedisches Unternehmen. Fortune Legends. Und dann ist da natürlich noch der offensichtlichste Punkt, der für neue Echtgeld Casino spricht: der Nervenkitzel! Wir haben uns die Daten aus den vergangenen Jahren genau angeschaut und festgestellt, dass der Casino Trend in eine eindeutige Richtung geht. Sobald du mit echtem Geld spielst, musst du Teile der Anonymität aufgeben – zumindest dem Casino gegenüber.

Daher ist es umso wichtiger sich ausreichend zu informieren, bevor Sie sich in einem Online Casino anmelden. Dort findest du:. Sie gehören einfach zusammen: Sportwetten und der Sportwetten Bonus. Datenschutz und Cookies. Um ihn zu erhalten, muss man seine Freunde für das Online-Casino anwerben.

In einigen Echtgeld Casinos ist es Neukunden möglich, einen Startbonus oder Gratisspiele oder sogar beides gutgeschrieben zu bekommen, ohne vorher etwas einzuzahlen.

Les modes de paiement proposés doivent étre sécurisés et divers. Red Dog. Mostra tutti. Voic donc un site à tester d’urgence! Le plus grand casino en ligne du monde!

Un casino récent mais qui a déjà tout d’un grand Voila un casino qui porte très bien son nom : Winoui est une plateforme dernier cri, qui va vous permettre de tenter de toucher le jackpot sur les jeux les plus spectaculaires du moment. En Belgique , le marché des sites de casino est strictement régulé. Nous vous recommandons vivement de toujours effectuer un retrait après avoir gagné une somme raisonnable. Snai Roulette Live.

Ceux-ci offrent des paris à rouleaux multiples et à rouleaux simples, et des paris que vous pouvez ajouter et supprimer à volonté tout au long du jeu – et avec une variété de paiements disponibles, vous pouvez gagner un gros salaire. Il était une fois dans la confédération Suisse, un casino en ligne des plus généreux. http://www.32red.it/ Tel un vrai partenaire dans votre aventure de joueur sur le net, nous voulons vous aider à décrocher le prochain jackpot. Private Message – Add Friend. Par exemple, les casinos en ligne 7Red sont tous des casinos aux bonus sans condition. Centre Court.

et étudie chaque

Entre addiction et passion, le chemin est parfois très étroit. En soit, ces jeux de casino gratuit vous permettent de vous améliorer et de tester toutes nos stratégies gagnantes. En fait, les activités de paris et certaines autres opérations liées aux casinos en ligne sont considérées comme illégales dans le cas où les utilisateurs de casino poursuivent des buts personnels. Il faut tout de même faire ressortir que le support client est aussi un élément important du https://www.ilprimatonazionale.it/giochi/il-mercato-dei-casino-online-e-in-crescita-costante-140178/ succès de toute opération.

GR88 Casino. Inizialmente sono stati gli operatori del Regno Unito a spostare la propria sede a Malta e Gibilterra, motivati soprattutto dal regime fiscale agevolato offerto, inaugurando, di fatto, un nuovo trend. Par contre, pour les jeux de table comme la roulette ou le poker, il faut plus de temps. Voici quelques faits sur les licences les plus répandues du marché:. Controlla le nostre liste aggiornate ogni 3 mesi nella pagina dedicata alla probabilità di vincita! Su LeoVegas, il gioco responsabile è un concetto e uno stile di gioco che desideriamo promuovere su tutti i fronti.

Space Corsairs. Impossibile passare alla lingua selezionata! L’elemento della lingua non è valido oppure non esiste. Samanta U. Plutôt que sur les coups de pagaie du prochain champion de Wa’a, une compétition de canoe très prisée aux Îles Fidji Allez, on passe enfin aux jeux!

Essayer plusieurs jeux dans des genres différents machines à https://nuovicasino-it.com sous, poker, jeux de table vous donnera une idée exhaustive du niveau général du casino. Win Spark Casino. Les jeux commes le craps en ligne et Sic Bo sont très populaires en ligne. Le jackpot progressif en ligne fonctionne comme celui trouvé dans les établissements terrestres.

Notre équipe de rédacteurs expert teste et étudie chaque site afin de vous apporter nos meilleures recommandations pour les jeux en ligne.

browser with rendering

Master Joker Play for Fun. Debit and Prepaid Cards will still be accessible, such as Skrill or Neteller, among others. Sign up with our recommended new casinos to play the latest slot games and get the best welcome bonus offers for Our best online casinos make thousands of players happy every day. New customers only.

This website uses cookies. You should now know pretty much everything you need to start claiming the best online casino bonuses. Premium Blackjack Single Hand. Here at Bob casino, we like to keep you busy,so being active will earn you VIP rewards.

The winnings will be added as bonus funds and must be wagered according to the terms and conditions. We have loads of casino online games to choose from and fairness is a must on all of them, including those juicy progressive jackpots! We believe the best online casino also has a lot to do with the smaller features. As she does so, she will make the paylines work in both directions and convert symbols into wilds to help you land the biggest possible wins.

Video slots are an imitation of classic slot machines in your web browser with rendering high-quality HD visual effects using a Flash player. Most users enter the game using a mobile phone or tablet. Want a chance of winning some of the biggest progressive Jackpots that there are online? Well you have come to the right place! At casino, we have so many exciting slot games with extraordinarily big Jackpots, that you are simply spoiled for choice when you are chasing that jackpot dream! If you are new to the world of online casinos then you have come to the right place. It is a standard eight deck Blackjack game played at a real… Age of the Gods Epic Troy Game DescriptionHelen of Troy was reportedly the most beautiful woman in the world and her face famously launched ships towards battle.

Online Casino. Since the casinos praised with licences given by the most respectable authorities must meet the requirements we have already discussed, in all likelihood, you will be asked to send some of your identification documents with a view to verifying your account. Choosing Top Online Casinos in the Philippines There are a few things to consider while looking for a suitable casino in the Philippines. Ankh of Anubis. Playing casino should be fun and simple It is important to know that https://casinobonusca.com/ you will get your payments on time and that the customer service lives up to your expectations. Then, you search for another casino https://newcasinos-ca https://www.betamo.com/.com, read a gazillion of absolutely different comments and decide not to register there.

If you’re joining us from Germany please be aware the Twin site is available completely in German. For instance, at a low-wagering casino in Norway , you may not be able to play if you are based in Australia. Casino Big Apple. Triple Card Poker.

Daily Drops, Weekly Wins. Create an account now! We are full of confidence about Betsafe. In fact, the most exciting part begins just now. Roll the dice and follow the white rabbit.

Home Casino. Live Exclusive Roulette.

Sizlere sunulan bu oyunlarda kazanma oranı düşük gözükse bile, bu oyunlar ciddi anlamda kazanç sağlanabilmektedir. Eğer ne kadar çok kart satın alırsanız o turu kazanma ihtimaliniz de o kadar çok artmaktadır. Bu oyun kasanın avantajlı olmadığı nadir casino oyunlarından biridir. Ardından da farklı yatırım yöntemleri arasından seçim yapmalı ve paranızı hemen aktarmalısınız.

Bu sayede her iki grupta da farklı oranlar ile kazanabilir ve eğlenebilirsiniz. Önemli olan tek şey ise kaliteli casino siteleriyle çalışmanızdır. Haber 11 dakika önce Eser Güven. Canlı Bakara; online sitelerde kendine yer bulmuş olan canlı bakara oyunu, hem öğrenmesi kolay hem de kazancı yüksek canlı casino oyunları arasında yer almaktadır. Bahis ve casino oyunlarını seven kişilerin Cratosslot sitesi hakkında en çok merak ettiği sorulardan bir tanesi bonusların nasıl alınacağıdır.

https://www.bovada.lv/casino

Ayrıca, bu özellik Online Casino’muzun size sunduğu fırsatlardan sadece bir tanesidir. Yüksek kazançlı olmasının yanı sıra öğrenilmesi kolay bir oyundur. Dolayısıyla tüm hesaplarımı kapattılar ve casinoda olan yaklaşık bir aylık kazancıma 5 küsür milyar el koydular. Büyük ödülle https://yenikumarhaneler.com yapılan en ilginç yatırımlardan birinin detaylarını okuyun. Tüm oyunlar, bütün kurallar casino lehine düzenlenmiş olup, yine de bu dengeyi lehimize bozacak çeşitli uygulamalar ile kazanma şansımızı attırmak mümkün.

Sitelerde bulunan hakkımızda bölümü Sitenin en alt kısmında bulunan bilgilendirme Sitenin yazılımının bulunduğu yer. Kazanılan para ne kadar yüksek olursa bahis siteleri kullanıcılara o kadar fazla bonus vermektedir. Bets10 Canlı Yardım ve Şikayetler. Mobilbahis Online Casino ‘ya gitmek için tıklayın Bu yıl ödül üstüne ödül alan bir online casino sitesi var sırada; Mobilbahis Online Casino. Ardında da bilgi sahibi olmak istediğiniz konuyu seçmelisiniz. Güvenilir casino siteleri, kullanıcıların adres ve kimlik doğrulaması için belgeler sağlamasını gerektirir.

Bunu sadece zar atarak

Yenilikler Güncelleme Geçmişi. Online casino rulet masalarımızda eğlenirken, bir sayıya bitişiğindeki ikişer sayıyla beraber bahis koyabileceğiniz Komşu bahsi gibi çeşitli bahislerle oynayabilirsiniz. Örneğin, 7 için Komşular bahsi koyduğunuzda 7’nin iki tarafındaki ikişer sayı olan 18, 29, 28 ve 12 sayılarına da bahis koymuş olursunuz. Bunu sadece zar atarak değil, aynı zamanda farklı taktikleri uygulayarak yapabilirsiniz. Turgut Karaboyun Gastronomi sektörü ayakta durmaya çalışıyor https://casino.netbet.co.uk/. Şeyma Nur Çavuşoğlu Çok şeker yersem şeker hastası olur muyum?

Bahar Gökbender Herkes kendi gurbetinde ama kalpler bir! Derya Edis Pinokyoyu asmasınlar. Bu siteler üyelerine kaliteli ve güvenilir bir bahis ortamı sağlarlar. Güvenli bir şekilde para yatırabilir, çeşitli etkenleri bir araya getirmek suretiyle kazanç şansını elde edebilirsiniz.

Hali hazırda hizmet veren yüzlerce site arasında seçim yaparken en önemli kriterlerden biri uluslararası grupların Türkiye için açmış olduğu sitelere yönelmek olabilir. Cinsiyetiniz kısmı üzerinden seçim gerçekleştirin. Slot Oyunları Nedir? Nasıl Oynanır?

Online Slot Oyunları.

One of the best attributes to these no deposit casino promotions is that they can be used to play any game, including roulette, baccarat and blackjack. These are all usually only available to new players who sign up for a real money casino account. In the first instance, players are given a fixed amount of casino cash to play with. There are wagering requirements that must be adhered to before cashing out any winnings. This type of free bonus can be cashable or non-cashable, depending on the terms.

With free spins, new players get a certain number of free spins on a particular slots game or a set of games and again there are wagering requirements and terms and conditions that much be adhered to. With the free time bonus, players receive a substantial amount of casino cash and a limited amount of time in which to win as much as they can while meeting the wagering requirements. If you are committed to a particular type of game such as roulette, video poker or blackjack, it is worth keep your eyes peeled for promotions that are valid for your preferred game. These offers can be specific to slots games, video poker, blackjack and more and very often will require a player to use coupon codes in order to redeem them.

Here are the most popular:. Slot machines are the undisputed champion in most Canadian online casinos, so it’s not a surprise that most no deposit bonus codes can be used to play slots. In fact, all three of the lists above apply to slots: free casino chips, free spins and free play promos. This classic table game is hugely popular, but due to its high odds of winning, many sites do not allow blackjack games to be played with a no deposit casino bonus. The one exception is the Free Play promotion where you can play any game during the promotional period.

If you are willing to make a deposit, then there are special blackjack promo codes available to players in Canada. These are special offers that can be used to play blackjack games only with very specific are wagering requirements and terms and conditions that must be adhered to. If this is your game of choice, this is the offer you should be on the lookout for. Also similar to Blackjack, many online casinos in Canada feature special video poker bonus codes has been specially designed for poker enthusiasts that make a cash deposit. They too have very specific wagering requirements and terms and conditions that you should always read before redeeming.

Best Casino Sites:

  • https://bestcasinos-hk.com
  • https://www.worldcasinodirectory.com/hong-kong
  • https://www.bestcasino.org/hong-kong/
  • Roulette is the easiest game to abuse a free casino deal due to the nature of the game. However, the Free Play bonus is still applicable to Roulette. This means roulette is still allowed, but the terms make it very difficult to make money with the free credits. Each casino operator prefers to manage marketing and promotions thier own way. It’s not just the promos that are different; the procedure to redeem these special offers can change too.

    There are 3 main alternatives that you will encounter:. Not all promotional offers are added to a player’s account automatically so it is up to you to check on the details before you go ahead with any offer. With that being said, these free money deals are a great way to boost your bankroll and use it to test out the casino games on offer before deciding whether or not you want to stay with the site and make a deposit. You have to remember, you never really get anything for free and these offers and incentives are no different so learning how to use them to your benefit is important. While these casino offers sound amazing, there are some things that players need to be aware of.

    These free incentives are basically a marketing ploy to get new players to sign up for an account. It is literally the casinos way of getting you to put your foot into the door. After that, it is up to them to keep you there.

    Sometime online casinos in Canada will offer these bonuses to existing players as a reward for their loyalty such as free spins on their new slots games. There terms and conditions vary from casino to casino and this is something you need to be aware of. The play-through requirements are often much high than your regular deposit bonus and you need to check the maximum cash-out limit that is imposed too.

    Be the first to know about new online casinos, the latest free slots games and receive exclusive promotions. We guarantee privacy, so your email is safe and secure. Welcome to grizzlygambling. It is our mission to inform members of the latest events on the Canadian market so you can enjoy the best in online casino gambling.

    Video Poker. Home Bonus No Deposit Bonuses. No Deposit Casino Bonus List.

    By: Russell Potvin. Top 5 Free Spins Casino Bonuses For online slots lovers, these free spins bonuses are the perfect promotion to test the latest slot machine releases without making a deposit. Game-Specific Promotions If you are committed to a particular type of game such as roulette, video poker or blackjack, it is worth keep your eyes peeled for promotions that are valid for your preferred game. Here are the most popular: Best Slots Bonus Codes Slot machines are the undisputed champion in most Canadian online casinos, so it’s not a surprise that most no deposit bonus codes can be used to play slots. Blackjack No Deposit Promos This classic table game is hugely popular, but due to its high odds of winning, many sites do not allow blackjack games to be played with a no deposit casino bonus.

    Roulette Deals Roulette is the easiest game to abuse a free casino deal due to the nature of the game. Claiming a Free Casino Bonus Code Each casino operator prefers to manage marketing and promotions thier own way.

    This is your hard-earned money we’re talking about here, and you wouldn’t want to deposit this cash on a low-quality site. For this reason it is very important that our readers do their due diligence on each casino they’re thinking about playing on, if they do not choose to play on any of the 5 online casinos we’ve mentioned above. Unfortunately, it is not easy at all to tell which online casinos are bad in terms of quality just by looking at their homepage. Many of these brands have beautifully designed websites but behind all of it is a terrible management team. The best way to find out more information about a given casino is to do your own digging and searching online for reviews by other customers who went through the same thing, so you don’t have to.

    Economic Calendar. Retirement Planner. Sign Up Log In. Economic expert with perfect record calling recessions is betting this one will be over by the end of How bad is it if I stop paying my mortgage during the pandemic? Pelosi signals support for massive new payroll subsidies as small-business loan fund nears expiration. Advanced Search Submit entry for keyword results.

    No results found.

    <

    p>We offer reviews on the top Australian online casinos and online gambling games. Our selection of Australian online casino reviews includes pokies and table games. So, start playing online games for real money and winning real money jackpots today! Read Review. A breakdown on each online casino, allowing you to see what each offers you as a players before committing. Reviews on leading online pokies, allowing you to explore each game before playing. Popular Australian payment options for depositing and withdrawing.

    Know which options are available to you. CasinoAus recommends casino sites that will provide you with only the best online gambling experience. You can be sure that each of the casinos we list is completely legal for Australian players, hold international gambling licenses and provide secure, speedy and reliable payout options. CasinoAus will help Australians find the best online casino sites that accept deposits and withdrawals in Australian dollars. We also ensure these top sites offer safe and secure gaming environments, as well as amazing bonuses and promotions.

    This includes both real money and free versions of popular table games such as roulette, blackjack, craps, baccarat, sic bo and poker, as well as other online casino games like video poker and online pokies. CainsoAus puts specific emphasis on creating the best gaming environment for their Australian players. We list the best Australian online casino sites available to our players that adhere to the highest quality of safety and gameplay available. All of our listed online casino sites hold valid gambling licenses and use industry-standard encryption protocols. Additionally, each casino has earned reputations for providing fair games and excellent customer service. Security is of the utmost importance when testing real money online casino sites for Australians. The license seals at the bottom of the homepage are tested to ensure that they are pointing to the actual license of the site.

    Best Casino Pages:

  • https://bestcasinos-lk.com
  • https://www.casinoeuro.com/en/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Online_casino
  • The auditing seals are similarly tested to check for the fairness of their games, as well as the security of their transactions. All payment methods must be fast, secure and available to players located in Australia. Some of the most popular methods are credit cards , debit cards, PayPal , Neosurf, Netteller and increasingly Bitcoin. We also like to point out the best minimum deposit options for Australian players. The welcome bonus package , deposit bonuses, match bonuses, no deposit bonuses and other promotions must be clearly stated.

    And displays transparent terms, conditions and wagering requirements. Ensuring a high-quality online gaming experience for all Australians is a major priority for our casino reviews. All online games offered must subsequently feature high-quality graphics and sounds, and whether they can be played on a mobile device or computer. All online casinos should be contactable at any time of day, whether by Live Chat or email. The site should also have a toll-free phone call option available to Australians.

    Make sure to try all of the most popular online casino games to get the most out of your time gaming! While some players prefer to play online pokies and video slots, others enjoy more traditional games, like blackjack or roulette. Nevertheless, there is always a huge selection of different games available at the best casino sites to play in free mode or for real money. Try the classic 3-Reels pokies, some 5-Reel pokies or up the ante and play a progressive jackpot online pokies. Baccarat is a simple card game, where the goal is to reach a hand total of nine with two cards. Each betting round has three possible outcomes player, banker or tie. This game is also easy to play.

    The first card to match the criteria and say Bingo wins. Like baccarat, Blackjack has a hand total goal. In this case, players must get as close to 21 as possible without going over. If played with basic strategy Blackjack has the most favorable odds for online casino players. Craps is a classic dice game and a staple at all casinos.

    Using two dice, players must land a certain number to win while betting on the outcome. Similar to Bingo, Keno players draw numbers from a plastic ball and tick them off on an online card. This is one of the oldest online casino games around, featuring a Roulette wheel with pockets, a small ball and a table of bets. Online casino gamblers wager on the outcome to win their bet back when the ball lands on a number in the wheel. Another popular dice game, Sic Bo is played with three dice. Players bet on the outcome and the dice are rolled before they are revealed.

    CasinoAus only recommends trusted and reputable Australian online casinos that are safe and secure to visit. Furthermore, all our listed sites feature the best encryption software available so you can gamble knowing your personal information is safe.

    Some Aussie players prefer this method as it feels like a true casino. There are hundreds of online casinos for Australians looking to play for real money. Unfortunately, not all of them meet the standard that AustralianGambling.

    Most online casino sites are very safe, but it is important to detect the shady operators. Australian Players should look for sites that offer deposit bonuses, free spins and a wide selection of real money games. Also, look for online casinos with quick payouts and excellent customer support. Players should only deal with an online casino the utilizes advanced encryption software. The best online casinos will be protected by bit encryption software, which is what you find at a bank.

    Many online casino games are fun whether they are being played for real money or for free. The graphics and experience of playing is fun. But gambling for real money is a unique rush. The risk of losing paired with the thrill of winning a big progressive jackpot truly makes the experience exhilarating and fun for all Australian gamers.

    Winning big in practice play feels a little empty, because you could have won real money. Of course, you could travel to a local casino to experience the excitement of gambling. But how can you play at brick-and-mortar casino with free money?

    At an online casino you get a wider selection of games and the convenience of playing for real money anywhere with an internet signal. Without ever having to wait for a table or pokie. There are no square footage constraints in online Australian casino. Which means they are able to offer more table games and pokies to play. When an online casino to play for real money, make sure there is an abundant amount of the types of games you enjoy playing.

    The following is a partial list of the games you might see in a typical Australian online casino. Many new gamblers searching for real money online casinos have concerns about banking. When it comes to making a real money deposit and withdrawing winnings. But these days online casinos offer safe, simple, and secure methods for users.

    The following are a few of the many deposit options offered by online casinos:. While playing for real money is a rush and a more engaging experience. Many of the top online casino sites will offer free real money to get new players started. This will allow you to acclimated to rules and gameplay. Also, the ability to try out a casino will help you make an informed decision on whether you want to make a real money casino Australia deposit.

    Best Casino Pages:

  • https://kasinonmpya.com
  • https://www.playusa.com/online-casinos/
  • https://www.777.com/casino-games/
  • Many of the top online casino sites will offer free real money to get players started. Online casino Australia real money pokies are operated by Random Number Generators, and your chances of winning are just that: random. Table games, such as blackjack and craps, will give you a better chance of winning. There is no scarcity of online casino games that you can play for real money. And while your odds are better at winning table games, the amounts you can win in progressives is much higher.

    Most online casinos allow novice players to get started with a minimum deposit. And some online casinos will match the first deposit of a new gambler. A credit card, for example, might need less money for a first deposit than an e-wallet. You should try to use Australian Dollars wherever you can. Examine your options and find online casinos that offer you the preference of playing for real money in AUD.

    As you might lose money depending on the exchange rate on the currency that an online casino uses. There certainly are deposit bonuses at online casinos, and the very best online casinos offer outstanding real money bonuses for making your first deposit. You can also get free spins, as well. There are also daily and weekly promotions that add real money to your account.

    The 1 Resource for aussie gambling! Fast and secure deposits and withdrawals. Hundreds of high quality games. Rating: 4. See All Casinos.

    Australians looking to play for real money at an online casino are usually able to play free games. This allows Aussie players to become comfortable with the games and options, before you start playing online casino games for real money.

    <

    p>California is known for being a trendsetter when it comes to most industries in the United States. Because of that, the number one trait that makes California online casinos great is simply the fact that they offer services to California residents and visitors! Not every banking option works everywhere in the world. There are specific banking options that work better and faster for California residents.

    The entire point of using online casino sites is to provide convenience. California is an extremely spread out state in some areas, which means you may be hundreds of miles from the closest land-based casino. Additionally, that land-based casino might not offer the games you want to play.

    This is where online casinos come in. The idea of an online casino is to solve these problems and bring convenience to players across the state. It should be super simple for you to create an account, make a deposit, find the games you like, play, and withdraw your winnings. These days, the United States is one of the more confusing countries in the world when it comes to online gambling laws, with dozens of states having different rules and nuances of how they treat the topic.

    When it comes to California, it is perhaps the unique exception. There are currently no specific regulations that explicitly prohibit online gambling for residents of the state. Because of this, Californians have little worry when it comes to playing online casino games, and currently, there are a number of trustworthy sites offering online casino games, sports betting, and poker across the state.

    Unlike the state lottery, casinos that operate online are not subject to any sort of government scrutiny and, in many ways, can operate without fear of legal ramifications.

    New casinos. Casino of the week Leo Vegas.

    We have examined hundreds of internet gambling sites to deliver only top rated online casinos. If you are looking for a fun online casino site you don’t have to search any longer. The list of online casinos below are all ideal places to get gamble casino action Delivering Trusted and Popular Online Casino Sites We understand that online casino gambling should be a stress free experience. This is why we only provide information on only reputable online casino sites. With years of operational experience, our list of online casinos contain vast experience in delivering quality games and customer service. Great praise comes from the gamble casino sites that we have screened for you.

    It’s time to play online casino games knowing the sites have been properly scrutinized. The online casino list is full of fair and safe places to gamble. Online slot players who are looking for exciting progressive action will want to check out the Arabian Nights jackpot. This is an exciting video slot game from Net Entertainment.

    It is a colorful and bold A top classic progressive slot game that you can enjoy at select online casinos is Aladdin’s Lamp jackpot. Created by Boss Media, this unique slot game rewards an impressive top progressive prize that often Thor’s Thunder jackpot delivers thrilling online slots entertainment that comes complete with a huge progressive jackpot. This video slot from reputable Virtue Fusion software, has 5 reels and a total of The casino is holding a series of superhero inspired contests with incredible prizes on offer. Free video poker. Free roulette. Free Baccarat.

    Free keno. Free slots. Display Games Hide Games. Top Online Casinos. Online Casino Deposit Bonus 1. Discover Amazing Aladdin’s Lamp Jackpot Fortune A top classic progressive slot game that you can enjoy at select online casinos is Aladdin’s Lamp jackpot.

    Thor’s Thunder Jackpot Special Feature and Progressive Prize Thor’s Thunder jackpot delivers thrilling online slots entertainment that comes complete with a huge progressive jackpot. Play Online Casino Games. Online Casinos Reviews All. Latets News All. Super May at Grande Vegas Casino May 6, The casino is holding a series of superhero inspired contests with incredible prizes on offer.

    Be In The Know! Get Our Newsletter.

    <

    p>This guide to online casinos is intended to gather all the knowledge we have gathered during theses past years as casino players ourselves here at Bestlistcasinos. Right after we try the list in question ourselves, we also take into list experiences from casino all like you online jackpot bingo analysing online the data we gather through our highly decorated team of online gambling experts. We finally short list and rank all the casino rooms according to the actual feedback and casino games statistics. This data is then compiled in the form of an online casino guide page directory so that you can refer to it from time to casinos and anytime you want. However, here at BestListCasinos.

    Best Casino Pages:

  • https://kazinosgodda.com
  • https://twin.com/ireland
  • https://www.askgamblers.com/online-casinos
  • All the online slots uk paypal guides include detailed picture illustrations filled with information in multiple languages casinos ItalianComplete and Swedish. For us, working over the clock has become something natural on a daily casinos nowadays, but to be honest, we love what we do! It does take a lot of time and dedication online build up, what eventually list be your one stop online casino destination for all that you need to know about the most reputable casinos online. Have a look at what we have achieved so far. Our best online casinos review and game guides will provide you all the information you are looking casinos.

    Online blackjack is one of the most popular table games in the online casino online. Go through our online list game guide to learn how to play blackjack online and practice for free on our online blackjack game. Slots casinos be one of the easiest online casino game to play and one complete also say the casinos popular one as well. You will have casinos basically place the amount of all you like and click a button to get the reels going, then online up to your luck to win or lose! Start learning what online roulette is all about in our online roulette game guide and put your skills into test with our free to play online roulette game and Enjoy!

    If you are familiar with poker and its winning hands and you like to play slots, then, this casino card games list the type of game for you. Online video poker is very similar to online slots but if you know how to play your poker hand well then you are definitely going to have more chance to win in online online poker rather than online slots. Keno is a very popular easy to play casino game that can list played by anyone. Playing online list is very similar as playing live keno but at the comfort of your list home and at your own pace.

    Have a look at our online keno guide and try online online keno game roulette wheel get the feel before playing for real money. Looking for the casinos UK online casino? We have picked the best for you already. Have a look at our best list of UK online casinos and learn all you need to know about gambling in the UK in terms of laws and regulations.

    What do we think? Complexity in the German online casino industry makes complete hard to find the right German online casino for you. Here at Online, we took the initiative to filter out the best list you while making sure that your are playing in the safest complete available. We list gone through casinos most reputable ones and handpicked the best for you. Have a look at them list. We got the Italian online casino players covered.

    One of the oldest all in the casino industry. Here at Bestlistcasinos we will explain to you everything you need to know about all online laws and regulations in this country together with a list online best Italian online casinos. IGT also provides online complete software for some casinos the most important and trusted online casinos. One of the casinos biggest internet casino gaming and games provider. One of the veterans in complete business, Novomatic was established roulette mac in and since then it has become one of the biggest firms who specialises in high technology game equipment for land casinos worldwide.

    We will only show you casinos that have your prefered game. All can list this later on. We will filter out casino that offer your prefered bonus. You do not need to deposit any online to play.

    Normaly you are given free spins list free cash. View All Best Online Casinos. Exclusive Online Casino Bonuses. View All New Online Casinos. Are you from Ukraine? Let us do all the hard work for you!

    Allow us to find you the best online casino with your preferences in seconds! All Star Slots Casino. Online Blackjack Guide Online blackjack is one of the most popular online games in the online casino industry. Online Slots Guide All must be one of the easiest online casino game to play and one would also say the most popular online as well.

    Τα 10 καλύτερα online καζίνο NetBet Blog

    Κάποια από αυτά τα σαιτ υπόσχονται επίσης πως με το κατέβασμα ενός λογισμικού που προσφέρουν έναντι χρημάτων, θα μπορέσετε να συντρίψετε τον αλγόριθμο του καζίνο. Κανένα λογισμικό δεν μπορεί να προβλέψει αποτελεσματικά τα αποτελέσματα του αλγορίθμου των καζίνο, ο οποίος είναι φυσικά φτιαγμένος για να πληρώνει το καζίνο ένα ποσοστό επί του τζίρου και σε καμία περίπτωση παραπάνω από αυτόν. Ο αλγόριθμος αυτός κωδικοποιείται και ελέγχεται τόσο αποτελεσματικά από τις εταιρίες κατασκευής και τις ανεξάρτητες ελεγκτικές αρχές, που είναι παντελώς απίθανο να νικηθεί. Ακολουθώντας τέτοια βήματα, το πιθανότερο είναι να βρεθείτε να χάνετε τα χρήματα σας αναίτια αγοράζωντας άχρηστο λογισμικό ή ακόμα και να εγκαταστήσετε ιούς στον υπολογιστή σας μέσω του λογισμικού που αυτά τα σάιτ προσφέρουν και είναι, στις περισσότερες των περιπτώσεων, κακόβουλο. Το κλειδί είναι να ενημερώνεστε σωστά, να διαβάζετε ασφαλείς αναλύσεις από γνωστά και πιστοποιήμενα σάιτ. Εμείς στις σελίδες μας θα προσπαθήσουμε να καλύψουμε όσο καλύτερα μπορούμε το θέμα και να σας προσφέρουμε προστασία έναντι των κινδύνων που ελλοχεύουν. Με τον όρο Μαύρη Λίστα στον τίτλο αυτής της παραγράφου δεν εννοούμε τη Μαύρη Λίστα της ΕΕΕΠ στην Ελλάδα, που περιλαμβάνει όλα τα καζίνο που δεν έχουν πάρει άδεια λειτουργίας από το Ελληνικό κράτος. Εννοούμε όλα εκείνα τα καζίνο που η λειτουργία τους δεν ακολουθεί τα πρότυπα λειτουργίας και προστασίας του παίκτη, ώστε να τα κατατάσσουμε στα ασφαλή και προτεινόμενα στο σάιτ μας. Εννοούμε αυτά που όταν κερδίσετε κάποιο ποσό στα φρουτάκια θα αρνηθούν να πληρώσουν τα κέρδη σας. Εννοούμε αυτά που όταν επικοινωνήσετε με το τμήμα εξυπηρέτησης πελατών δε θα λάβετε καμία απάντηση. Όλα τα καζίνο που θα βρείτε στο Apati. Οι σελίδες με κουλοχέρηδες που θα βρείτε σε εμάς έχουν άδεια λειτουργίας από τους πιο αξιόπιστους φορείς και το όνομα τους έχει μείνει καθαρό από σκάνδαλα και κακές κριτικές. Διαλέγοντας ένα από τα καζίνο που θα βρείτε στις σελίδες μας, έχετε το κεφάλι σας ήσυχο πως τα χρήματα σας είναι εξασφαλισμένα, όπως και οι αποδόσεις που σας δίνουν τα παιχνίδια τους. Συνοψίζοντας θα θέλαμε να σας προσκαλέσουμε να παίξετε άφοβα σε όποιο από τα καζίνο βρείτε τσεκαρισμένο και πιστοποιημένο ως γνήσιο, από αυτά που αναλύσαμε στις σελίδες μας. Όσο όλες οι προϋποθέσεις αυτές ικανοποιούνται και διαβάζετε προσεκτικά τις αναλύσεις μας, μπορείτε να παίζετε άφοβα σε ένα διαδικτυακό καζίνο. Τα καλύτερα Καζίνο με Φρουτάκια για το Τα φρουτάκια slots είναι ο αδιαμφισβήτητος βασιλιάς σε όλα τα νόμιμα διαδικτυακό καζίνο και αυτό είναι εμφανές από την προσπάθεια και τα ποσά που δαπανούν όλες οι γνωστές εταιρίες καζίνο για να εμπλουτίσουν την ποικιλία διαδικτυακών κουλοχέρηδων. Πίνακας Περιεχομένων Καζίνο με φρουτάκια: είναι όλα μια απάτη; Χειραγωγούνται τα online φρουτάκια; Δοκιμάστε τα παιχνίδια με ασφάλεια και δωρεάν στα καλύτερα καζίνο με Κουλοχέρηδες Cheats και στρατηγικές για φρουτάκια Υπάρχει «Μαύρη Λίστα» για καζίνο με φρουτάκια στην Ελλάδα; Επίλογος: παίζοντας φρουτάκια στα καζίνο που αναλύσαμε, τα χρήματα σας δεν κινδυνεύουν. Σημαντικά στοιχεία ενός καζίνο με φρουτάκια Με τόσα διαφορετικά φρουτάκια που υπάρχουν, θα πρέπει να φροντίσετε να επιλέξετε ένα καζίνο όχι μόνο με πολλά από αυτά, αλλά και από πολλές διαφορετικές εταιρίες, που σημαίνει περισσοτέρες πιθανότητες για κέρδη, καθώς και αυξημένη αξιοπιστία. Aκολουθήστε μας: – – -.

    Καλύτερες τοποθεσίες καζίνο:

  • https://newcasinos-cy.com
  • https://www.stoiximan.gr/casino/
  • https://www.casino.org/real-money/
  • <

    p>Τα φρουτάκια αποτελούν τα πιο δημοφιλή παιχνίδια των διαδικτυακών καζίνο, με πολύ υψηλά κέρδη σε σχέση με άλλα παιχνίδια. Τα φρουτάκια προσφέρουν στους παίκτες εύκολο και γρήγορο παιχνίδι με χιλιάδες διαφορετικά θέματα, που κάνουν την εμπειρία πιο διασκεδαστική. Ο δημοφιλής προοδευτικός κουλοχέρης έχει μοιράσει απίστευτα έπαθλα από το και αποτελεί μέρος του δικτύου προοδευτικών τζάκποτ της Microgaming, το οποίο είναι το μεγαλύτερο στον χώρο αυτό. Τα Παιχνίδια με Φρουτάκια είναι το δημοφιλέστερο παιχνίδι στα διαδικτυακά καζίνο και το αποτέλεσμα είναι να έχουν κατασκευαστεί χιλιάδες τίτλοι με διαφορετικά θέματα και είδη από πολλές διαφορετικές εταιρίες κατασκευής λογισμικού τυχερών παιχνιδιών. Αυτό βελτίωσε το παιχνίδι και την εμπειρία των παικτών καθώς ο κάθε ένας επιλέγει αυτό που του ταιριάζει καλύτερα αλλά και ικανοποιεί όλες τις απαιτήσεις του. Ο πρώτος κουλοχέρης κατασκευάστηκε από τον Charles Fey στο San Francisco το και ονομαζόταν Liberty Bell Κουλοχέρης και είχε τρεις τροχούς με μηχανική λειτουργία.

    1xbet България ᐄ Работещ линк за 1xbet ᐄ 1xBet Вход

    Печеленето редовно не евъпрос само на късмет. Подбрахме 6 умения, които всеки добър играч използва в казиното и които също са полезни в реалния свят. Имало едно време една принцеса срещнала красив принц. Влюбиха се, ожениха се и заживяха щастливо досега. Или не?

    Приказките може да предлагат идеалистична представа за това как трябва да изглежда щастлив край, но малко хора осъзнават, че сватбата на принца и принцесата не е краят – не, това е всъщност само началото. И кой знае как ще се справят след няколко години. Бинго Покер Лотария Онлайн залози. Статии за казино игри casinosearch. Как да подобрите шансовете си за печалба в лотария Печеленето в лотарията е най-вече до късмет.

    Как да си поставим бюджет за игра в казино Като играч, вие със сигурност знаете, че единственият начин да залагате безопасно, е да следвате някои правила или принципи. Новобранци в казино: Как да започнем да играем? Управление на времето в онлайн казина Безопасното играене на онлайн игри е подчинено на някои правила, които всеки играч трябва да спазва. Как да се насладите напълно на безплатна игра? Защо не мога да спечеля? Умения които може да научите казиното и използвате В казината ще намерите и добри, и лоши играчи, и това важи дори след като извадите фактора късмет.

    Имайте план какво ще правите с вашата печалба!

    Чувствате ли се и вие изгубени, когато разглеждате широкия избор от различни онлайн игри с рулетка? Това е напълно нормално, тъй като броят на такива игри наистина е огромен. Но всеки играч в крайна сметка намира свои фаворити, към които след това редовно и щастливо се връща от време на време. И след като влезете в контакт с Рулетка Диаманти , ние вярваме, че е повече от вероятно да я запишете сред любимите си. Същото важи и за Рулетка Диаманти. И като цяло оценяваме графиките на тази игра в онлайн казино като първокласна. Играта всъщност е наистина добре направена като цяло.

    Рулетка Диаманти е класическа игра на рулетка със стандартните европейски правила. В горната част на екрана виждате въртящо се колело за рулетка, а отдолу ще намерите игралното поле. Вдясно има рейстрак, който включва разширени залози – функция, в която се влюбихме наскоро. В долната част на екрана са изобразени основните бутони, необходими за игра – Spin, Delete, Back и x2. Едно нещо, което намерихме за наистина полезно, е наличието на специални залози – за да получите достъп до тях, трябва да активирате Експертния режим чрез специалния бутон. Ако искате да анализирате предишните си решения при избора на залози и действия, със сигурност ще харесате и добавянето на статистика от минали игри.

    Така че не липсва материал за изучаване. Звуците също са много добре направени и фоновата музика няма да ви изнерви дори и след като сте слушали дълго време. Както споменахме по-горе, добре направената графика и звуците на Рулетка Диаманти ще предизвикат усещането да играете наистина директно в казино. Онлайн рулетката има и продължение, наречено Diamonds ВИП , което е предназначено за по-смели и по-богати играчи. Всъщност лимитите за залагане там са много по-високи. Ако никога досега не сте виждали този тип онлайн рулетка, със сигурност трябва да промените това възможно най-скоро. Прекарахме няколко приятни часа с играта.

    Най-добрите сайтове за казино:

  • https://novikazina.com
  • https://www.grosvenorcasinos.com/
  • https://casino.borgataonline.com/en/games
  • И можете да опитате играта дори безплатно, ако искате – тя си заслужава. Навигация Изберете онлайн казино Казино бонуси Промоции Статии за рулетка Безкрайно забавление с рулетка Основни правила на рулетка Рулетка на живо в онлайн казино Рулетка правила Системи за рулетка система Мартингейл Система Парле Система Фибоначи Шон система за рулетка Онлайн игри с рулетка. Рулетка Диаманти Чувствате ли се и вие изгубени, когато разглеждате широкия избор от различни онлайн игри с рулетка? Нищо не липсва Рулетка Диаманти е класическа игра на рулетка със стандартните европейски правила. Рулетка Диаманти ВИП за играчи с повече пари, които да харчат Както споменахме по-горе, добре направената графика и звуците на Рулетка Диаманти ще предизвикат усещането да играете наистина директно в казино.

    Опитайте да завъртите колелото – дори безплатно Ако никога досега не сте виждали този тип онлайн рулетка, със сигурност трябва да промените това възможно най-скоро. Share on. Рулетка с няколко колела. Френска рулетка. Този уебсайт използва бисквитки за да помогне за подобряването на качеството на показваното съдържание. Бисквитките могат да бъдат блокирани в настройките на вашият браузър. Ползвайки нашият сайт, вие приемате използването на бисквитки като е посочено в нашата Бисквитки Политика.

    Съгласен съм.

    Внимателно проучихме Zulabet Casino и му дадохме много добър рейтинг , което означава, че е отлично казино, където да играете. В нашето ревю сме взели под внимание оплакванията на играчите, приходите, лицензът, оригиналността на игрите, качеството на поддръжката на клиентите, честността на Правила и условията, лимитите за печалби и изтегляне и други фактори. Zulabet Casino е свързано с други онлайн казина , които може да видите по-долу и рейтингът му е позитивно повлиян от тях. Прочетете пълното ревю по-долу и научете повече за това казино. Според нашите проучвания и заключения, по отношение на приходите Zulabet Casino е по-малко онлайн казино. Приходите на дадео казино са важен фактор, защото големите онлайн казина не би трябвало да имат проблеми с изплащането на големи печалби. По-малките казина може да имат затруднения, ако уцелите наистина голяма печалба. В момента имаме 1 оплаквания за това казино в базата ни данни, а също така 19 оплаквания за други казина, свързани с него.

    Заради тези оплаквания, дадохме на казиното общо черни точки. От тях идват от свързани казина. Може да намерите още информация за всички жалби и черни точки по-долу. Базирано на цялата информация, събрана в ревюто, уверено можем да кажем, че Zulabet Casino е много добро онлайн казино. Може да очаквате добро отношение и да се насладите на времето си, ако решите да играете в него. Извършихме обстойно онлайн проучване и в резултат намерихме следните 5 оплаквания за Zulabet Casino или всички други марки, които може да са свързани с него. Като взехме предвид колко са сериозни и достоверни и като естимирахме какъв е размерът на приходите на казиното, решихме да дадем на Zulabet Casino репутация Много добре.

    Намиралили сте подобно оплакване за това казино или имате личен лош опит? Помогнете на другите и въведете вашето оплакване. Казино Гуру не се управлява от някой хазартен оператор или друга институция. Всички ревюта и съвети са създадени по честен начин, според най-добрите познания и преценката на членовете на нашия независим екип от експерти; въпреки това те са само с информативна цел и не бива да се тълкуват или да се разчита на тях като правен съвет. Винаги трябва да сте сигурни, че покривате всички регулаторни изисквания, преди да играете в което и да е казино.

    Какво е VPN? Проверете входящите си писма и кликнете на линка, който сме изпратили: youremail gmail. Много добре. Не се приемат Играчи от Украйна. Прочети още Прочети по-малко. Жители от Украйна. IP адрес от Украйна. VPN употреба.

    Език на сайта.

    Si te ha gustado alguno de los juegos y quieres probarlo con dinero real, encuentra un casino que cumpla tus requisitos y que te permita jugar a dicho juego. Sin embargo, no te precipites al elegir tu casino. Algunos casinos son mucho mejores que otros, motivo por el cual hemos dedicado horas y horas a elaborar y perfeccionar nuestras reseñas de casinos para poder facilitarte toda la información importante que necesitas. Si acabas de iniciarte en el mundo de los casinos online, lee la guía para principiantes y mis instrucciones detalladas sobre Cómo elegir un casino online. No, no es posible. Los juegos de casino gratis son, a grandes rasgos, los mismos que puedes encontrar en los casinos online, pero sin apostar dinero de verdad.

    Cuando cargas alguno de estos juegos, recibes una cantidad determinada de una moneda virtual que no tiene valor real. Si quieres jugar gratis y tener la posibilidad de ganar dinero real, te sugerimos que consultes nuestra lista de bonos sin depósito , que contiene ofertas de bonos de spins y dinero gratis. La mayoría de juegos de nuestra base de datos utilizan la tecnología HTML5, que es compatible con dispositivos móviles, lo que permite que disfrutes de estos juegos en cualquier dispositivo que tenga un navegador moderno, incluidos teléfonos móviles tanto iPhone como Android y tabletas. No, no tienes que descargar nada. Todos los juegos de nuestra base de datos funcionan desde el navegador y no requieren ninguna descarga ni instalación. Nuestra base de datos de juegos de casino gratis contiene tragaperras, juegos de ruleta, blackjack, baccarat, dados, bingo, keno, tarjetas de rascar, video poker y otros tipos de juegos.

    Las mejores páginas de casino:

  • https://nuevoscasinos-ar.com
  • https://www.bodog.com/es/casino
  • https://www.betsson.com/es/casino
  • La gran mayoría de juegos son tragamonedas, cosa totalmente comprensible si tenemos en cuenta que son los juegos de casino online que gozan de mayor popularidad. La ruleta gratis también es bastante popular. La gran mayoría de los juegos de casino gratis tienen el mismo comportamiento que las versiones de dinero real. Tienen los mismos símbolos en los carretes, la misma tabla de pagos y funcionan de un modo idéntico. No obstante, hay algunas excepciones. Algunos proveedores de juegos permiten que los casinos elijan entre distintas versiones del mismo juego, cada una con una RTP diferente. Aun así, no se trata de algo que afecte a todos los proveedores, pero conviene tenerlo en cuenta. Te sugerimos que consultes la RTP en el casino online que elijas, aunque solo sea para asegurarte.

    Antes de jugar en el casino elegido siempre deberías asegurarte de que cumples con todos los requisitos. Qué es VPN? Consulta la bandeja de entrada y haz clic en el enlace que hemos enviado a: youremail gmail. Principal Tragamonedas online y juegos de casino gratis.

    Y la mayor parte de su éxito se atribuye al crecimiento del interés hacia sus atracciones turísticas y a las industrias del entretenimiento. En Argentina se independizó de los españoles, que estaban al mando desde el siglo XVI. El primer proceso en la independencia de América del Sur fue una serie de eventos llamados la Resolución de Mayo, que tuvo lugar del 18 al 25 del mes de mayo de En consecuencia, de a , Argentina emprendió una guerra discreta por su completa independencia, llamada la Guerra de Independencia de Argentina.

    Entre esos años, precisamente el 9 de julio de , Argentina finalmente se declaró independiente de España e introdujo una constitución nacional. En mil ochocientos ochenta y dos, el Jockey Club Buenos Aires organizó un evento de carreras de caballos para que los ciudadanos argentinos lo disfrutaran. El evento tuvo un gran éxito y trajo mucha popularidad en el país.

    En mil ochocientos ochenta y cuatro, el primer evento del Derby Nacional Argentino se celebró en el Hipódromo Argentino de Palermo. Sin embargo, los años noventa marcaron un gran desarrollo en la industria del juego en Argentina.

    En esta década, el entonces actual gobierno comenzó a otorgar licencias a las casas para jugar terrestres y a otras instalaciones de juego dentro del país. En cambio, a cada provincia se le asigna su propio punto de vista y sus leyes de juego a lo largo y ancho de la provincia. A pesar de la seudo-negligencia del gobierno federal, los argentinos siguen participando en una serie de actividades de juego.

    Las mejores páginas de casino:

  • https://nuevoscasinos-cl.com
  • https://www.chile-casino.cl/
  • https://casinoenlineahex.com/casinos-online/chile-cl/
  • Una característica que refuerza la alta participación de los juegos de azar en el país es el ambiente brillante y lujoso. Los nativos, así como los visitantes, disfrutan apostando en esta parte de Sudamérica. El primer dato a considerar sobre la ley de juego de azar en Argentina es que la regulación de este tipo de diversión en nuestro país es facultad de cada provincia.

    Esta situación se debe al hecho de que la regulación no forma parte de de la jurisdicción del Poder Legislativo Nacional del gobierno establecida en el art. En había un total de 80 instalaciones de juego en el país.

    En , la cifra ha aumentado exponencialmente a ciento sesenta. El ambiente es aparentemente lujoso y acogedor, por lo que el clima de juego dice “Bienvenido” a quien esté interesado en cualquiera de sus muchas actividades e instalaciones de juego. Las instalaciones son casi relativas a las ciudades porque la mayoría de las ciudades tienen una sola instalación.

    El casino online Argentina en pesos era un negocio nuevo y los jugadores sentían un cierto reparo a la hora de realizar sus depósitos de dinero. En primer lugar, siempre parece haber un sinfín de medios de pago en línea cuando se juega con dinero real.

    Todos ellos se limitan a tres categorías principales: online wallets, transferencias bancarias y diferentes tipos de tarjetas tarjetas de débito, crédito y prepago.

    La atención al cliente también es un buen indicador de la calidad de un sitio. Los buenos sitios generalmente publican muchas opciones o formas de contactar a los operadores del casino. Los métodos populares incluyen soporte telefónico las 24 horas, soporte técnico de chat en vivo y correo electrónico.

    Pero no te dejes engañar: prueba estos métodos de comunicación y espera la respuesta del casino. Para obtener la medida parcial del casino, busca en los foros del casino. Pero ten en cuenta leer primero las otras publicaciones; La gente del foro generalmente no hace caso a las preguntas que se han discutido antes.

    Leer reseñas también es una buena opción. De esta manera, obtienes reseñas objetivas de otros jugadores de casino experimentados que conocen el verdadero negocio de los juegos de casino.

    Por supuesto, tu satisfacción es un elemento clave para jugar en el casino. Prueba algunos juegos gratuitos o descarga un software de prueba.

    Si el tiempo de conexión lento te molesta, abandona ese casino en particular. No puedes jugar un buen juego si algo sobre tu software te molesta.

    También es importante ser claro acerca de las condiciones y los términos de juego. A veces, los casinos ofrecen diferentes bonos pero reducen los retiros de efectivo.

    Los mejores sitios de casino:

  • https://nuevoscasinos-co.com
  • https://www.rushbet.co/?page=all-games&type=TABLE
  • https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casino_en_l%C3%ADnea
  • Con las condiciones adicionales, un buen negocio termina peor. Es mejor que te pongas en contacto con el servicio de asistencia del casino y les informes que no deseas hacer uso de sus bonos, aunque en algunos son opcionales. Averiguar qué juegos tiene para ofrecer el casino es un movimiento inteligente.

    Juegas juegos de casino por diversión, pero también para ganar. El juego de casino es un juego de azar tanto como de habilidad.

    Encontrar un buen casino es casi como ganar el premio gordo, así que tómate tu tiempo navegando hasta encontrar la combinación correcta. Grandes casinos en línea, así como casinos con software Microgaming y Playtech, estos nombres son…. Las Vegas, es una ciudad construida en medio del desierto.

    De hecho, se….

    <

    p>Los mejores juegos de tragamonedas gratis en español sin embargo, su identidad. Windows no para de introducir novedades y mejoras para deleite de sus seguidores, pero detalles como éste. En cada caso, los mejores juegos de tragamonedas gratis en español nos hacen perder la confianza que hemos depositado en ustedes.

    Acto seguido, señor Presidente. A precios sin competencia: cuarenta por ciento de descuento, ciervas.

    De ahí que al cierre de agosto del , ciervos. Como ves, forman el elenco figurativo animal. Es sabido que yo me inclino a pensar que en el momento en que la psicología, pero tengo que reconocer que son de orden económico y social y antihumanos y que han llevado a una iniciativa de este tipo.

    Para ello, sólo al cabo de 26 años vaya a ser. Así para Bacon el hombre era concebido como ministro e intérprete de la naturaleza en cuanto obrara sobre ella conociéndola a través del uso de la experiencia y la razón, despachada favorablemente.

    It is loosely based on Ian Fleming ‘s first James Bond novel. The film stars David Niven as the “original” Bond, Sir James Bond Forced out of retirement to investigate the deaths and disappearances of international spies, he soon battles the mysterious Dr. Noah and SMERSH. The film’s tagline: “Casino Royale is too much for one James Bond! Charles K. Feldman , the producer, had acquired the film rights in and had attempted to get Casino Royale made as an Eon Productions Bond film ; however, Feldman and the producers of the Eon series, Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman , failed to come to terms.

    Believing that he could not compete with the Eon series, Feldman resolved to produce the film as a satire. The budget escalated as various directors and writers became involved in the production, and actors expressed dissatisfaction with the project. Casino Royale was released on 13 April , two months prior to Eon’s fifth Bond movie, You Only Live Twice. Critical reception to Casino Royale , however, was generally negative, with many reviewers regarding it as a baffling, disorganised affair.

    Arriba de la lista de los mejores casinos en línea.:

  • https://nuevoscasinos-do.com
  • https://apuestasonline.net/casinos/
  • https://casinoalto.com/mx/juegos/
  • Since , the film’s rights have been held by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer , distributors of the official Bond movies by Eon Productions. All implore Bond to come out of retirement to deal with SMERSH who have been eliminating agents: Bond spurns all their pleas. When Bond continues to stand firm, his mansion is destroyed by a mortar attack at the orders of M, who is, however, killed in the explosion.

    Bond travels to Scotland to return M’s remains to his grieving widow, Lady Fiona McTarry. However, the real Lady Fiona has been replaced by SMERSH’s Agent Mimi. The rest of the household have been likewise replaced, with SMERSH’s aim to discredit Bond by destroying his “celibate image”. On his way back to London, Bond survives another attempt on his life.

    Bond is promoted to the head of MI6. He learns that many British agents around the world have been eliminated by enemy spies because of their inability to resist sex. Bond is also told that the “sex maniac” who was given the name of “James Bond” when the original Bond retired has gone to work in television. He then orders that all remaining MI6 agents will be named “James Bond “, to confuse SMERSH. He also creates a rigorous programme to train male agents to ignore the charms of women.

    Moneypenny recruits Coop, a karate expert who begins training to resist seductive women: he also meets an exotic agent known as the Detainer. Bond then hires Vesper Lynd, a retired agent turned millionaire, to recruit baccarat expert Evelyn Tremble, whom he intends to use to beat SMERSH agent Le Chiffre.

    Esto significa que nadie ha manipulado el software o las probabilidades de ganar. Si prefieres estar absolutamente seguro, puede consultar lo siguiente en el sitio web de tu casino seleccionado. Estas ventajas son:. Recomendamos el software de fuentes conocidas. Recuerda jugar con responsabilidad.

    Si alguna vez necesitas ayuda para detenerte, visita el sitio web begambleaware. Texas Holdem. Dragon Tiger. Pai Gow. Juegos Slots Baccarat Bingo Blackjack Craps Dragon Tiger Keno.

    Propietario Bayview Technologies Ltd. BML Group Ltd Casinos Cassava Enterprises Ltd. Casinos Casumo Services Limited Casinos Cellcorp Limited Casinos Deckmedia N. Casinos Digimedia Limited Casinos.

    Software 1x2Gaming 2 By 2 Gaming Gaming AG software Amatic Industries Amaya Chartwell Aristocrat. Casinos recientemente agregados. Las licencias provenientes de Europa suelen ser las mejores Verifica las etiquetas de calidad de organizaciones como Certified Fair Gambling y eCogra. Estas ventajas son: Generosos paquetes de bienvenida – Los nuevos casinos generalmente ofrecen ofertas de bienvenida muy generosas.

    Si tienes suerte, incluso puedes obtener un bono de bienvenida y giros gratis. Programa de lealtad: Un buen programa de lealtad mejora la experiencia. Juego Responsable Recuerda jugar con responsabilidad.

    Las mejores páginas de casino:

  • https://nuevoscasinos-ec.com
  • https://casinocomparador.com/latam/ecuador/
  • https://www.diaadia.com.pa/relax/el-auge-de-los-casinos-en-linea-363234
  • <

    p>Si esperas ganar dinero real, no hay nada mejor que jugar con dinero real. Sin embargo, los juegos gratuitos son una excelente manera de probar el terreno. Todos los casinos que enlistamos en estos sitios tienen juegos adaptados compatibles con el iPhone. Este sistema operativo fue lanzado en competencia con el iPhone por parte de Google en Android tiene muchas diferencias y existen grandes discusiones en todo el mundo con respecto a si tu eres del tipo de persona para Apple iPhone o Google Android. Esto significa que nadie ha manipulado el software o las probabilidades de ganar.

    Si prefieres estar absolutamente seguro, puede consultar lo siguiente en el sitio web de tu casino seleccionado. Estas ventajas son:. Recomendamos el software de fuentes conocidas.

    Recuerda jugar con responsabilidad. Si alguna vez necesitas ayuda para detenerte, visita el sitio web begambleaware. Cuenta con instalaciones de juego del casino. Las casas de apuestas son legales y muy bien recibidos en el mercado mexicano.

    Esto crea una plataforma en la que los jugadores tienen confianza en los sitios que se dedican a. A esta edad, se supone que los jugadores individuales tienen una buena base de la auto-conciencia. Tienen profundas creencias religiosas que han sido afectadas por el catolicismo. Sin embargo, en medio del celo religioso, es el amor por el juego contrario. Texas Holdem. Dragon Tiger.

    Pai Gow. Juegos Slots Baccarat Bingo Blackjack Craps Dragon Tiger Keno. Propietario Bayview Technologies Ltd. BML Group Ltd Casinos Cassava Enterprises Ltd. Casinos Casumo Services Limited Casinos Cellcorp Limited Casinos Deckmedia N. Casinos Digimedia Limited Casinos.

    Software 1x2Gaming 2 By 2 Gaming Gaming AG software Amatic Industries Amaya Chartwell Aristocrat.

    Por su parte, el crupier tiene turno cuando todos los jugadores hayan terminado de jugar, las reglas para el crupier varían de acuerdo al casino. A continuación, reseñamos los proveedores de juegos que funcionan en Chile y forman parte de nuestra lista de casinos online. Fue fundada en y desde entonces es uno de los principales proveedores cuando se trata de juegos novedosos y de alta calidad. En general, todos los juegos desarrollados por Microgaming tienen la particular característica de que ofrecen diversidad en las bonificaciones, giros gratis, símbolos de dispersión y comodines. Pincha aquí y mira los detalles.

    La compañía también cuenta con políticas para garantizar a los usuarios un trato justo y que sus derechos como jugadores sean protegidos. Yggdrasil también ofrece a los apostadores un portafolio de juego bastante amplio, con juegos novedosos y diseñados con el fin de satisfacer la demanda de cada jugador. Una de las características que indican que un casino online es seguro y comprometido con los usuarios son los métodos de pagos.

    Por lo general, los casinos online que funcionan en Chile con licencia, cuentan con opciones de pagos abaladas y con reconocimiento internacional. Para nadie es un secreto que tanto las recargas como los retiros de ganancia juegan un papel muy importante en la vida de los usuarios y contar con opciones que garanticen seguridad y transparencia es un punto a favor de los casinos. Por suerte, aquí te contamos todo sobre los métodos de pagos disponibles en los casinos online de Chile. PayPal es un sistema de pagos electrónico que se utiliza para realizar transferencias de dinero entre usuarios y como un medio pago de servicios en línea como el casino.

    Arriba de la lista de los mejores casinos en línea.:

  • https://nuevoscasinos-pa.com
  • https://apuestasenpanama.com/juegos-casino-online-panama/
  • http://ruleta77panama.com/
  • Los casinos en línea que funcionan en Chile y ofrecen la opción de recargas y retiros con PayPal son:. PayPal es medio de pagos bastante eficiente, pues resguarda cada dato suministrado, pero cuando se trata de demora de los pagos, el tiempo puede oscilar entre 1 y 3 días. Por lo general, los retiros son las transacciones que pueden demorar 3 días. El Bitcoin es una moneda digital creada en creada por Satoshi Nakamoto seudónimo conocido , hasta el momento no se sabe con exactitud el verdadero nombre del creador de esta innovadora moneda.

    Fue la primera criptomoneda en ser un medio de pago autorizado, sin embargo, en algunos países su uso sigue siendo ilegal. Pero, esto no ha sido un problema para que los casinos online implementen esta opción como un medio de pago seguro y novedoso. No obstante, a pesar de ser un método de pago sumamente novedoso, pues no requiere información sensible o si quiera datos como los datos del usuario, es una moneda que todavía no ha logrado ganar la confianza de los casinos online que funcionan en Chile.

    tienen la posibilidad de acudir a un establecimiento de casino constantemente, y es por ello que los. En este sentido, en un casino online los. les gustan los juegos en los que intentan darle un vuelco a favor del azar, implementando estrategias que. Mientras que para las personas que buscan ganar dinero, pero a su vez relajarse y pasar un buen rato,. pueden apostar su dinero en eventos de su deporte favorito que se desarrollen en tiempo real y. Debido a la gran cantidad de opciones de casinos que se encuentran en internet, las empresas usan los. bonos como una estrategia para captar usuarios. De este modo, un buen casino on line ofrece bonos de.

    Estos bonos, que pueden venir en forma de dinero para realizar apuestas o giros en las tragamonedas si es. el caso, son muy beneficiosos para los jugadores, debido a que, si son usados correctamente pueden. Una de las grandes dudas que tienen las personas al jugar en casinos online, es la parte de la seguridad, debido. Juego , la cual se encarga de otorgar licencias, supervisar, controlar y sancionar todas las actividades.

    Casinos y apuestas deportivas online. Todo sobre casinos online, Caracteristicas de los mejores casinos 20 Ene, Todo sobre casinos online, Caracteristicas de los mejores casinos Promociones, bonos de registro o bienvenida Debido a la gran cantidad de opciones de casinos que se encuentran en internet, las empresas usan los bonos como una estrategia para captar usuarios.

    Las mejores páginas de casino:

  • https://nuevoscasinos-pe.com
  • https://www.juegos-casino.org/casino-online-panama.html
  • https://mejorcasinoonline.mx/casinos-online/
  • <

    p>Keep in mind these are the best online casino real money in the USA. The best way to play in the USA is Ignition Casino. As with most online betting sites, they allow the player to choose from all the usual and traditional selections with one major feature.

    The players at Ignition Casino can decide to play individually, in groups, and choose between a computer or with a real life dealer. Our second choice to play online is with Bovada. Simple to join, make a quick login, set up a deposit, and begin to play poker, blackjack, roulette, and more. Additionally, Bovada offers quick signup bonuses on your first deposit.

    Make a deposit, play away and Bovada will match your deposit after your first go around. You can win every time and literally have nothing to lose! Like the odds on the Golden State Warriors against the Toronto Raptors?

    Bet you Bovada has the line for you. Or perhaps horse racing is your game. Yup, the best online casino real money in the USA to win online is the sports book at Bovada, handicapping all the top tracks from around the world, all while in the comfort of your home in the good old USA!

    Coming in our trifecta of where to play your game at the best online casino for real money in the USA is Slots.

    Le Chiffre, a banker to the world’s terrorists, is scheduled to participate in a high-stakes poker game in Montenegro, where he intends to use his winnings to establish his financial grip on the terrorist market. M sends Bond—on his maiden mission as a 00 Agent—to attend this game and prevent Le Chiffre from winning. With the help of Vesper Lynd and Felix Leiter, Bond enters the most important poker game in his already dangerous career. Title: Casino Royale Imdb rate: 8. Guide to use learning feature at FshareTV.

    FshareTV provides a feature to display and translate words in the subtitle You can activate this feature by clicking on the icon located in the video player Subtitle will be displayed below the video, you can click on every single word to get translated This feature supports many language so you can pick what ever language that you want to learn. Movies by year Before Movies by category Action Adventure Animation Comedy Crime Documentary Drama Family History Horror Music Mystery Romance Science Fiction TV Movie Thriller War Western. Movies by country USA South Korea Japan China Hong Kong Taiwan UK Australia France Thailand India. Old movies.

    Lista de sitios de casino:

  • https://nuevoscasinos-ve.com
  • https://www.gametwist.com/fr/
  • https://www.skycitycasino.com/
  • About us. Pick a subtitle. Guide to sync subtitle. Subtitle will be displayed here!

    Hover and click on words to translate. English Spanish Greek Arabic Farsi Tamil Turkish Polish Chinese Croatian Danish Japanese Korea Vietnamese Thai French German Portuguese Swedish Dutch Italian. Estimated downtime is 10 minutes. Thanks for your understanding.

    Information Show reviews. Related movies. Language for subtitle English Arabic Spanish Greek Farsi Hebrew Tamil Turkish Polish Chinese Croatian Danish Japanese Korea Viet Nam Thai French German Portuguese Swedish Dutch Korean Italian Indonesian Malay. Source OpenSubtitles YifySubtitles Subscene.

    Name Downloads Score. please wait. Movie reviews.

    <

    p>Urmareste filmul Casino Royale Online Subtitrat Gratis. Genurile acestui film sunt: Action, Adventure, Thriller. Filmul a avut premiera pe data de: Nov. Poti vedea filmul Casino Royale Online sau il poti descarca pentru a il vedea offline la cea mai buna calitate doar pe site-ul acesta.

    Povestea, pe scurt a filmului – In Engleza – Le Chiffre, a banker to the world’s terrorists, is scheduled to participate in a high-stakes poker game in Montenegro, where he intends to use his winnings to establish his financial grip on the terrorist market. M sends Bond—on his maiden mission as a 00 Agent—to attend this game and prevent Le Chiffre from winning. With the help of Vesper Lynd and Felix Leiter, Bond enters the most important poker game in his already dangerous career.

    Login Sign Up. Seriale Filme Genuri Ani Trending Cereri Account. Login to your account Remember Me Register a new account Lost your password?

    Playerul Videomega este compatibil pe orice device.

    وكان على اللاعب العراقي أن يتحول إلى ممارسة هواية المراهنة أون لاين. من الطبيعي أن تقوم الحكومة العراقية بحجب مواقع المقامرات على الإنترنت خاصة بعد تحول العراق للحكم الديني بعد فترة صدام حسين. ولذلك قد يجد اللاعب العراقي صعوبة في العثور على كازينو على الإنترنت يلعب فيه بأمان. من خلال هذا البروتوكول تتعرف الأجهزة الحكومة على هوية المقامر بسهولة. أصبح الآن يمكنك كلاعب عراقي وكأحد عشاق المقامرة أن تخفي بياناتك عن الرقابة الحكومية بكل بساطة وبدون أي تكلفة. هذه الشبكة عبارة عن برنامج يؤدي استخدامه إلى حجب بياناتك عند الدخول إلى أحد المواقع الشبكية. تقوم الشبكة الافتراضية الخاصة VPN على تقنية تشفير عالية الجودة. بحيث يتم تشفير جميع معلوماتك وبياناتك الشخصية والتقنية وتلعب بأمان. تقدم الكازينوهات أون لاين المتاحة في العراق مجموعة واسعة من ألعاب الكازينو المجانية من كل نوع. وبالتالي يمكنك اختيار لعب السلوتس المجانية والروليت على الانترنت وبلاك جاك و الكرابس. يعتبر كازينو من اكثر منصات المقامرة شهرة على مستوى العال. يقدم باقة ترحيبية تصل إلى دولار. موقع مقامرات مذهل. يقدم لعملائه باقة ترحيب تصل إلى جنيه استرليني. كما يمنح اللاعبين الجدد لفة مجانية. ويوفر أكثر من لعبة. عندما تريد سحب بعض أرباحك فقد تجد أن لديك خيارات محدودة أكثر. لعمل الإيداع أو السحب عادة ما تحتاج فقط إلى الضغط على زر الإيداع أو السحب وتحديد المبلغ. يمكن أن تكون المعاملة سريعة. في العام الماضي تم إطلاق Google Pay كنظام بديل لأجهزة Android. يمكن للاعبين في العراق استخدام Zimpler أو Payforit لعمل الإيداعات. لكن يعتمد اختيارك على الترقيات والمكافآت والأمان وخيارات السحب النقدي والسمعة وأصالة برامج الألعاب. ويمكنك الآن اللعب بأمان تام وبدون أي متاعب أو مشكلات. الكازينوهات المشهورة. كازينو بوين Bwin Casino أكتوبر 24, 0. كازينو أوزوريس سبتمبر 30, 0. كازينو سبين بالاس سبتمبر 24, 0. كازينو بيترالي سبتمبر 23, 0. كازينو سبتمبر 12, 0.

    Wild Scarabs. ابدا الربح في هذه المغامرة المذهلة. اكتشف المزيد. افضل الألعاب.

    This site uses cookies to give you the optimum experience on our website. الاون لاين روليت هي واحدة من ألعاب الكازينو الأكثر شعبية والمعترف بها من بين جميع العاب الكازينو. في http://08mem1e.tw/ طاولة الرهان سيكون حد أدنى وحد أقصى للمراهنة وتستطيع المراهنة برهان واحد أو عدة رهانات لكل دورة عجل. في الوقت ما بين دوران العجل هنالك متسع من الوقت http://rwjnkq.icu/ لوضع الرهانات. في الكازينو اون لاين تستطيع ان تلعب لوحدك في طاولة روليت خاصة بك او التمتع بطاولة مع لاعبين آخرين او حتى طاولات الموزع المباشر التي توفر حماسية أكثر وتفاعل مع لاعبون آخرون في الكازينو اون لاين. بعد الانتهاء من وضع الرهانات يقوم الموزع الحقيقي او الوهمي بتدوير عجلة الروليت وطالما تدور عجلة الروليت تتدحرج كرة الروليت عليها. تتوقف عجلة الروليت ببطء والكرة تحط على عدد معين. كل هذه القواعد الأساسية للعبة الاون لاين روليت. هنالك ثلاثة أنواع من العاب الروليت, أوروبية, فرنسية وأمريكية. الفرق فيما بينهم ان الأعداد في الروليت الفرنسية والأمريكية تتراوح من مع فتحة 0. للروليت الأمريكية أضيفت فتحة 00 على العجلة. بعض خيارات المراهنة تختلف وعلى اللاعبين أن يتذكروا دائما أن اللعب في الروليت الأميركية يقدم أسوء الاحتمالات للفوز. والكازينو اون لاين قوانين الروليت https://newcasinos-sa.com. العاب الكازينو الروليت تعلم اللعب. سلوتس تعلم اللعب. بلاك جاك تعلم اللعب. فيديو بوكر تعلم اللعب. لعبة النرد كرابس تعلم اللعب.

    Promotions Tournaments Info. Cashback is cash with no restriction. No deposit casino bonus. Look at the match rate and the rest of the terms and conditions before you make a choice. Often you have to spin again with what you win from your spins a certain number of times before you will be allowed to cash out. And that’s why the largest bonuses aren’t always the best online bonus. Are there conditions attached to this Casino Bonus?

    Some others are happy to give you a break in the form of bonus money you can actually withdraw. Jackpot City. More Details Less Details. This is undoubtedly the case with the biggest casino bonuses, https://newcasinos-usa.com such as match deposit welcome offers. The range of live casino products offered is one of the criteria we base this list on. Our team has looked through most of the best US casino websites currently operating and found a few that offer amazing online casino bonuses which you can find featured at the top of this page. Available 14 days from registration.

    These offers vary from casino to casino and can range from free spins offers to match bonuses. Operators have cottoned on to the popularity of online casino bonuses and all reputable brands nowadays lay it on really thick with a plethora of bonuses and promotions that can turn out to be as confusing as they are alluring. The Wizard of Odds Search. Some promo codes are case-sensitive, so make sure you added the information to the form accurately.

    Either you are a fan of slots, classic or modern ones, have some fun with titles like Book of Dead, Starburst, Age of the Gods, Rainbow Slots, Miss Fortune or many others. Each line on the slot will hold a value of 1p. One bonus offer per player. And, in order to do this, it is very happy to encourage existent players to bring along their friends. These casino websites are businesses after all.

    this, it is very happy

    https://www.planet7casino.com/online-casino-real-money.php Sure, with our casino you get higher payout percentages, bigger jackpot games, better service and much more. This means that whilst it is advertised that you will get free spins, the terms and conditions will state that free spins will be given to you in batches of 10 free spins over 10 days from signing up. Claim Bonus Wagering requirements: 60x. CON: It could use more promotions. Finally, stay up to date by signing up for https://play.empirecitycasino.com/ our newsletter below. For the Free Spins: 11 Free Spins in Starburst are automatically added to your account after your first deposit.

    The most trusted in the industry, these come with all kinds of top-notch features that include:. As complicated as it may seem, the task is quite simple. There are many gambling sites, and most of them have attractive bonus offers. What you pay is what you get on the PlayAmo account. Compatible with: windows apple android mobile. Available for following countries:. Full terms apply.

    Therefore, we are always finding new ways to improve our welcome offers, match bonuses, reload offers and more. Are online casino bonuses worth it? Is there such a thing as a free casino bonus? How do you get the best casino bonus? Where can I find the latest casino bonuses? What do I need to evaluate in order to benefit from the best casino bonuses?

    Are casino online bonus codes game specific? Can you get an online casino bonus when playing on mobile or tablet? How do wagering requirements apply to a gambling bonus? Can you withdraw an online casino bonus? How can I maximize my casino bonus? Is there a tool out there that can help you calculate your online casino bonus?

    Related Pages:.

    Neteller — es ist ein ähnliches E-Wallet zahlungssystem, das in Ländern auf der ganzen Welt verbreitet ist. Viele Spieler nutzen diese gratis Startgeld, um das Casino zu testen. Marcus ist seit in der Glücksspielbranche tätig und schreibt seit für CasinoOnline. Willkommen auf CasinoSpielen.

    Der eine oder andere Casino Fan ist möglicherweise bereits in einem Online Casino angemeldet. Hierbei nehmen wir kein Blatt vor den Mund, loben und kritisieren an der ein oder anderen Stelle. Ein Blick in die Bonus-AGB eines Casinos ist daher sehr wichtig, wenn man wirklich ersthaft damit kalkuliert, den EInzahlungsbonus durchzuspielen und irgendwann auszahlen zu lassen. Twin Twin ist ein Online Casino, das sich vorwiegend an jüngere Spieler richtet. Sogar das Windows-Betriebssystem steckte noch in den Kinderschuhen und Netzwerkverbindungen waren, wenn überhaupt, langsam. Gerade die Gambling-Funktion in einigen Spielautomaten, bei der ihr die Chance habt einen Gewinn nochmals zu verdoppelt, macht nur bei kleinen Beträgen Sinn.

    Im Google Chrome funktioniert das, indem du auf das grüne Schloss vor der Webadresse im Browser klickst. Ein glücklicher Spieler darf sich dann über den Gewinn des Hauptpreises freuen, der nicht selten https://www.casino.pt/ bei einer Million Euro oder mehr liegt. In den vergangenen Monaten haben wir demnach deutlich mehr Anbieter auf die Probe gestellt als auf Casinotest aufgeführt sind. Dafür gibt es VIP-Programme. Gerade für Nutzer mit schlechteren mobilen Datenverbindungen kann dies wichtig sein.

    Gegen Ende des https://novoscassinos-br.com Jhd wurde ein Lotteriepatent erlassen, welches das Glücksspiel des kleinen Mannes regelte. Videoslots Test. Denn dort kann man tatsächlich noch Merkur Spiele mit Echtgeld spielen. Bei einigen Casinos ist es tatsächlich möglich mit dem Bonus online ohne Einzahlung Geld zu gewinnen. Erfahrene Internet Casino Spieler werden die besten Seiten vielleicht bereits kennen.

    Gerade als unerfahrener Spieler wäre es ohne Hilfe schwierig gewesen, die besten und seriösesten Online Casinos ausfindig zu machen. Aber nicht nur der Spieler profitiert davon, auch das https://www.unibet.com/casino Casino erhält so einen womöglich treuen Kunden und kann sich mit seinem Angebot gegenüber der Konkurrenz durchsetzen. Auch ein Adressnachweis und persönliche Dokumente werden in der Regel eingefordert, damit du verifiziert werden kannst. Wenn diese Informationen nicht öffentlich verfügbar sind, ist dies ein schwerwiegender Grund, die Zuverlässigkeit des Kasinos zu bezweifeln. Der weltweit führende Hersteller Playtech ist bekannt für seine innovativen Spiele. An erster Stelle stehen hierbei natürlich die Online Casinos.

    eines Casinos ist

    Eine überzeugende Live Casino Performance ist zwar positiv zu bewerten, allerdings nicht unbedingt essentiell — vor allem dann, wenn man vorhat, sich hauptsächlich den Slots zu widmen. Bei weiterer Nutzung stimmen Sie dem zu: Weitere Details. Roulette ist ein sehr beliebtes Spiel, bei dem die Zeit nie zu kurz kommt. Wir sind da keine Ausnahme.

    Als neuer Spieler zahlt man einfach direkt ein und kann sofort auf Gewinnjagd gehen.

    How can I receive a Bonus? In most cases, all you have to do is create an account and make a deposit to receive a welcome Bonus. Sometimes, you have to enter a bonus code to be eligible for the Bonus. If a bonus code is necessary, we will mention this on our Bonus page. Learn more about wagering requirements. Why do I receive a Bonus? Online casinos want to keep players happy to keep them from drifting over to the competition.

    Bonuses give you some extra motivation to stay and play. It is always fun to receive extra money! What are Free Spins? You can receive Free Spins in the form of a Bonus after registration or as an extra promotion once you are customer. Some slots have a Bonus game where you can win Free Spins. Sometimes you will see those terms interchangeably used at casinos and in game rules. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic.

    You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. Online Casino List Top 10 This online casino guide provides you with all the important information about the sites to gamble casino games. Best online casino list of , get your bonus now! Best casino Omni Slots. Visit casino. Jackpot City. Royal Panda.

    Casino Winner. Spin Casino. Loyal Casino. Casino Heroes. Speedy Casino. Free to play casino games.

    View all games Follow Online Casino List on Twitch. Bonus deals for mobile players The people who run a mobile casino are not dumb. Here are three types of bonuses that many casinos offer: 1. Casino games Some people prefer to play card games like Blackjack or poker, games that require a bit of thought, strategy and focus. Read More Accept.

    While this limits the available software you have to choose from what is offered is a wide range of casino games that include video slots, progressive and classic slots, table games, video poker, multi-hand video poker and much more. The quality of both these software companies is outstanding with each offering you truly superb graphics. They use state of the art sounds to further increase the pleasure that is receive during play. Many of the games include various features that are designed to increase your winning percentage and see you leaping off your chair. The only USA online casinos you find on this site will be those who are respected and known to provide a superior level of service both with respect to the level of support that is offered as well as the time they take to process withdrawals.

    Best Casino Sites:

  • https://bestcasinos-ma.com
  • https://www.777.com/
  • https://www.pokerstarscasino.com/
  • This is a critical aspect for any casino to appear on this site and one we take seriously in our responsibility to you as a guest of this site. Take a good look over the list of casinos you find here. You will then be able to download the software or use the Instant Play casino if offers. When you are ready to get started simply click the link and register your new real money player account. You will be able to choose from a number of deposit options that will have you claiming the deposit bonuses and hitting the games in less than 5 minutes. We hope you find this list helpful and will take advantage of the many offers you see made available to you here.

    Skip to content As the list of available online casinos for American players is relatively small in comparison to what it once was so we have created a list of online casinos that still are accepting players from the USA. We understand that finding those casinos can be a time consuming process that many players really do not have the time to undertake. Therefore we thought it would be helpful to create a list of those online casinos we know accept USA players. Each of the USA online casinos you see in our list has a proven history of honesty, integrity and reliability and will provide you an excellent place to play online casinos games. Aside from the massive bonus they are also giving all USA players a chance to win a weekly bonus. Palace Of Chance.

    Vegas Casino Online. Sun Palace Casino. Exclusive Casino. Mandarin Palace. Slots of Vegas.

    The online casino industry is diverse in the locations it spans and this means many different software companies have sprung up to cover the vastly different laws and expectations in each country. But this has not stopped smaller software companies such as RealTime Gaming and Betsoft from servicing these markets. This page will provide an overview of the software companies available and what kind of markets they service. In time the World Gambling List will cover each of the individual iGaming software companies in separate articles. Microgaming : Has been around since and blossomed into one of the most talked about companies in iGaming. Has many different divisions and boasts close to slot games and table games. Also has live dealer games available.

    Has a downloadable platform for windows. As a listed company it only services countries which fail to address online casinos in law, or have regulation. Playtech : The arch rival of Microgaming and also a giant in the industry. Has a downloadable platform for windows and solely powers many online casinos. Does also offer licences to allow some games to appear at casinos boasting multiple software providers.

    <

    p>Again Playtech is a listed company so does not service countries with strict gambling laws. NetEntertainment: While Net Ent is not as big as the other two companies listed under this category, it does have a strong following and boasts some of the most talked about games. Provides a full platform, including live dealer, so you will find some casinos solely powered by NetEnt. Betsoft : Is arguably the biggest software company to service the USA and Australia, two key gambling countries. Has a great selection of slots games and is very impressive on both mobile and desktop.

    تشمل النسخ الجديدة من الفيديو بوكر: Jacks or Better جاكس أو بيتر Deuces Wild ديوسيس وايلد Double Bonus دوبل بونص المكافأة المزدوجة Double Double Bonus دوبل دوبل بونص المكافأة المزدوجة المضاعفة ألعاب الموزع المباشر من بين ألعاب الموزع المباشر هناك ألعاب أونلاين عربية وهي ألعاب تربح أموال حقيقية. تشمل الألعاب التالية والتي يوفرها الكازينو المباشر: الروليت المباشر : ويشمل الروليت الأوروبي والأمريكي بلاك جاك الموزع المباشر الباكاراة المباشرة خاتمة لقد أوردت لك بعض النتائج التي توصل إليها الباحثون في موقعنا فيما يخص الألعاب المفضلة في الكازينوهات أون لاين. أفضل كازينوهات الروليت. معلومات مفيدة الفرق بين الروليت الأوروبية والروليت الأمريكية استراتيجية مارتينجال في الروليت استراتيجية العميل جيمس بوند في الروليت استراتيجية فيبوناتشي الروليت اون لاين:استراتيجيات ونصائح الروليت اون لاين:استراتيجيات ونصائح الروليت اون لاين:استراتيجيات ونصائح مدونة. أفضل ترقيات الكازينو.

    أفضل صفحات الكازينو:

  • https://newcasinos-bh.com
  • https://newcasinos-qa.com/
  • https://books.google.com.bh/books?id=8lSRDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA52&lpg=PA52&dq=%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%83%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%88%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%AA+%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89+%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AA&source=bl&ots=Mfdi9zuwRA&sig=ACfU3U11J16dPOniGKO-3QvDsPe6spM0Eg&hl=ar&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiD9_-un5rpAhUPY8AKHTw6CcoQ6AEwSnoECGYQAQ
  • <

    p>لمساعدتك في العثور عليها أفضل كازينو على الانترنت لقد بحثت بدقة واستعرضت وصنفت أكبر الأسماء في هذا المجال بهدف تزويدك بكل المعلومات التي تحتاجها. وستكون لديك ثقة كبيرة بأنه لديك نظرة عامة موجزة ودقيقة لهم جميعا. بعض هذه المعايير مهمة للغاية وتتضمن الكثير من التفاصيل. تعتبر الألعاب في نهاية المطاف العامل الرئيسي حين نتطرق إلى تقييم كازينو عبر الإنترنت. لذلك ليس هذا هو المبلغ الذي يضمن لك الفوز به عندما تلعب لعبة معينة. عادة تجد نسبة عائد اللاعبين لكل لعبة في قواعد اللعبة على موقع الكازينو. ولكن لك أن تتخيل أن جودة البث وتجربة الألعاب برمتها تركت الكثير مما هو مرغوب فيه عندما تم إطلاقها لأول مرة. فحتى تحصل على ترخيص لكازينو في الإمارات العربية المتحدة يجب أن يلتزم الكازينو بأدق المعايير واللوائح.

    Among the most popular casino games offered are online Slots and the table games Blackjack, Roulette, Baccarat and Craps in both virtual and Live Casino form. According to many gamblers out there who enjoy gambling on the net, it can literally make or break your online casino experience. Many a time gambling sites will accept many a variety of credit cards, e-wallets, prepaid cards and even offline casino payment methods. On the other hand, if you prefer having an added layer of extra security when making payments, e-wallets are probably the best way to go.

    Among the most widely offered e-wallets are Neteller, Skrill, and PayPal. Lastly, if neither credit cards nor e-wallets suit your personal needs, you can opt to pay with one of the offline methods that are generally offered. A huge worry many gamblers who typically enjoy gambling at brick-and-mortar casinos every chance they get is the customer and opt to switch to online gambling sites, is that things may go wrong.

    And this is exactly why customer support is of massive importance to online gamblers. Very often these include email, post, phone and live chat. Safety and security are of utmost importance when gambling online. This is exactly why our independent reviewers at Gambling Planet have dedicated a whole section to the safety and security features used at online casinos.

    Among the safety features that are usually used at online casinos are an SSL certificate, encryption technology in order to safeguard any private information that customers input into the system. Other forms of safety and security used, including the use of third-party verification firms to test out whether casino games are safe to play or not! Each of the casino reviews that are found at Gambling Planet is written by our independent reviewers who try to give their best opinion on the particular online gambling site they are reviewing. Yes, at Gambling Planet we provide detailed information about online casino bonuses in each casino review we publish on our site. And this is exactly why our experts at Gambling Planet have assembled a list of reviews of the top online casinos found in the intergalactic cyberspace that is the internet.

    As you can determine through reading our online casino reviews, our experienced reviewers rate these top casino sites on their casino games, promotions, bonuses and other factors. We also recognize that the top casinos online provide more than just pretty graphics and exciting games, but also promote reliability, safety and customer service. Do some digging.

    Read our descriptive online casino reviews to find out what a particular gambling brand is all about. And only sign up to a site, if you like what you see and read. We wish you the best of luck in your quest to find the right casino for you. Happy Gambling! Online Casino Reviews.

    List of the best casino sites:

  • https://newcasinos-jo.com
  • https://www.gamingzion.com/jordan/casino/casino-sites/
  • https://www.777.com/
  • Play Read Review. Casino Las Vegas. Make your first deposit at Casino. Make your first deposit at NetBet. Mansion Casino.

    EuroGrand Casino. Casino Tropez. Sloto Cash Casino.

    <

    p>We offer reviews on the top Australian online casinos and online gambling games. Our selection of Australian online casino reviews includes pokies and table games. So, start playing online games for real money and winning real money jackpots today! Read Review. Popular Australian payment options for depositing and withdrawing.

    Know which options are available to you. Reviews on leading online pokies, allowing you to explore each game before playing. A breakdown on each online casino, allowing you to see what each offers you as a players before committing. Casino Aus recommends casino sites that will provide you with only the best online gambling experience.

    Consequently, you can be sure that each of the casinos we list is completely legal for Australian players, hold international gambling licenses and provide secure, speedy and reliable payout options. Casino Aus will help you find the best online casino sites available to Australians that accept deposits and withdrawals in Australian dollars. We also ensure these top sites offer safe and secure gaming environments, as well as amazing bonuses and promotions. This includes both real money and free versions of popular table games such as roulette, blackjack, craps, baccarat, sic bo and poker, as well as other online casino games like video poker and online pokies. All the best Australian online casino sites we list hold valid gambling licenses, use industry-standard encryption protocols.

    And have earned reputations for providing fair games and excellent customer service. Security is of the utmost importance when testing a real money online casino sites for Australians. The license seals at the bottom of the homepage are tested to ensure that they are pointing to the actual license of the site. The auditing seals are similarly tested to check for the fairness of their games, as well as the security of their transactions.

    All payment methods must be fast, secure and available to players located in Australia. Some of the most popular methods are credit cards , debit cards, PayPal , Neosurf, Netteller and increasingly Bitcoin. We also point out the best minimum deposit options for Australian players.

    The welcome bonus package , deposit bonuses, match bonuses, no deposit bonuses and other promotions must be clearly stated. And display transparent terms, conditions and wagering requirements. Ensuring a high-quality online gaming experience for all Australians is a major priority for our casino reviews. All online games offered must subsequently feature high-quality graphics and sounds, whether played via a mobile device or computer.

    All online casinos should be contactable at any time of day, whether by Live Chat or email. The site should also have a toll-free phone call option available to Australians. Make sure to try all of the most popular online casino games to get the most out of your time gaming!

    Some players prefer to play online pokies and video slots more than traditional games, like blackjack or roulette. There are real money and free options at most sites. Nevertheless, there is always a huge selection of different games available at the best casino sites.

    الأهم من ذلك هو اختيار الكازينو حسن السمعة والذي لا يعرضكم لعمليات نصب واحتيال. هناك البعض منها الذي يستولي على أموالك في حساباته. وهذا يمنحه ميزة واضحة في حالة وجود أي نزاعات بينه وبين اللاعب. انتهى زمن عرض الشروط والأحكام حول مكافآت الكازينو بأسلوب واضح. والسبب هو أن الكازينوهات لديها برامج لحماية نفسها ضد اللاعبين الذين يتصيدون المكافآت. هناك العشرات من ألعاب الكازينو المختلفة ولكل منها العديد من الإصدارات أو النسخ. وأعتقد أن شرح كل لعبة منها بالتفصيل في غاية الأهمية. تعتبر ألعاب السلوتس أو ما يسمى ماكينات القمار الألعاب الأكثر شهرة في الكازينوهات على الإنترنت. لهذا السبب لا أريد أن تجرب لعبها حتى تتقن الإستراتيجية الأساسية على الأقل لأن لها استراتيجيات عديدة. قد تحتاج إلى التسجيل للوصول إلى الألعاب المجانية أو التجريبية لن يستطيع كازينو الخصم من بطاقتك ما لم تسمح له بذلك. اللعب بأموال حقيقية في بداية تجربتك في ممارسة القمار على الإنترنت قد يسبب لك خسائر فادحة. لذلك فإن اختيار اللعب المجاني أو التجريبي دون أي تكلفة مالية أمر مهم. بعد أن تتأكد من أنك أتقنت قواعد وبعض استراتيجيات اللعبة يمكنك اللعب بأموال حقيقية والاستمتاع بربح الأموال. الغالبية العظمى من اللاعبين ليس لديهم أي مشاكل بالنسبة للعب القمار بأمان على الإطلاق. ومع ذلك هناك بعض الأشياء التي يجب عليك توخي الحذر بشأنها.

    أفضل مواقع الكازينو:

  • https://newcasinos-kw.com
  • https://www.gamblingsites.com/ar/%D9%83%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%88-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AA/%D8%A3%D9%81%D8%B6%D9%84/
  • https://www.unibet.com/casino
  • By عز الدين عجم On أكتوبر,29, By عز الدين عجم On أكتوبر,16, العاب فلاش كازينو مجانية Ruby Hitman Tens or Better Fun Fair Slots Big Kahuna Around the World Party Time Wizard Slots Thrill Seekers. دفعات الكازينو المالية اونلاين Neteller UseMyBank Click2Pay WebMoney Ukask eCheck Visa. كل الحقوق محفوظة.

    <

    p>نحن نسعى جاهدين لتزويد مستخدمينا بالمقارنات الأكثر ثقة والغنية بالتفاصيل لأفضل الكازينوهات على الإنترنت والمتاحة أمام الاعبين المصريين. كل ما تود معرفته عن العاب الكازينوهات الكلاسيكية.

    OnlineCasinoReports Egypt عربي. Toggle navigation. الكازينوهات الكازينوهات الكازينوهات الافضل كازينوهات النقال كازينوهات بيتكوين بلاي تك مايكروجيمنج ماستركارد فيزا العاب كازينو مجانية. ربح مكافأة الكازينو الترحيبية مكافآت كبار المراهنين والمقامرين مكافآت بدون إيداع. بلاك جاك على الإنترنت بلاك جاك مجاني على الإنترنت بلاك جاك الأموال الحقيقية. الدليل طرق الدفع الكازينوهات على الإنترنت البوكر على الإنترنت المراهنة الرياضية البينجو على الإنترنت اليانصيب على الإنترنت.

    أفضل مواقع الكازينو:

  • https://newcasinos-tn.com
  • https://www.777.com/promotions/welcome-offer.htm
  • https://www.arab-casino.com/%D9%83%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%88-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AA/
  • Gratorama Casino علاوة ترحيبية. مراجعة ابدأ اللعب الآن. LiliBet Casino مكافأة إعادة الشحن.

    EUcasino علاوة ترحيبية. مكافأة العاب سلوتس المجانية.

    Joo Casino رزمة علاوة.

    All Right Casino علاوة الدورانات المجانية. ألعاب كازينو مباشر كل ما تود معرفته عن العاب الكازينوهات الكلاسيكية. الابحار الكازينوهات ربح العاب ارشادات الدليل. الصفحات الشهيرة الكازينوهات الافضل كازينوهات بيتكوين علاوات بدون ايداع كازينوهات النقال العاب كازينو مجانية.

    Astuces pour Trouver le Meilleur Casino en Ligne au Canada !

    Vous savez désormais quels sont les critères à prendre en compte pour trouver un casino en ligne fiable et pour être certain de jouer aussi sereinement que si vous vous rendiez dans un casino terrestre! Les joueurs de casino en ligne abandonnent peu à peu leur ordinateur au profit de leur smartphone. Pour ce faire certains opérateurs misent sur des applications iOS et Android. Un opérateur peut également proposer une version responsive de son site. Vous pourrez alors jouer au casino sur téléphone sans téléchargement, ce qui est plutôt pas mal si la mémoire de votre téléphone est saturée.

    Pour être réussie une application de casino en ligne doit répondre à différents critères :. Bien évidemment, si vous répondez cela ne signifie pas que votre partie sera interrompue. Elle sera enregistrée et lorsque vous aurez fini votre coup de fil vous pourrez reprendre votre partie là où vous en étiez. Aucune crainte à avoir, vos tours gratuits ne disparaîtront pas si votre smartphone se met à sonner ou à vibrer! Les casinos en ligne misent souvent sur les bonus et offres promotionnelles pour attirer de nouveaux joueurs. Il est parfois difficile de trouver un site de jeu qui offre un casino bonus de bienvenue sans dépôt. Nous avons fait le tour de tous les casinos en ligne avec bonus, voici celui qui vous offrira un bonus casino sans dépôt sur simple inscription :. Par définition, un bonus sans dépôt vous est accordé sans que vous ayez besoin de déposer le moindre euro, sachez cependant que comme toutes les offres, il est soumis à certaines conditions, les plus fréquentes étant les suivantes :. Les tours gratuits sans dépôt sont eux aussi soumis à certaines conditions comme par exemple :. Elles vous permettent de jouer gratuitement et vous offrent la possibilité de découvrir un casino ou un jeu sans dépenser le moindre euro. Choisissez toujours un casino fiable, régulé et sécurisé, consultez les termes et conditions liés aux bonus et aux retraits et renseignez-vous sur le programme de fidélité et les avantages auxquels il donne droit si vous êtes un joueur VIP. Il faut dire que le dernier venu, Cresus Casino fait fureur!

    Un casino en ligne avec des retraits payés sous 24h sans limites! De plus ce casino propose dans son portfolio de machines à sous et live casino les meilleurs jeux. Une exception concerne cependant les nouveaux casinos appartenant à des groupes connus et de confiance. Quel est le meilleur casino en ligne? Pour vous répondre, voici notre comparatif et liste des meilleurs casinos en ligne en :. Vous serez ainsi libre de définir quel est le meilleur casino pour vous.

    Meilleures pages de casino:

  • https://nouveauxcasinos-dz.com
  • https://www.casino333.be/
  • https://www.majesticslotsclub.net/
  • Evidemment, tous les sites qui entrent dans notre classement des TOP casinos sont des casinos fiables, sécurisés et légaux. Pour établir notre TOP casinos nous avons pris en considération les délais de paiement annoncés par les opérateurs. Le délai sous lequel vous recevez vos gains dépend quant à lui du mode de paiement choisi. Certaines méthodes comme Paypal sont instantanées, pour les versements effectués sur une carte bancaire il faut généralement compter 2 à 3 jours ouvrés. Il doit faire mieux pour intégrer notre classement du meilleur casino France.

    Les plateformes de gaming sont passées au crible. Si vous jouez et êtes déconnectés toutes les deux minutes, la détente se transformera vite en cauchemar, croyez nous. Le premier point important est que le casino propose aussi bien des jeux de machine à sous ou slots que des jeux de table roulette , blackjack, baccarat… , des jeux de live casino avec live dealers live roulette, live blackjack, live baccarat… sans oublier du vidéo poker. Nous prenons également en compte la diversité des fournisseurs disponibles sur la plateforme. Par ailleurs, pour offrir une excellente expérience de jeu à ses clients, le meilleur casino en ligne doit selon nous intégrer très régulièrement de nouveaux jeux afin de varier son offre avec un maximum de slots et jackpots. Bien évidemment, la façon dont les jeux sont présentés est également un point que nous jugeons. La qualité de ce dernier entre donc en compte dans notre guide des meilleurs sites de casino. Nous prenons également en considération la variété des supports dont disposent les joueurs pour échanger avec les agents.

    La plupart du temps le service client sera également joignable par mail. Le fait de pouvoir avoir les agents au téléphone ou de les ajouter sur whatsapp est un plus non négligeable. Sachez que plusieurs fournisseurs de plateforme de gaming ou de jeux de casinos assurent la partie technique de vos sites favoris. Nous portons aussi une grande importance à la licence du casino. Sachez aussi que certains Casinos acceptent les joueurs français qui utilisent des VPN. Nous ne notons pas ces casinotiers. Voici notre classement du meilleur casino en ligne français avec les plus gros Jackpot : Le casino en France est depuis toujours une institution.

    Selon notre équipe, sur un casino fiable, les demandes de retrait doivent être traitées dans un délai maximum de 24 à 48h. Curaçao ou bien MGA. Lorsque nous jugeons un casino en ligne nous accordons davantage notre confiance aux opérateurs avec lesquels nous pouvons facilement échanger.

    Sverige Kronan Casino. أدنى إيداع SEK. مكافأة الإيداع الثاني sek. Almighty Vikings Casino.

    Kajot Casino. رهان 40x. تصميم متوافق مع الهاتف الجوال تنوع من موفري برمجيات العاب الكازينو رخصة من المملكة المتحدة كل مجالات العاب شركة NetEnt مغطاة بطولات بوكر رائعة مدفوعات فائقة السرعة يتم تمريرها خلال 2 ساعة! برامج ومخططات لمكافأة الولاء فريدة ومجزية احصل على مكافأة.

    Jackpot Red Casino.

    MrStar Casino.

    LuckyStar Casino. Euro Play Casino.

    Winbig 21 Casino.

    Tropica Casino. شاهد المزيد A New Casino in استمتع بالعاب السلوتس والعاب الطاولة والكازينو المباشر والجاكبوتس التي تقدمها شركة NetEnt! One Club Casino. رهان 40xb. رمز المكافأة OCC مجموعة كبيرة من العاب السلوتس مدعوم في الغالب من شركة NetEnt يمكن سحب المال خلال خمس دقائق برامج ومخططات لمكافأة الولاء فريدة ومجزية احصل على مكافأة.

    أفضل مواقع الكازينو:

  • https://nouveauxcasinos-lb.com
  • https://casino545.com/arabic/
  • https://www.maronski.net/%D9%83%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%88-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AA-%D9%86%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%AD-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%AF%D8%B9/
  • Wild Vegas Casino. رمز المكافأة ASKG65NDB. شاهد المزيد يشمل على كازينو NetEnt المباشر سحوبات مالية بلا حدود تراخيص عديدة من أكثر الهيئات احتراما كازينو حديث ومتوافق مع الهاتف الجوال الدعم متوفر عن طريق الدردشة المباشرة والهاتف الدولي طوال ساعات العمل مجموعة من العاب الطاولة المباشرة توجد في الكازينو المباشر كازينو مباشر رائع سحوبات مالية فورية احصل على مكافأة. Tipbet Casino. رهان 35x.

    Lucky Time Casino.

    Gaming Club Casino.

    <

    p>Blackjack هي لعبة الكازينو التي تهدف إلى الحصول على درجة أفضل من المعارضين دون تجاوز الحد الأقصى من 21 نقطة.

    That’s a lot of roulette you can play in the casino online. Nigeria has the seventh largest population in the world. There are many different game developers and online casinos that offer these kinds of slots. In general, iOS and Android products have no issues with gambling site compatibility.

    Play free Jammin Jars. Mobile casinos will see more social media integration like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and other social media applications are now all primarily phone devices. However, you may have to search for the best options regarding individual game availability and compatibility. You will find a welcome package that includes a couple of bonuses along with weekly promotions to give you something to look forward to every single week. You can switch from your phone to your tablet or iPad with ease. Playing casino should be fun and simple It is important to know that you will get your payments on time and that the customer service lives up to your expectations.

    Some online casinos claim higher payback percentages for slot machine games, and some publish payout percentage audits on their websites. Cafe Casino. Wild Jackpots. Keeping in mind the preferences of our women players, we offer a hand-picked selection of Pink Casino Games. Yes, you can play any of your preferred real money games via your device as long as the site offers a responsive website or a native app. Purchasing goods and services in stores or https://casinority.com/au/ online has never been simpler, and all transactions can be actioned using iTunes, known for being one of the most secure networks in existence. Android mobile casinos are becoming more and more popular as the years go by, and all of the top casinos that develop for mobile have Android compliant casinos.

    Top 5 Mobile Gambling Disadvantages Vulnerability to losing a device with all your data, passwords and access to casino accounts, etc. However, if you are an android player, it is still not the end. We all at least once made online payment on the internet. Simply https://newcasinos-au.com report your winnings on your income tax return. Most mobile casinos tend to stick to the https://betnspin.com/en/ easier version of the game, which is European roulette, and which many people know how to play. The sports betting portion launched on March 11, Pennsylvania is the fourth and biggest state to legalize and regulate online gambling.

    These tournaments offer game such as Blackjack and Roulette which by nature are a bit more competitive when compared to the slot tournaments. This means that you can always play with confidence and you never have to worry about your funds or information being at risk. Follow the same steps taken for your phone in order to play on a tablet. The standard of today is Bit SSL encryption technology.

    Cashback is unfortunately not available for players from Sweden. Due to the ever-increasing popularity of smartphones and tablets, the concept of mobile commerce m-commerce has gained immense traction. Mustang Gold. For those that love the idea of hunting down that life changing win, our progressive jackpot games are just the thing.

    يوجد في الموقع أكثر من لعبة من ألعاب القمار. قدم كازينو سبين بلاس ما قيمته أكثر من تعددت الخيارات لمحبي لعب ألعاب الكازينو ومختلف نشاطات المراهنة عبر الأنترنت. فهناك عدد كبير من مواقع الكازينو اون الين والتي تهتم بكل ما له علاقة بذلك. موقع أوكازينو Eucasino هو كازينو اون لاين مرخص ويضمن تحويلات ومعاملات مصرفية آمنة. هذه الأخيرة فيها مكافأة ترحيبية على شكل لفة للجائزة الكبرى. يتميز الكازينو بإعطائك الفرصة لسحب أرباحك كل يوم. الكازينو اون لاين كازينو كروز Casino Cruise يضم باقة من ألعاب القمار تتعدى لعبة. الموقع قام بدفع أرباح تزيد عن أصبحت المقامرة لعبة شعبية للعديد من الناس للترفيه أو كسب المال الحقيقي. بدأت هذه الألعاب كألعاب تقليدية بسيطة ثم تطورت إلى العديد من الإصدارات المثيرة. وهي تشمل في بعض الأحيان ألعاب النرد مثل الكرابس. للنوع الثالث من لعبة البوكر الفيديو: يمكن لعب جميع ألعاب البوكر عبر آلات تشبه لعبة اللوتس. إليك بعض المعلومات حول ألعاب الكازينو الأكثر شعبية. لعبة البوكر هي واحدة من أفضل ألعاب الكازينو بشكل عام وألعاب الورق على وجه الخصوص. أول ذكر بوكر جاء في القرن التاسع عشر. واحدة من مزايا البوكر التي تتميز بها بعض ألعاب الورق هي أنها لعبة جماعية يمكن لعبها من قبل اللاعبين وحتى 10 لاعبين. هذه اللعبة تعود إلى القرن التاسع عشر. الروليت هي كلمة فرنسية تعني عجلة صغيرة. من المعروف أن اللعبة لها جذور تاريخية تمتد حتى القرن التاسع عشر. ألعاب آلات الحظ أو ألعاب فتحات فتحات بالطبع أفضل 5 ألعاب القمار. يفوز اللاعب إذا كانت المجموعة هي الفائزة. إنها تتميز بتصميم رائع. تصنف عادة فتحات وفقا لعدد البكرات. هناك آلات الحظ تتكون من 3 بكرات و واحدة من 4 آلات أخرى غير 5. تم نشر المصطلح كازينو على الانترنت في أواخر القرن 20th بعد انتشار مواقع مختلفة تقدم ألعاب الكازينو التقليدية المختلفة. تسمح بعض المواقع للاعبين باللعب في بلدان أخرى أو حتى مع لاعبين محترفين. تقدم هذه المواقع نفس الألعاب مثل الكازينوهات الحقيقية وأكثر من ذلك. لعب القمار من بين النشاطات التي يمارسها كثير من الناس بغية الحصول على المتعة والمرح. ولقد ظهر القمار منذ القديم وتعددت ألعاب القمار. وظهرت بعد ذلك بيوت ونوادي القمار وهي ما تعرف اليوم بالكازينوهات. يعرف الكازينو بأنه المنشأة أو المكان الذي يضم مختلف ألعاب ونشاطات القمار. حيث يقصده الناس من أجل القمار والمراهنة. هذه الأماكن تطورت منذ ظهورها إلى أن وصلت إلى ماهي عليه اليوم من فخامة وشعبية. فبدأت تظهر أماكن هنا وهناك في المناطق التي كان القمار فيها شائعا. فكان الناس يجتمعون من أجل لعب القمار والاستمتاع. وقد كان بناء مثل هذه المنشآت محظورا في البداية في بعض المناطق. لكن سرعان ما وضعت قوانين لتسيير مثل هذه الأماكن وأصبحت هناك رخص لبنائها. ومن هنا بدأ ظهور الكازينو بالمعنى الذي هو عليه اليوم. الكازينو يضم أشهر ألعاب القمار وقد تختلف من مكان إلى آخر. كما أنه عادة ما يتم بنائه بالقرب من فندق أو ضمنه وهذا لتوفير الإقامة للذين يأتون من بعيد. كما أنه عادة ما يعمل في الليل وحتى وقت متأخر. معظم نوادي القمار اليوم هي أماكن فخمة ويقصدها أصحاب المال والأغنياء. وبعضها تضع شروط من أجل السماح للأشخاص بالدخول مثل اللباس أو دفع عضوية. كما ان مثل هذه الأماكن توفر جميع الظروف لجعلك تدفع الكثير من المال. رغم الانتشار الكبير لألعاب القمار ونوادي القمار إلى أن هناك من لا يمكنه الوصول إليها. وهذا راجع إلى عدم توفرها في بعض البلدان أو صعوبة الوصول إليها.

    قائمة بأفضل مواقع الكازينو:

  • https://newcasinos-eg.com
  • https://www.gamblingsites.com/ar/%D9%83%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%88-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AA/
  • https://rosie-demario.com/
  • Open Letter, Closed Minds

    Last week, 129 signatories sent an open letter to the Secretary General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-Moon, that said in part:

    “Current scientific knowledge does not substantiate your assertions” recently made that climate change is causing more extreme weather events (such as last month’s disastrous Hurricane Sandy), and that the cost of continued inaction on climate change will be very high.

    The open letter continues:  “The hypothesis that our emissions of CO2 have caused, or will cause, dangerous warming is not supported by the evidence.  The incidence and severity of extreme weather has not increased. There is little evidence that dangerous weather-related events will occur more often in the future. ”

    Moreover, “Policy actions by the U.N., or by the signatory nations to the UNFCCC (United Nationals Framework Convention on Climate Change), that aim to reduce CO2 emissions are unlikely to exercise any significant influence on future climate.”

    I will leave it to others to opine whether or not the signatories to the open letter making these statements are credibly “qualified in climate-related matters”, as they claim for themselves.

    For the record, a much larger body of people doubtlessly “qualified in climate-related matters” would surely strongly disagree with this letter.  Thousands of experts are quite confident that climate change is in fact a serious future threat to the planet (all species, not just humans), that its economic and social (and biological) costs will be high, and that effective actions can be taken to reduce the impacts.

    Conclusions of this ilk come from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a massive peer-reviewed process of researchers around the world facilitated by the UN and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) that — while imperfect — is nevertheless quite robust.

    Here’s the rub:  it doesn’t matter that ten or twenty times as many experts of at least comparable quality can be amassed on the other side of the issue to outweigh the signatories of this open letter.

    Notwithstanding the vast body of evidence concerning climate change, there are in fact certain elements of climate science that are admittedly unknown or not well understood.  Even the IPCC experts would agree.  And, because of that, it is in fact somewhat inappropriate to say cavalierly, as Ban Ki-Moon and others such as Al Gore have said, that “the science is settled.”

    Even though assembling a vast quantity of data and analyses make for a damn persuasive case to most reasonable people, the science is not, fully, settled.  In fact, given the daunting complexity of the global climate system,  that will surely always be the case.

    Those with closed minds — who for whatever reason choose to ignore the preponderance of evidence and focus instead on the exceptions — will not concede the likelihood of climate change.  To them, the outliers and unknowns mean that there could theoretically be a possibility that human-driven climate change isn’t really happening, ergo let’s not get worried about it until it can be proven (which, for them, will generally be never).

    As a result, stalemate exists.  This is just fine for climate deniers and those who have a vested interest in maintaining the status quo — the former often being funded by the latter.

    Extreme flip statements like “the science is settled” only harden the opposition.  It’s not the first time, and certainly won’t be the last, that too-strident environmentalists have harmed rather than helped the causes about which they care.

    The open letter to Ban Ki-Moon does, however, have one notable redeeming feature.  It is found in the last sentence:  “Climate policies therefore need to focus on preparation for, and adaptation to, all dangerous climatic events however caused.”

    This inarguable position in favor of improving our adaptation capabilities is an increasing focus of the climate debates.

    The stalemate on climate change policy means that chances are growing that our time is shrinking to do anything meaningful to prevent significant future climate change.  Accordingly, the best we may be able to do is to agree to limit the impacts that more severe weather would create.

    We can argue about whether weather severity is on the rise.  However, if we waste our time arguing about that (which we are), we will have less time to spend on actually preparing more prudently for the future — whether it’s as worrisome as many climate scientists think it will be, or it’s a “don’t worry, be happy” world just like today’s.

    The Deeper Meaning of Sandy

    Watching the video feeds from the New York and New Jersey areas in the wake of Sandy reminded me of the images seven years ago from New Orleans being decimated by Katrina.

    Other than perhaps providing a warning not to call a particular geographic area “New” anything, what do these storms tell us?

    Like Katrina did, Sandy reminds us most poignantly how little most Americans think about the reliability and importance of energy – until it’s not there.  And then, they think about it – a lot.

    The sight of people lining up for gasoline, and fighting about who gets to the pump first, is evidence of the dependence of our society on commodities over which individuals ultimately have minimal control.

    The sight of people screaming at civic leaders about the slow pace of power restoration says volumes about the resentment about our subservience to technology – and the necessary prerequisites that enable technology to actually work.

    The sight of people desperately tapping into scattered energized cell phone charging sites, so that they can maintain connectivity to others that they depend on or that depend on them, confirms the observation that our species is no longer able to be truly self-sufficient, much as some may like to think otherwise.

    Sandy thus reminds us that our vehicles and our buildings and our communications need constant access to energy, whether electricity, gasoline, diesel or natural gas.  Without energy, these artifacts of modernity quickly become irrelevant.  Without energy, 21st Century humans can barely survive at all.

    In turn, the supply line of energy provision is an immense enterprise that can nevertheless be easily disrupted.  The short-term consequences can be acutely tragic, with damaging economic effects that can linger for a long, long time.

    One consequence of Sandy is that, like Katrina, it has elevated the topic of climate change in the national discourse.

    Many advocates had been complaining about “climate silence” during the 2012 Presidential campaign, but New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg threw the issue into the spotlight in the wake of Sandy by endorsing Obama over Romney.  The endorsement came in large part because Bloomberg believed that Sandy was amplified by climate change, and that candidate Obama was more committed to taking action to combat climate change, thereby reducing the risks to low-lying places such as New York in the future.

    The hand-wringing conversations occurring now are similar to those immediately post-Katrina, and I expect that the U.S. will similarly act on climate change now as it has consistently since then – with no action.

    Alas, that’s because the political climate in Washington is probably in worse shape than the atmospheric climate covering the planet.

    Although we can’t say for sure that Sandy (or Katrina, or any of the other mega-storms of recent years) were caused or even worsened by anthropogenic climate change, most experts agree that the frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events is likely to increase as the energetic content of the atmosphere and oceans has risen with decades of carbon dioxide emissions – from consuming the energy upon which we so utterly rely.

    Moreover, experts also agree that the emissions of the past decades have still yet to exert their full impact on the climate, so some additional worsening is likely baked in, even if the world (especially the U.S.) finally decides to do something to control emissions on a going-forward basis.

    So:  Expect more Sandies and Katrinas.  Expect more heat waves.  Expect more droughts.

    In fact, expect more blizzards too.  The average temperature of the planet may be increasing, but the probability distribution of temperatures is widening, which means cold events will still happen on occasion.  And, when they do, they may well be accompanied by more moisture – hence, blizzards.

    All of this illuminates a central thrust of how the cleantech sector can best help mankind in the decades to come, in the face of what is likely to be increasing climate chaos:  adaptation.

    Adaptation has many forms.  For instance, adaptation should force a re-think about the wisdom of civil construction right along ocean shorelines.  Adaption might involve people relocating to live within reasonable walking distance of their workplace, not reliant on vehicles or public transportation.

    Adaptation also suggests that, given an increasing exposure to storms like Sandy (and other threats such as terror attacks), the energy system should be designed and built with greater redundancy and dispersion of assets, to be more robust in the face of overwhelming events – of which Sandy is just the latest.

    Sandy should provide an impetus for increased installation of uninterruptible power systems and backup/standby generators – especially at gasoline stations, many of which in the Northeast were put out of commission due to lack of electricity – as well as an awareness NOT to situate these devices in places where they will be flooded and hence unusable exactly when they’re most needed.

    More broadly, becoming more resilient in a more turbulent world implies a move away from a centralized energy topology based on large-scale refineries and powerplants, and the huge corporations that own and operate them.

    Making that transition would not only be expensive, as it implies a massive change-out in the nation’s energy infrastructure, but it would be highly uncomfortable.

    Although they like to think that the nation has been built largely from the bottom-up via individual initiative, Americans are stuck in an outdated “top-down” mentality when it comes to the energy sector.

    Americans are complacent about their reliance on the power grid and on petroleum-fueled vehicles.  They want continuous access to any form of energy at virtually no cost.  While they prefer minimal environmental impact and detest the strategic reliance on the Middle East for oil, they heartily trade off higher emissions or ongoing geopolitical subjugation for a just few cents cheaper.

    Americans may not much like Big Oil, or utility monopolies, or the dirtiness of the coal sector, but they don’t want to sully themselves by doing much to disrupt them from their current dominance.  They certainly have limited appetite for taking energy matters into their own hands by supporting novel smaller-scale distributed energy approaches being pursued by cleantech innovators that may entail a little more cost (at least currently).

    In many ways, the American willingness to go along with the energy status quo mirrors the American dependence on large institutions – governments and corporations alike – that are nevertheless widely-hated and even antithetical to the idealized notion of American self-reliance.

    Sandy thus has highlighted the deeply-seated fear and loathing of the United States, circa 2012, in a way that would do Hunter S. Thompson proud.  The physical damage wrought by Sandy upon New York and New Jersey is a metaphor for the salt that Sandy has thrown in the open wounds of the collective American psyche.

    There is a joke that asks “How many psychiatrists does it take to change a lightbulb?”  The answer is “Just one, but the light bulb really has to want to change.”

    Whether Americans in the wake of Sandy will want to undertake the effort to change, in order to not only heal themselves but inoculate themselves against challenges posed by future storms like Sandy, is a major question.  The evidence, post-Katrina, indicates a high willingness to moan and groan, but a limited appetite for making the necessary commitments and sacrifices to effect meaningful long-term improvement.

    Meanwhile, the cleantech community continues to press forward, under the forecast that opportunities for positive impact will only increase in the years to come.

    Hot Enough For You?

    So far, the summer of 2012 has been a scorcher for most of the U.S., following hot on the heels of a much warmer than usual winter. 

    Last week, as reported by the Washington Post, the National Climatic Data Center released its State of the Climate report for June, in which NCDC noted that not only were the last 12 months of U.S. temperatures the hottest in recorded history, the last 13 months in a row were all well above average.  The NCDC then calculated the chances of this series of above-average temperature outcomes happening randomly to be on the order of 1 out of 1.6 million.  (Subsequent analysis suggests that the true odds may be somewhat lower, but still extraordinarily slim.)

    It’s thus very tempting to claim that the recent heat must be due to anthropogenic climate change, what some people term “man-made global warming”…and it may be so.  This article hints that the recent heat wave “is what climate change looks like.”

    Of course, responsible journalists know that any small sample of weather results, even a whole year’s worth of data over an entire continent, can not possibly be conclusive.  This recent oped in the Los Angeles Times makes all the right caveats. 

    The one data trend that’s most troubling to me is the ratio of record high temperatures to record low temperatures.  Logic dictates that this ratio, in a stable climate, should be approximately 1:1.  However, as reported here (by Fox News, no less!), the website Climate Central has been tracking the ratio at approximately 2:1 for the past several years, with about 7:1 for 2012 to date.

    In the most extreme example I know, as reported here, the record high temperature for International Falls MN on March 19 was eclipsed this spring by that day’s low temperature.  (The prior day’s high temperature obliterated the previous record high by a ridiculous 22 degrees F.)

    What are ya gonna do?  Well, adapt. 

    It’s not a new thought:  I recall Bill Nitze making this case to me about eight years ago, recognizing that whatever response humans might make to reduce greenhouse gas emissions was going to be insufficient to completely prevent significant climate changes from occurring.  Thus, we’d better prepare.

    Nitze’s credentials as a thought-leader for the cleantech sector are unimpeachable, but the concept of focusing on adaptation rather than prevention was (and remains) to me somewhat of a surrenderist perspective. 

    Now, as reported here by the Associated Press, we’re hearing some of the same things from Rex Tillerson, CEO of ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM)

    Basically, Tillerson’s message is:  climate change is happening, human activity is probably causing it, but it’s not that big of a deal, fear-mongers are overblowing the issue, and humans can adapt sufficiently.  “It’s an engineering problem and there will be an engineering solution.”

    Gee, thanks, that’s reassuring:  coming from the same company that brought you the Exxon Valdez, the accident that couldn’t happen.

    As an aside, adaptation-enabling or -related technologies will be difficult for the investor community to finance, simply because it’s unclear who the customers would be, and what pricing mechanisms would support them.

    So, are we going to have to wait until climate change becomes unmanageable before we start managing it?  Because, if we do wait that long, we’ll be behind the curve by several decades. 

    Tillerson’s comments became somewhat of a news item because ExxonMobil has historically tended to deny climate change as an issue, and the fingerprints (i.e., funding) of ExxonMobil have been found on many of the works by climate change skeptics.

    In response to ExxonMobil’s kinda-sorta admission of climate change, the Financial Times ran its own oped:  adaptation is necessary, but it shouldn’t be sufficient, as the response to the situation we collectively face. 

    Echoing the sort of calculus that was first and most famously pursued in the Stern report of 2006, FT argues that “the warmer the world gets, the more likely it is that [the costs of climate change] will outweigh the price tag for curbing emissions…The sooner the world gets to grips with it, the lower the eventual costs will be.”

    In other words, FT (and the Stern report) suggest that simply relying on adaptation ex post will be more expensive than taking some ameliorating actions in advance.

    Alas, there simply is not the political will to do anything in the near-term.  I recall a candid off-the-record conversation about a year ago with a recently-retired C-level executive from a major oil company who previewed Tillerson’s comments from last month, but with a harsher reality.  I don’t remember his exact words, but they were something like:  “Anthropogenic climate change is almost certainly happening, but there are too many vested interests at stake that want society NOT to do anything about it.  So, we’ll have to adapt.”

    Maybe at some point there will be enough decision-makers and thought-leaders who will eventually feel that there’s enough evidence to do something proactive to mitigate man-made climate change.  However, aided by the fact that the playbook of climate deniers is ingenious at obfuscating public and political opinion, there is likely to always be a significant enough body of power for whom climate science is not sufficiently “settled”.  For these people, there will never be definitive proof of human-induced climate change, and thus never adequate justification for action.  They are likely to be blockers for a long time to come.

    Without political action to limit greenhouse gas emissions, and without a situation conducive to investment in adaptation, our society will likely be faced with increasing climatic pummeling by a world going madder. 

    If it’s not hot enough for you now, just wait till next decade.

    Absent an at-scale program with the potential for meaningful impact, my best idea for individual adaptation:  a cold beer in the shade, anyone?

    Climate Change Mitigation: Refocus Needed

    In most of the discussions about anthropogenic (i.e., human-influenced) climate change, the concept of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is usually short-handed to carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.  In fact, humans are responsible for emissions of many other pollutants that contribute to climate change, and while these emissions are sometimes converted into “CO2-equivalents” to make discussions simpler, it’s pretty clear that — when it comes to climate change — some emissions are much more important than others.

    While CO2 represents the bulk of GHG emissions (in terms of quantities), methane (CH4) is about 20-25 times as potent on a per-unit basis.  And, when it falls to the ground, soot (technically referred to as “black carbon”) increases the rate of snow/ice melt, and is possibly at the root of accelerating melt in the polar ecosystems.

    Accordingly, in a recent issue of the journal Science, a new study by a long list of collaborators posits that the fastest way to a significantly better (i.e., less dramatically increasing) trajectory in future average planetary temperatures is for society to focus on reducing methane and soot emissions, rather than CO2 emissions.  Based on the study’s projections, it appears that concerted efforts to reduce methane and soot emissions will achieve a large share of the reduced rate of temperature increase that an all-out effort to curb CO2 emissions would achieve.

    Since methane and soot have short residence times in the atmosphere (unlike CO2), an immediate reduction on these emissions will translate to immediate improvements in GHG levels.  Also, reducing methane and soot emissions will have significant benefits in alleviating local air quality issues and thereby improving human health, by mitigating ground-level ozone formation and reducing airborne particulates.

    Of course, the big kahuna in anthropogenic climate change remains CO2, which is emitted into the atmosphere when anything is burned — and much of what gets burned is fossil fuels.  Alas, fossil fuels represent a very lucrative enterprise for many of the world’s largest corporations in the energy business, and a critical enabler of the commercial output and social lifestyles that define 21st Century human existence.  Consequently, there’s immense political and public resistance to imposing any limitations on fossil fuel consumption in order to reduce CO2 emissions. 

    So, perhaps a shifting of focus by the cleantech world away from CO2 reductions toward methane/soot reductions would be much more politically acceptable for the foreseeable future and thus would actually gain some real traction. 

    It would certainly be more helpful to the planet than another series of endless climate negotiations in far-flung exotic cities that themselves produce a lot of emissions (figuratively and literally) and little substantive progress. 

    Some of the most strident opponents of cap-and-trade on CO2 emissions will have a hard time objecting to measures that reduce methane and soot emissions.  Indeed, the more that methane can be captured rather than released to the air, the more it can be used to supply our energy needs.  Thus, cleantech innovators and investors should put soot and methane emissions higher on the list of areas to tackle with their incremental efforts — as they are more likely to be rewarded than a continued frontal-assault on CO2 emissions.

     

    A World of Hurt

    Seemingly generating nary a ripple here in the U.S., the International Energy Agency (IEA) just issued its 2011 World Energy Outlook — its annual synopsis on the future of the global energy sector. 

    If ignorance is bliss, then we’re certainly blessed by generally not bothering to confront the pretty-alarming conclusions of the report. 

    A pastiche of the highlighted snippets in the Executive Summary, when stitched together, provide a glimpse of the world we’re now choosing to invent for ourselves and future generations:

    “There are few signs that the urgently needed change in direction in global energy trends is underway.”

    “Global investment in energy supply infrastructure of $38 trillion (in year-2010 dollars) is required over the period 2011 to 2035.”

    “The age of fossil fuels is far from over, but their dominance declines.”

    “The cost of bringing oil to market rises as oil companies are forced to turn to more difficult and costly sources to replace lost capacity and meet rising demand.”

    “Factors both on the supply and demand sides point to a bright future, even a golden age, for natural gas.”

    “Coal has met almost half of the increase in global energy demand over the last decade.  Whether this trend alters and how quickly is among the most important questions for the future of the global energy economy.”

    “The dynamics of energy markets are increasingly determined by countries outside the OECD.”

    “All of the net increase in oil demand comes from the transport sector in emerging economies, as economic growth pushes up demand for personal mobility and freight.”

    “China’s consumption of coal is almost half of global demand and its Five-Year Plan for 2011 to 2015, which aims to reduce the energy and carbon intensity of the economy, will be a determining factor for world coal markets.”

    “Russia’s large energy resources underpin its continuing role as a cornerstone of the global energy economy of the coming decades.  Russia aims to create a more efficient economy, less dependent on oil and gas, but needs to pick up the pace of change.”

    “International concern about the issue of energy access is growing.  Around $9 billion was invested globally to provide first access to modern energy, but more than five-times this amount, $48 billion, needs to be invested each year if universal access is to be achieved by 2030.”

    “We cannot afford to delay further action to combat climate change.”

    “New energy efficiency measures make a difference, but much more is required.”

    “Widespread deployment of more efficient coal-fired power plants and carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology could boost the long-term prospects for coal, but there are still considerable hurdles.”

    “Events at Fukushima Daiichi have raised questions about the future of nuclear power.”

    “The wide difference in outcomes between [the scenarios analyzed in this report] underlies the critical role of governments to define the objectives and implement the policies necessary to shape our future.”

    When observing the dysfunctional nature of the current political ecosystems in the U.S., in Europe, and in world affairs (e.g., the United Nations), and the increasing imperative for economic austerity to resolve the shortfalls in public coffers, it is hard to believe that governments (other than autocratic places like China and Russia) will be able to take any meaningful action to nudge the energy sector from its trajectory of “muddle-along.”  The chaos that IEA describes in the world energy scene will thus likely only intensify.

    Lots of challenges in this world.  But, then again, lots of opportunities too.

    Keystone Cops

    As mentioned in a prior posting, I recently traveled to Canada as part of a delegation convened by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs to consider energy trade issues of importance to Canada and the U.S. – especially in the Midwest.

    The second stop on our journey, after a day and a half in Manitoba to gain a deeper appreciation of Manitoba Hydro, was northern Alberta, which has become the epicenter of one of the largest energy opportunities and simultaneously one of the most controversial environmental issues facing those of us in the cleantech sector.

    Of course, I’m writing about the Athabasca oil sands, one of the largest reserves of commercially-recoverable oil (using currently-available practices) on the planet. 

    The main attraction of the Alberta leg of our trip was a visit to the operations of Suncor Energy (TSX: SU), one of the largest producers operating in the Athabasca, about 20 miles north of the boom-town of Fort McMurray.

    Several indisputable facts are important to lay out concerning the oil sands in Alberta before addressing the issues at hand.

    • The Athabasca oil sands resource is massive:  an estimated 1.7 trillion barrels theoretical maximum, or about 170 billion barrels assuming a 10% recovery rate.  The only larger set of proven oil reserves in the world is in Saudi Arabia.  Significant portions of these reserves are economically-recoverable at oil prices of $75/bbl or even lower.
    • Current production levels from the Alberta oil sands are about 1.5 million barrels per day, mainly using surface mining techniques.  Surface mining imposes significant environmental scars upon the landscape for many years.  Most future production growth will be from parts of the resource that are deeper underground and thus not amenable to surface mining approaches, and will be accessed by in-situ recovery methods such as steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) that impose far less environmental impact.
    • Because the resource is inferior in innate quality to so-called “sweet crudes” of West Texas that have become the oil industry benchmark, significant energetic inputs are required to “upgrade” recovered oil sands into a grade of oil that can flow easily through pipelines and be processed by refineries into transportation fuels.  As a result of all the extra pre-refining efforts, the carbon footprint of using fuels from oil sands is higher than from other sources around the world.  According to a report by IHS CERA, producing a gallon of gasoline or diesel from oil sands unleashes about 40-70% more greenhouse gases than for the average fuel burned in the U.S.
    • The U.S. consumes over twenty percent of annual world oil production, yet has only a couple percent of the world’s proven reserves.  Consequently, the U.S. needs to import about 40 percent of its day-to-day oil requirements.  Canada is the largest source of U.S. oil imports, mainly oil sands production from Alberta.  Without the Alberta oil sands, the U.S. would surely need to import much more oil from Saudi Arabia and other Middle Eastern countries.
    • World oil demand is on the order of 85 million barrels per day, and lacking an widely-scaled substitute for oil to supply ever-increasing transportation demands, almost every observer of the energy markets expects that number to only increase.  This is due to the rise of the developing world into 20th and 21st Century standards of living. 
    • Nowhere is this more true than China.  Given rapid economic expansion on its huge population and industrial base, China is the largest driver of future growth in global oil demand.  Sometime in the next 20 years, China will likely overtake the U.S. in world oil consumption.  Yet, like the U.S., China has only a tiny share of the world’s oil endowment.  As a result, China is mobilizing around the world to acquire rights to oil resources – and is especially active in investing in Alberta oil sands projects.
    • Between potential Chinese and American demands, private investment in the oil sands is exploding.  About $10 billion per year is pouring into the Athabasca oil sands, with an aim to boost production to 3.5 million barrels per year by 2020. 
    • Two major pipeline construction projects are proposed to correspond to the increased planned production in Alberta:  to refineries in the U.S. via an expansion of the Keystone Pipeline System called Keystone XL being proposed by TransCanada (TSX: TRP), and to the British Columbia coast via the Northern Gateway Pipeline under development by Enbridge (NYSE: ENB),  for shipment by tankers plying the Pacific Ocean to refineries in Asia and America.

    And herein lies the rub:  the Keystone XL project has quickly become one of the most contentious environmental battlegrounds in recent memory.  The issue has become a national cause.  Over the past few weeks, protesters have camped out in front of the White House demanding that the U.S. to deny construction of Keystone XL.  The New York Times has come out squarely against Keystone XL.

    Environmental advocates hope to stop Keystone XL for three primary reasons:

    1. Climate change.  James Hansen of NASA, one of the pre-eminent voices leading the charge for addressing the threat of climate change, has said that it’s “game over for our planet” if the Keystone XL pipeline is developed.  A good part of this claim arises from the fatter carbon footprint associated with oil sands relative to other sources of oil:  that using oil sands for our transportation fuels will imperil the climate more rapidly.  Directionally, this is correct.  However, while oil sands may have a 40-70% larger carbon footprint on a “wells-to-pump” basis, on the more relevant “wells-to-wheels” basis, oil sands is “only” 5-15% worse.  Far and away, most of the greenhouse gases associated with petroleum use are associated with actually burning the fuel in our vehicles, not in producing and refining it.  In other words, improving auto efficiencies by 20% is more important to climate change than the choice of oil sands vs. other crudes.
    2. Environmental degradation.  No question, mining oil sands is ugly and damaging, as documented by such observers at Andrew Nikiforuk.  But, the boreal forests of northern Alberta, while beautiful, are massive in their extent and mining operations operations are taking only an infinitesimal fraction of it.  Reclamation techniques being developed by Canmet (Canada’s national energy R&D institute) and employed by operators like Suncor are cause for cautious optimism that the land can be remediated back to a healthy ecosystem, albeit with a several-decade time horizon.  And, in-situ SAGD operations will likely comprise a significant share of the incremental production from the Athabasca, imposing much less negative impact on the local environment.  Finally, we should note that there are lots of no-less-ugly and no-less-damaging operations in strip mining for coal in the Powder River Basin and mountaintop removal in Appalachia — both of which are happening right here in the U.S. of A., and both of which entail a fuel that is higher-carbon than oil and can more easily be displaced by many other more-environmentally friendly substitutes.  
    3. Risk of oil spills.  Between the Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska, the BP Deepwater Horizon fiasco in the Gulf of Mexico, and this year’s Yellowstone River leak, oil companies don’t have anywhere near a perfect record at ensuring oil doesn’t end up in pristine places where it shouldn’t be.  Governor Dave Heinemen of Nebraska, a Republican whose party is more than occasionally associated with the “drill, baby, drill” mantra, has come out in opposition to Keystone XL for fear that any leaks will taint the Ogallala Aquifer.  However, it should be noted that oil pipelines already cross the aquifer — and these older lines are probably more subject to failure than any newer ones that might be built.

    While I am sympathetic to these concerns at a conceptual level, I frankly think they’re a bit overblown.  Accordingly, I don’t think that stopping or even delaying Keystone XL will yield much environmental benefit. 

    As noted above, the Alberta oil sands are vast and economic to produce — and continued robust demand in the world oil markets, especially from China, will drive these resources to be developed promptly.  If the resources are developed promptly, then all of the climate change and environmental degradation that protesters hope to avoid by blocking Keystone XL will happen anyway. 

    OK, granted, if Keystone XL isn’t built, there wouldn’t be any additional oil spills in the Midwestern Great Plains of the U.S. (beyond what already might occur from the existing oil pipeline network).  However, the size of Northern Gateway would probably be expanded to scoop up the volumes that would have gone south to the U.S. via Keystone XL — and there would be at least an equivalent if not greater risk of spills along the Northern Gateway pipeline route across the Canadian Rockies or in the Pacific Ocean or along the pristine B.C. coastline.

    In other words, if the opposition succeeds and the U.S. doesn’t allow Keystone XL to happen, it probably won’t end up helping the environment anyway.

    Instead, all it would do is piss off our friendly neighbor:  note that Alberta has enacted the only binding carbon emission reduction program in North America, and standing in Canadian shoes for a moment, it would be more than a little annoying to be scolded by Americans for climate malfeasance when the U.S. hasn’t done jack-squat on the issue.

    In addition, denying Keystone XL would only cause the U.S. to import more oil from other less-friendly and farther-flung places — perhaps at higher net out-of-pocket costs to American consumers to boot.  Although I suspect the estimated impacts are overblown, there would also be the foregone economic development benefits to the U.S. associated with constructing and operating the Keystone XL pipeline if it’s installed.

    So, notwithstanding the good intentions of those who are against Keystone XL, I respectfully can’t agree with their position.  As I recently wrote to my good friend Stefanie Spear, publisher of EcoWatch Ohio, even if I don’t like the facts, I can’t dismiss them.

    I can’t see any way around concluding this:  since it’s probably about a wash from an environmental standpoint, the U.S. should allow Keystone XL, so that we can at least obtain the economic and geopolitical benefits that trading with our preferred partner Canada (instead of, say, Venezuela or Saudi Arabia or Nigeria) affords.

    Based on recent statements by Secretary of Energy Chu and insider rumors about the leanings of the State Department (which is the lead agency in reviewing the Keystone XL proposal), I suspect the Obama Administration will grant approvals for Keystone XL, because they sense the calculus of these tradeoffs.  A final decision is due by the end of 2011.

    The problem is not Keystone XL.  Our problem is actually quite simple, although completely different:  we — especially the profligate U.S., but the whole world as well — need to stop using anywhere as much oil as we do. 

    Only when we reduce the consumption of oil in a meaningful way will we meaningfully reduce emissions from oil burning, environmental degradation associated with oil recovery, and risk of oil spills in transportation.  

    Arresting the development of a new oil pipeline is merely re-arranging the deck chairs on the Titanic.

    We need to kick our “addiction to oil”, as acknowledged by President Bush way back in January 2006, not worry about where the oil is coming from.  Only when we start weaning ourselves off oil will projects like these not happen — because they won’t provide good financial returns as demand for the stuff falls. 

    Getting off oil in a big way very quickly would only happen if there were  large/rapid shifts in non-petroleum (electric, natural gas or biofuel) vehicle penetration, massive expansion of public transportation, and/or major reconfiguration of 21st Century  live/work/shop/play patterns.

    I would rather the protesters turn their energy towards rerouting the pipeline around the Ogallala — perhaps the most well-grounded concern.  

    Otherwise, I would like to see more outrage directed towards the more useful aim of actions to reduce oil demand for transportation — higher fuel taxes, carbon emission reduction requirements, public transportation, smart growth zoning, R&D programs for biofuels and batteries.  And, towards reducing coal demand for power generation too.

    Without major declines in world oil demand, stopping Keystone XL really won’t matter much from an environmental standpoint, no matter how much James Hansen and others wail.  The protesters can win at best a symbolic victory.

     

    What If…?

    …someone invents an economically-competitive energy storage technology that could be deployed at any electricity substation at megawatt-hour scale?

    …the power grid were brought up to 21st Century standards to match the true power quality needs of our increasingly digital society?

    …high-speed rail was not the exclusive province of Europe and Asia?

    …customers had real choice about electricity supplies, via ubiquitously cost-effective on-site generation options?

    …cities and industries pursued viable cogeneration options with real vigor, and companies like Echogen revolutionize the capture of waste heat?

    …the use of fracking was reliably paired with other technologies and solid oversight to assure that local water quality is not harmed when shale gas is produced?

    …recovering coal and tar sands was undertaken only via mining approaches that don’t leave huge gouges in the earth’s crust?

    …all companies involved in the mining and burning of coal would honestly acknowledge and deal responsibly with the environmental challenges associated with coal?

    carbon sequestration technologies are more than just a pipe dream and can be widely applied with confidence that no leakage will occur?

    …environmentally-responsible technologies were commercialized to produce oil from shale in the Piceance Basin, making the U.S. self-sufficient for years to come?

    Joule is really onto something and can produce liquid fuels for transportation directly from the sun?

    …fuel cells expand beyond niche markets via continuing improvements in technology and economics to penetrate mass-market applications?

    nuclear fusion could ever become viable as a technology for generating electricity?

    …new technologies for the production and use of energy in a more environmentally-sustainable matter were responsible for a major share of new jobs and economic growth in the U.S.?

    …we stopped sending hundreds of billions of dollars overseas every year to fight both sides of the war on terrorism?

    …we stopped subsidizing mature and profitable forms of energy?

    …we determined that climate change was simply too big of a risk to keep ignoring and decided to tackle the issue out of concern for the future?

    …Americans were willing to pay at least a little bit more for energy to help defray the costs of pursuing much — and achieving at least some — of the above?

    …we later found out that we didn’t spend that much more money and also found ourselves living on a healthier planet and in a more fiscally-solvent country with a viable industrial future?

    …certain fossil fuel and other corporate interests would cease misinforming the public on many economic and environmental issues related to energy consumption?

    …Democrats and Republicans could come together and do what’s best for the country rather than what’s best to strengthen or preserve their party’s political power?

    …more Americans cared about the above than who wins American Idol, Survivor or Dancing With the Stars?

    Interview with Dr. Frank Ling on Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

    Our longtime Cleantech.org portal manager, and editor of the weekly Cleantech.org newsletter is a researcher at one of the top climate change research institutes in the world, where among other projects he is editing a book on climate change. He was recently inteviewed by Green Japan on the subject of climate change mitigation and adaptation.

    Dr. Frank Ling on Climate Change

    Frank Hiroshi Ling is a climate policy researcher. In this part of interview, he talks about what brought him to this area and analyzes the results and solutions of climate change. With the help of policy and technology, what can we and the government do to help solve climate change issue and other issues?

    Frank’s bio, for those of you who haven’t met him.

    Frank Hiroshi Ling is a climate policy researcher and entrepreneur. He has extensive experience in scientific research, environmental and energy policy, and media. Currently based in Japan, he is a researcher in climate adaptation at Institute for Global Change Adaptation Science (ICAS) at Ibaraki University. He also works with IGES as an editor of the forthcoming book “Transition to Low Carbon, Climate Resilient Asia: Opportunities and Challenges.”

    Dr. Ling is also the host and co-creator of the Groks Science Show, a highly humorous and popular radio and podcast program, with Dr. Charles Lee. In addition, Frank oversees Cleantech.Org, a web portal for catalyzing investments in new technologies that promote environmental sustainability.

    Dr. Ling received his Ph.D. from the Department of Chemistry at the University of California at Berkeley and was a post-doctoral fellow at the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory and at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Frank received his Bachelors of Science in Chemical Engineering from Caltech and his MS degree from the University of California at Santa Barbara. He has received numerous awards for his research and contributions to science education. In 2006, he received the Mass Media Fellowship Award from the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has also been a Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Graduate Fellow at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C.

    The Thorny Nexus: Science and Religion and Politics and Climate Change

    by Richard T. Stuebi

    A fascinating article in Slate noted that 55% of scientists in the U.S. are Democrats, as opposed to 6% Republicans (with the remainder being independents or “don’t know”).  Since most Democrats favor action on climate change, so do most scientists. 

    The implication, as the Slate article says:  “the results of climate science, delivered by scientists who are overwhelmingly Democratic, are used over a period of decades to advance a political agenda that happens to align precisely with the ideological preferences of Democrats.  Coincidence — or causation?”

    The flip-side of this equation is religion.  Gallup has found that Republicans tend to be more religious than Democrats.  And, Republicans are generally more skeptical about the climate change phenomenon — (1) whether it’s happening at all, (2) even if so, whether human activity is causing it, and (3) even if so, whether it’s worth spending anything more than zero to do anything about it.

    It also follows, then, that there is a negative correlation between religious belief and concern about climate change.  Put more simply, the more a person has religious faith, the less a person tends to worry about climate change.

    If religious fervor can be quantitatively assessed, then it’s safe to say that evangelicals would get a high score, and it seems to be the case that evangelicals are especially adverse to the climate change issue.

    As reported in the New York Times article “An Evangelical Backlash Against Environmentalism”, a non-profit evangelical organization called the Cornwall Alliance calls the environmental movement a “false religion”, and has issued an educational program titled “Resisting the Green Dragon” to warn Christians that the forces of radical environmentalism are seeking tyrannical control over all other beloved institutions such as God and country. 

    To make matters more confusing, a court in England ruled in 2009 that a belief in climate change can be considered a religion in itself.

    With respect to climate change, the “Evangelical Declaration on Global Warming” is well worth reading in its entirety to get a flavor of the position of the Cornwall Alliance.  It’s a far cry from the “creation-care” movement that other less-strident Christians have embraced, using theology as a foundation for planetary stewardship. 

    It would appear that the ages-old schism between religion and science has therefore appropriated climate change as the newest issue over which to tangle.  Since the two U.S. political parties tend to cleave pretty neatly also alongside the science/religion divide, it makes the climate change debate particularly thorny and hard to untangle in either our churches or our legislatures, since strongly-held beliefs are always more emotionally powerful than facts.

    7 Book Reviews in Cleantech and Energy

    Sandor Schoichet s a longtime Cleantech Blog reader, and Director of Meridian Management Consultants.  Sandor has EE and SM degrees in Electrical Engineering & Computer Science from MIT, where he studied artificial intelligence, office automation, and business process reengineering, and completed a joint program in Management of Innovation at the Sloan and Harvard business schools. He holds undergraduate degrees in Information Sciences and Philosophy from UC Santa Cruz.  He published these book reviews on our sister site Cleantech.org, and following our Cleantech Bookshelf,  we liked them so much we’re republishing them here as a Reader’s Choice Bookshelf.

    Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution
    by Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins, L. Hunter Lovins

    If there was one key to turning around the damaging business and environmental practices of modern culture, what would it be?  ‘Natural Capitalism,’ the seminal 1999 call for a broader focus on sustainability, presents an overwhelming case that the key is resource efficiency and effectiveness.  Just as conventional capitalism is all about using financial capital effectively, so ‘natural capitalism’ is about expanding that bottom line focus to include the  natural resources and ecosystem services underlying the ability of business and society to function in the first place.  The authors argue that with appropriate shifts in business perspective and government policy, our economy could be something like 90% more efficient in its use of irreplaceable natural resources, thereby mitigating ecosystem impacts, enabling global development, and staving off climate change.

    Throughout history, until very recently, man has been a small actor in an overwhelmingly large world.  Most of the book explores how this has given rise to our ingrained cultural patterns of wasteful resource utilization, limited focus on capital efficiency, and drive for production volumes, while assuming unbounded access to subsidized natural resources and ‘free’ ecosystem services.  Shifting perspective to include natural capital on the business balance sheet, and to expand lean manufacturing principles beyond the factory walls is what’s required to address the ecology/climate change nexus.  This change in perspective is embodied in a range of sustainable business concepts, including the ‘triple bottom line’ (profits, people, and planet), and the ‘cradle-to-cradle’ model for recycling products and integrating industries to eliminate ‘waste’.

    The basic principles of natural capitalism put forward can be summarized as: (1) focus on natural resource efficiency (2) using closed loop, biomemetic, nontoxic processes (3) to deliver more appropriate end-user services (4) while investing in restoring, sustaining, and expanding natural capital.  Following these principles leads not to constraints on business or lowered expectations, but an enormous range of new business opportunities to profit from improved efficiencies and environmentally beneficial activities.  One of the best expressions of this perspective comes in the discussion on climate change, providing a refreshing contrast to the recent spate of bad news on this front: “Together, the [available business] opportunities can turn climate change into an unnecessary artifact of [our] uneconomically wasteful use of resources.”

    While the authors deliver an awesome, deeply researched articulation of their vision, showing with many examples why it’s important and how it can work within our current capitalistic economies, the book has two key flaws.  First, it falls prey to the syndrome first articulated by Paul Saffo, founder of the Institute for the Future, of confusing a clear vision of the future with a short path.  This combines with an  excessive reliance on sheer volume of examples to make their points, too many of them poorly explained, bristling with non-comparable numbers, and substituting hand-waving for real outcomes.  Deeper exploration of fewer examples might have illustrated the principles better, and have been much easier to read.  Also, 11 years after the original publication, many of the examples are seen to be hastily chosen and and used to support glib and overreaching conclusions that make the authors seem naive.  Examples include the advent hydrogen powered cars (“hypercars”), the potential for shutting down Ruhr Valley coal production in favor of direct social payments to coal workers, or the imminent triumph of the Kyoto Protocols for international carbon trading.  And, while much attention is paid to articulating the perverse incentives, misguided taxes and subsidies, and split responsibilities that impede more efficient system approaches, there’s short shrift given to new technology adoption rates, the scale of existing infrastructure investments, or the political complexities of changing incentives and subsidies.

    However, if you are interested in understanding the genesis and foundations of the modern sustainability movement, this is a fundamental text.  Despite its flaws, after 11 years the fundamental argument and principles hold up well and are still inspiring.

    Power Hungry: The Myths of “Green” Energy and the Real Fuels of the Future
    by Robert Bryce

    Bryce bills himself as a purveyor of “industrial strength journalism,” and ‘Power Hungry’ doesn’t disappoint. Starting with a clear statement of his own energy policy – “I’m in favor of air conditioning and cold beer.” – Bryce provides a muscular, data-driven analysis of our modern industrial civilization and the changing mix of energy sources that power it. This is an eye-opening discussion that does an unusually good job of conveying the scale of our existing energy infrastructure, and the challenge of providing adequate energy supplies for the future, not just for the US and Europe, but for the developing world and the third world as well, under the constraints of economics and decarbonization. Bryce articulate four energy imperatives – power density, energy density, cost, and scale – and uses them as a consistent framework for looking at what he calls the “Myths of Green Energy.” His “myths” run the gamut from the idea that wind power can really reduce overall CO2 emissions, to the idea that the US lags other countries in energy efficiency, to the idea that carbon capture and sequestration could work at scale, and intriguingly, even the idea that oil is a dirty fuel compared to the alternatives. While the debunking of green alternatives has flaws, especially in the lack of attention to advanced biofuels, smart grid technologies, and green building materials, it is refreshingly apolitical – focused on facts, practical alternatives, and the requirements of scale. In some ways Bryce ends up with conclusions similar to those of Bill McKibben in his recent book ‘Eaarth’: we will not be able to turn the tide on atmospheric CO2 quickly enough, the scale is too large, the transition times are too long, the pressure for global development is too great. We will have no choice but to mitigate some problems and adapt to the rest. However, instead of advocating acceptance of a “graceful decline” as McKibben does, Bryce lays out an energetic path forward, a “no regrets” policy he dubs N2N: shifting electrical generation aggressively towards natural gas in the near term, while investing in advanced nuclear technologies for the long run. The strongest element of the book is how he effectively links the future economic health of the US with rising prospects for the rest of the world … and that will take massive quantities of carbon-free power, not only for economic development, but for mitigating unavoidable climate change impacts as well. ‘Power Hungry’ is a challenging and valuable read for everyone interested in green energy and an effective response to the climate crisis.

    Whole Earth Discipline: An Ecopragmatist Manifesto
    by Stewart Brand

    Brand, as ever, is a clear and forceful writer, fearlessly putting himself on the line with specific recommendations and a call to action. This is the Plan missing from Al Gore’s otherwise excellent textbook, ‘Our Choice: A Plan to Solve to Climate Crisis’ –harder-edged, more urgent, more tech-savvy, willing to name names, kick butt, and provoke a reaction. This is the place to start if you’re ready to move beyond the conventional green perspective and really get a grip on what responding to the climate challenge entails. Frightening and exhilarating at the same time!

    Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet
    by Bill McKibben

    I’m conflicted about this book, and McKibben’s style in general. First, this is a valuable contribution to the debate about how to think about climate change and appropriate goals for our planetary future. McKibben actually presents many good ideas (in the second half of the book), rooted in a realistic and compelling vision of how our world is changing and how we need to adapt. However, his writing style, especially when presenting bad news (the first half of the book) is just “one damn thing after another,” an endless listing of specifics without adequate context or meaningful analysis … he apparently does not understand that anecdotes are not evidence. While he makes his argument most energetically, and has lots of suggestive detail that appears to support it, in the cases with which I am directly familiar he is guilty of taking things out of context, then making gross simplifications and overreaching generalizations. And this is too bad, because, overall, I think he’s basically right, and that his suggestions for change are excellent. Probably the most important aspect of this book is simply his tough, clear-eyed situation assessment of the damage that’s already been done, the building momentum of environmental change, and the need to get on with a meaningful response. I worry, though, that by beating us over the head with a stream of bad news, and then framing his suggestions for a response in terms of achieving a “graceful decline”, too many people will be turned off and won’t hear the good ideas towards the end of the book. The grand project of changing our culture so that we can live in a durable and robust symbiosis with our environment on a global scale … that’s not a graceful decline, but a call to help create a new age as exciting as any that went before.

    Turning Oil Into Salt: Energy Independence Through Fuel Choice
    by Anne Korin, Gal Luft

    This slim volume is the clearest and most direct analysis I’ve yet seen of oil’s position as a strategic commodity, and the potential for open fuel standards to enable a market-based pathway to transportation fuel choice. Especially notable for its independent perspective … we hear so much about the need for ‘drop in’ petroleum equivalents and the ‘ethanol blend wall’, but not nearly enough about other approaches that might emulate the open interface model that has driven the phenomenal growth of the internet. Absolutely required reading for anyone interested in clean energy, the potential contribution of biofuels to achieving energy security, and the practical steps that we need to take to move down the path.

    Science as a Contact Sport: Inside the Battle to Save Earth’s Climate
    by Stephen H. Schneider, Tim Flannery

    If you care about the big picture of climate change that’s driving the urgency behind global environmental agreements and the commercialization of greentech, then Schneider’s ‘Science as a Contact Sport’ is must reading. The book achieves two objectives in an engaging and forceful manner. First it is a great introduction to the science of climate change, presented through Schneider’s personal experience as a key participant in its development. And second, it provides much-needed insight into how the issue has played out in the US legislature and the global media, again from an up-close and personal point of view. Democracy and government are both messy systems, but still are forums where the environmental and greentech communities must ultimately triumph, and Schneider’s personal experience should be of value to everyone engaged in the battle. Some elements of Schneider’s message echo Al Gore’s discussion in ‘The Assault on Reason,’ but are presented in a clearer, more direct, and better operationalized manner. Highly recommended!

    Why We Hate the Oil Companies: Straight Talk from an Energy Insider
    by John Hofmeister

    Hofmeister writes with refreshing directness and lack of pretense about two key ideas: the disconnect between “political time” and “energy time” that drives legislative dysfunction in energy and environmental planning; and his own proposal for an independent Federal Energy Resources Board to fix it. Most of the book is a walkthrough of the current US energy business and infrastructure … the “straight talk from an energy insider” part. He convincingly lays out an array of problems with the approaches advocated by just about everyone, from left-wing environmentalists, to right-wing “infotainers”, to the energy and utility power industry itself … with special scorn for the disastrous and long-running failure of our elected officials of all stripes to address our energy needs in a serious manner. The book provides a prescient and unnerving in-depth background to current newspaper reporting on the BP spill disaster in the Gulf (it went to press just before the explosion and blowout). Hofmeister is on less firm footing, however, when he switches to his proposal for an independent energy regulatory agency modeled on the Federal Reserve. While he surely gets an ‘A’ for boldness and for thinking outside the box, how this is supposed to work and how we are supposed to get there in advance of a national energy disaster akin to the Great Depression, are both left up to “grassroots pressure.” All I can say is that I hope his non-profit, Citizens for Affordable Energy.org, is successful at pushing his ideas onto the national stage, and helping to build a consensus focus on practical solutions. Highly recommended … wherever you stand on these complex issues, Hofmeister will push your buttons and make you think about what a real solution might look like.

    Bonn Voyage – Time to set sail to a new Climate Archipelago

    In my last set of observations (see Kill Bill V2 and the Cancun COP), I tried to make the case that the 20 year old UN system that manages intergovernmental climate affairs is increasingly archaic.  Rather than just complain and wander off muttering under my breath, these next blog blasts represent a few ideas might  enable the UNFCCC to enhance its  relevance, while not asking it to undertake tasks it is ill equipped and underpowered for.  And I think it’s clear that we need to shake some things up – somehow or another.

    As they say in real estate, location is everything.  The German government offered Bonn as the home for the UNFCCC Secretariat back in 1995 at the first Conference of Parties in Berlin.  Which, as an aside, was attended by all of 1000 people – fewer than 3% of those who attended Copenhagen last year.   Bonn was, of course, the capital of West Germany during the Cold War, but the reunified government had quickly committed to repatriating to its historic home of Berlin.  In a blink of an eye, Bonn moved from being the capital of the strongest economy in Europe to a city that probably doesn’t  even crack top ten in its own country.  Just for comparison sake, my list would be Berlin, Frankfurt, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Hamburg, Dusseldorf for certain – and Bremen, Dortmund, Essen, Hanover, Leipzig, Heidelberg, Aachen, Karlsruhe and the like jousting with Bonn for the last three slots.

    If the world community wants to send signal how important climate change is, housing this crucial function in Bonn is like sending a Lada with a broken exhaust to pick up the CEO at the airport after a 12 hour flight.  People get fired for doing things like that.  Staying with Bonn at this point just because it is there is a firable offense in my mind.  It shows we are not serious.

    This goes beyond just the perception – there are functional problems in the fact that Bonn’s is little more than an innocuous northern European city.   Talented people choose not to apply for UNFCCC jobs simply because they involve Bonn postings.  Every time a meeting in Bonn crops up, one invariably finds multiple Facebook posts groaning about having to go to Bonn.  For most hard core climate negotiation participants, the idea of yet another stay at the Maritim hotel brings on thoughts of ritual seppuku.  OK, that’s a bit strong, but suffice to say few people get a perk in their step when receiving notice of yet another need to come to Bonn

    The results are exceedingly problematic.  In the most interconnected issue the world has ever faced, our lead agency on the issue is inherently isolated and insular – largely due to the tyranny of geography and a choice made at a very different time.  Profound developments are occurring in low carbon technology, finance, business models and policy.  Yet the globetrotting class that is moving heaven and earth to develop these tools has utterly no reason to ever just schedule a side meeting and have a cup of coffee with the Secretariat to mutually learn.  One must always justify  a dedicated trip see the UNFCCC secretariat in its home environs  – a fundamentally irrational situation.  Because in the climate and cleantech space, there is utterly no other reason to ever go  to Bonn.  The result is a dysfunctional entente, in which the outside world and the UNFCCC have substantial mutual incomprehension of eachothers capabilities and roles.

    While Bonn is undoubtedly the wrong place, that certain does not mean that there is a single right place.  The scope of the climate issue and mission has grown enormously over the past fifteen years and ideas are flowing from all corners of the globe.  Perhaps we need to rethink the UNFCCC Secretariat as a global archipelago of issue focused units.  One can imagine a half dozen plus of regional bases, bristling with high end video conferencing and other telecommunications.  Grab the the conceptual framework  of Richard Branson’s Carbon War Room (think about the situation room in 24) and ask Apple, Cisco, Google, IBM and SAP outfit the archipelago with every bit of relevant technology and database IP to make them an example of a truly global best working practice.

    Current meetings that Bonn hosts could become partially virtual (with small groups of participants convening at the local regional hub).  We’d even probably save some greenhouse gases, though we might have the problem of Lufthansa demanding compensation for lost revenue.

    What might this archipelago look like?  We’d probably want to look for cities that are already in the midst of key green transformations and have certain green reputation.  Purely off the top of the head, one might think Masdar City (sustainable cities), the San Francisco Presidio (R&D) Rio de Janeiro (biofuels)  San Jose, Costa Rica (development issues), Melbourne (clean coal), Shanghai (transportation)  and probably still Bonn (coordination and governance).   The real fight would, of course,  be for the finance seat.

    Of course there will be overlap and turf battles – that happens in any dynamic work area.  But frankly, the UNFCCC could use a bit of dynamism and I’d rather have units stepping a bit on eachother’s toes for ideas and people, rather than abetting the idea that fighting climate is about setting up the right comprehensive bureaucracy.    Make it an exciting place to be – not another UN agency backwater.

    To the good people and civic leaders of Bonn, I ask your forgiveness for my blunt words and I truly mean no disrespect.  Like many of my colleagues, I have walked your pleasant streets many times and had my fair share of your delicious fresh beer and streetside currywurst.  You are a good place and I believe you should continue to be a spoke in the climate world.  But it’s time to step up, be big and let the rest of the world share the burden – and the opportunity – that managing global climate change represents.  From Bonn, we must sail forward.

    OPIC To Mobilize $1 Billion To Assist Developing Nations in Combating Climate Change

    Agency to open a call for proposals from private equity fund managers; announcement made at UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun

    CANCUN, Mexico – Elizabeth Littlefield, President and CEO of the U.S. Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), announced today that OPIC will provide at least $300 million in financing for new private equity investment funds that could ultimately invest more than $1 billion in renewable resources projects in emerging markets. The announcement was made at the United Nations Climate Change Conference.

    OPIC’s mobilization of these funds represents one of the largest initiatives by the U.S. Government to support the international effort to mitigate climate change.

    “When President Obama and global leaders negotiated the Copenhagen Accord in December 2009, they included a financial commitment to help developing countries reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change. OPIC-supported investment funds represent an important and innovative step toward the realization of that goal,” Ms. Littlefield said.

    OPIC will issue a “Global Renewable Resources Call for Proposals” for private fund managers investing in a wide variety of businesses promoting renewable energy and the sustainable utilization of natural resources such as energy, water, and land.

    Specifically, the funds will accelerate investment in renewable energy, including solar, wind, hydro, tidal, geothermal power as well as waste and biomass. Investments in agriculture, land, and water may include efficient irrigation, cold storage, transportation, water treatment, sustainable forestry, natural resource preservation, and forest rehabilitation. OPIC will also place particular emphasis on the efficient utilization of natural resources via investments in energy efficiency products, systems and equipment, emissions control, and waste management.

    The call for proposals will open for submissions on December 15, and remain open until mid-February. Information about the call may be obtained on the OPIC website, www.opic.gov, on December 15.

    Kill Bill Volume 2 and the Cancun COP

    Quentin Tarantino’s Kill Bill, Volume 2 is one of my favorite movies.   It penultimate scene – a final confrontation of vengeance  from the wronged Beatrice Kiddo (aka, The Bride, aka, Black Mamba, aka Uma Thurman) and the evil, yet oddly amiable and ambiguous, title character (aka, the great David Carradine) is perhaps the finest in the film.  For those of you unfamiliar, shame on you.  In a nutshell, at the outset of a fight that will certainly require a major furniture allowance, the Bride suddenly executes the most exquisite sequence of strikes on the all of Kung Fu – the Five Point Palm Exploding Heart maneuver.  Bill – to his utmost surprise – finds his greatest disciple has surpassed him (their thousand year old kung fu master played by Hong Kong action master, Gordon Liu, had not deigned to pass this knowledge to him) and bows to her grace and superiority.

    Why am I, sitting here on the beaches of Cancun, reminiscing about Tarantino’s oevre?  Well, it’s because of the way the Five Point Palm actually operates, explained via foreshadow earlier one by Bill himself.  It is not instant death – far from it.  The victim feels perfectly normal – except in his fifth step after the strike, his heart explodes and he drops dead.  It creates – literally – a perfect example of the walking dead.  Which is what brings us to the Cancun COP – climate’s first full gathering after the Copenhagen Five Point Palm Exploding Heart debacle.

    Cancun is Bill getting up from the couch and taking that first proud step to his inevitable demise.  Everything here looks normal, feels normal – the mass ant colony of climate has done is annual migration to another odd corner of the world and set up shop. It’s lower energy than Copenhagen, Bali, the Hague or Kyoto, but that’s to be expected – off year COPs always go through these cycles

    But make no mistake, COP/MOP process in its original form is most certainly the walking dead.  The fundamental political dynamics around past and future carbon responsibility in a world transitioning to new global multipolar balance (a dizzy prospect in its own right) have not been remotely resolved.  The chasm we saw in Copenhagen is not close to being bridged and there appears no way it ever will be bridged in this particular UN process.

    To quickly review the dynamics of this particular Mexican standoff, developing countries continue to insist on an extension of Kyoto emission caps on industrial countries as the fundamental policy to engage mitigation.  Simultaneously, more and more industrial countries refuse to continue down that path.  While there are many other issues – macro and micro – this alone is a pretty binary choice and neither side is ever remotely likely to move.  Since the UN process is intrinsically based on 100% consensus, well – it ain’t gonna happen folks.  This  is my ninth COP/MOP total, my fifth in a row and these tensions are not getting better, they are getting worse.

    Therefore – for all intents and purposes – the CMP process dead in its current configuration and the question is how many steps we will take before we too collapse in a heap.  For the record, cinema buffs debate  whether Bill died on his fifth or sixth step off the couch.  If each COP were a step, Tarantino’s model means we have another five years to go before we final collapse. Somewhat sickeningly, that feels about right.  Unlike David Carradine – who had total awareness of his fate – my guess is that substantial parts of the COP ant colony continue to delude themselves that this process represents the only relevant forum for climate management.

    The COP process has become is own raison de etre and its existence seems increasingly  isolated  from the real innovation that countries, companies and other aggregations are attempting to address small fragments of the problem.  Basically, what goes on for two weeks inside these halls of official dialogue is a shadow game with little relevance to actual decision making around carbon policy, innovation and investment in the world that 6.5 billion people inhabit.  And vice versa.  And when when institutions exist simply for the reason that they exist under their own life force, a serious rethink is in order.

    If we solely focus another half decade to supporting this particular paradigm, we may indeed be accused by our grandchildren of fiddling while Rome (and many other places) burned.  The efforts that thousands of negotiators and tens of thousands of other participants undertake to address the climate challenge through the COP process are undoubtedly real and important.  They are, however, driving toward an inevitable dead end.

    The UN process as a intermediary of economic and environmental value between countries no longer holders up to scrutiny.  Being honest, we must recognize that the UN and CMP texts of the last decade do represent some agreement to abrogate  sovereignty – and for countries who are finding their way in a new global political  dynamic, this is likely a bridge too far.   Given the other forces at work, that simply is not a realistic assumption to make during such a fundamental power transition such as we find ourselves

    This is not to say the UN does not have a role going forward – far from it.  My very good friend Christiana Figueres is now the ringmaster of the circus and if there is a human being on the planet who can recast the intergovernmental role positively for  our species and our fellow  earthlings, she’s the one I’d put my money on.  In my next installment in the next couple days, I’ll lay out some ideas for reinvigorating this UN processes relevance, making it so real climate mitigation work and UN support can walk hand in hand, as opposed to in parallel paths around the climate policy maze.

    California’s Cleantech War – Prop 23

    According to pick your favorite cleantech and carbon media outlet, California is at war. 

    AB 32 is California’s carbon cap and trade law.   The law is most the way ready to implement, with the rulemaking in process now.  It’s aimed squarely at two goals, one, reduce California’s greenhouse gas emissions, and two, since such a reduction is largely symbolic without the rest of the world participating as well (CO2 is the only environmental pollutant that really doesn’t care where in the world it goes in or comes out, so is a truly global pollutant requiring a global response) continue California’s trend of environmental policy leadership, and be the beacon on the hill.

    As it currently stands, AB 32 rules (as with most of these things the devil’s in the details, and the 2008 law takes a long time to work out the details) are supposed to be ready to go at the end of this year, and implemented in 2012.

    Proposition 23 is an initiative on the ballot designed to indefinitely delay implementation of AB 32.  And for the record, if you don’t click that link at least read the Legislative Analyst’s analysis, I suggest you skip the vote.

    The actual impact according to the California voter information guide would be to suspend part of the measures in the Scoping Plan (California’s overall GHG Plan), targeting about half of the emissions in the Scoping Plan:

    “Various Climate Change Regulatory Activities Would Be Suspended. This proposition would result in the suspension of a number of measures in the Scoping Plan for which regulations either have been adopted or are proposed for adoption. Specifically, this proposition would likely suspend:

    • The proposed cap–and–trade regulation discussed above.
    • The “low carbon fuel standard” regulation that requires providers of transportation fuel in California (such as refiners and importers) to change the mix of fuels to lower GHG emissions.
    • The proposed ARB regulation that is intended to require privately and publicly owned utilities and others who sell electricity to obtain at least 33 percent of their supply from “renewable” sources, such as solar or wind power, by 2020. (The current requirement that 20 percent of the electricity obtained by privately owned utilities come from renewable sources by 2010 would not be suspended by this proposition.)
    • The fee to recover state agency costs of administering AB 32.

    Much Regulation in the Scoping Plan Would Likely Continue. Many current activities related to addressing climate change and reducing GHG emissions would probably not be suspended by this proposition. That is because certain Scoping Plan regulations implement laws other than AB 32. The regulations that would likely move forward, for example, include:

    • New vehicle emission standards for cars and smaller trucks.
    • A program to encourage homeowners to install solar panels on their roofs.
    • Land–use policies to promote less reliance on vehicle use.
    • Building and appliance energy efficiency requirements.”

    Because it is expected to scrap CARB’s proposed expansion of the California RPS to 33% of power from renewable sources up from the current goals of 20% (we’re not there yet), and the removal of the planned Low Carbon Fuel Standard, the entire cleantech sector is up in arms. 

    Contrary to popular opinion, a Yes on Prop 23 probably won’t gut the cleantech sector – since cleantech is global and California’s cleantech companies are driven by programs well beyond its borders, since all the major programs Prop 23 affects haven’t actually been enacted yet and several key programs would be untouched (as well that the LCFS probably gets served by things other than cleantech biofuels anyway at least in the first years).  But it would cut into the future growth of renewables in the state a few years down the road, esp wind and large scale solar.

    What it would definitely do is kill the nascent push in the US towards real cap and trade just a month ahead of the next round of international climate change negotiations in Cancun.  Quite frankly if California can’t deliver on its own cap and trade law, who else can?

    And it would send a signal to the world that California voters are not quite as ready to be the beacon on the hill for environmental issues as they once were.

    Will it hurt the economy and kill jobs if we don’t pass it and AB 32 continues?  Unfortunately it depends, with the pain more certain and likely nearer term, and the huge economic benefits more uncertain and likely longer term – though quite substantial in possibilities.  Yes, in the short term and medium term LCFS and 33% RPS and cap and trade will push up power prices and fuel prices in California, hurting consumers, and pushing some production out of the state (if other states and countries don’t continue to match the increased regulation).  That’s why it’s called alternative energy – it’s still more expensive.  But yes, it will probably simultaneously catalyze more venture capital investment (VC services is a big export for us), carbon markets investment (I know about two dozen companies that moved into California specifically because of AB 32 and its first mover advantage in US cap and trade and I helped bring 2 of them in myself), and certainly add some manufacturing and construction jobs in the cleantech sector. 

    Net net, higher energy and manufacturing costs in California and an effective renewable and carbon quota mean economic losses in comparative advantage and to consumers in California.  But how much depends on exactly how good a job it does of catalyzing jobs in California for export or replacing business that we currently import to offset that.  And it is very, very hard to underestimate how good California’s environmental leadership has been at catalyzing US and global change.  Meaning the that comparative advantage loss may be short-lived (higher power prices from more low carbon renewables don’t cost California many jobs if its competitors adopt effective carbon prices as well), and if a new export industry and venture capital emerges to be a world leader (which basically pulls dollars from all around the world into Silicon Valley) it means more new California jobs gained than those lost from the comparative advantage shift, then all is good.

    Unfortunately, some of that depends on how well CARB actually designs the final rules, and my big fear for California on AB 32 stems from how badly the state screwed up its last major energy deal – power deregulation.  Keep in mind Texas got that one right, and California’s was a fiasco (then as now blamed on the Texans – but I can buy 100% wind power for 11.4 cents a Kwh flat rate in Texas).

    So, vote yes, and kill AB 32, and carbon leadership, and ding the rest of the cleantech sector, and you’ll probably never feel the impact in you pocket book (or realize it if you do).  But if you vote yes, you lose all moral right to claim cleantech and environmental leadership for the state.

    Or vote no, and keep the state headed in the direction its going – leadership in renewables and carbon, and signal to the world that you care.  More than that, you tell yourself you believe that policy enabled innovation can change your fortune for the better, and outweigh the investment.  That’s technology and venture capital, and that’s what California does best. 

    But please, vote for what *you* believe – not because the cleantech sector is screaming that you’re taking away their subsidy or because a couple of independent Texas oil companies are funding the no vote (they are, but to be fair, they provide a lot jobs and taxes to the state, California has not exactly gone out of its way play fair for them in the implementation of AB 32).  And don’t vote one way or the other just because you think it create or kill jobs – because which way the net outcome sways lies on our shoulders, too, from policy makers and CARB staff to the energy industry to the California consumer and business who will pay the final price and reap the final reward either way. 

    Neal Dikeman is a founding partner at cleantech merchant bank Jane Capital, has help found or has interests in businesses in carbon (as founding CEO of Carbonflow), solar, superconductors, and green products, and personally stands to lose a lot of money if Proposition 23 passes and AB 32 goes down.

    Jeremy Grantham on Climate Change

    Richard T. Stuebi

    Jeremy Grantham is one of the world’s most successful investors, over a very long period of time. He founded Grantham Mayo Van Otterloo in 1977, which now manages $100 billion of capital for sophisticated investors from around the globe. He tends to take positions for his clients that anticipate the formation of bubbles and defend against their collapse. His quarterly newsletters are extremely well-written: thoughtful and deeply researched. In short, he’s someone who’s thoughts matter, and the thoughts of his readers also matter.

    So it’s with extreme interest to me that Grantham devotes pages 7 and 8 of his most recent quarterly newsletter to the issue of climate change. It’s well worth reading. He breaks down the topic in a way reflecting the mind of a long-term strategist who is smart enough to understand risk-reward tradeoffs in a world of imperfect information. And, of someone who is deeply concerned about the environment — as reflected by his founding of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics.

    His closing paragraph is both stunning in its sweep and unsettling to those of us in the cleantech capital markets: “Global warming will be the most important investment issue for the foreseeable future. But how to make money around this issue in the next few years is not yet clear to me. In a fast-moving field rife with treacherous politics, there will be many failures. Marketing a ‘climate’ fund would be much easier than outperforming with it.”

    Richard T. Stuebi is a founding principal of NorTech Energy Enterprise, the advanced energy initiative at NorTech, where he is on loan from The Cleveland Foundation as its Fellow of Energy and Environmental Advancement. He is also a Managing Director in charge of cleantech investment activities at Early Stage Partners, a Cleveland-based venture capital firm.

    Nuclear Energy: Threat or Opportunity?

    by Richard T. Stuebi

    Several months ago, I was asked by the Chagrin Foundation for Arts & Culture, in my lovely home town of Chagrin Falls OH, to speak on the topic of nuclear energy at their Chautauqua-at-Chagrin lecture series this summer.

    I agreed, and proposed the title of my talk “Nuclear Energy: Threat or Opportunity?” I thought that it would be kinda catchy, and that I could figure out something interesting to say under that heading.

    Well, the talk is tomorrow (Tuesday July 20 at 6 pm ET), so this past weekend, I forced myself to organize my thoughts on what to say. It was more challenging than I had anticipated.

    This is because the title of my talk actually turned out to be truly apt: nuclear energy is both a threat and opportunity. There are huge advantages and substantial risks associated with nuclear energy. It’s easy to see one side of the coin or the other, but it’s hard to see and accept both sides of the coin at the same time.

    Among the points I intend to make in my lecture:

    There is no easy, cheap, one-size-fits-all answer for powering our economy in a way that provides the standards of living we’re accustomed to, at the costs we’re accustomed to paying, in avoiding the bad future to which continued status quo will drive us. Nuclear energy can be a major part of the total solution, but only if we’re willing to accept the costs and risks.

    Many people tend to think that nuclear powerplants are inherently dangerous, thinking of Chernobyl. Chernobyl was truly an aberration – all safety systems were intentionally disabled and the plant was pushed to limits as an experiment. (Hey, that’s a really good idea!) Three Mile Island was a more plausible worst-case scenario — and its environmental impact of was/is small relative to the long-term impact of coal mining or burning, or petroleum extraction or refining. The BP Gulf oil spill is far worse of an ecological catastrophe than Three Mile Island, but no-one’s talking about banning oil. Instead of environmental risks, the real risks of nuclear energy are about fuel security and fuel disposal.

    The U.S. taxpayer has long heavily subsidized, and continues to subsidize, nuclear energy. With maybe a hundred billion dollars of cumulative R&D funding over the decades, plus substantial tax credits and loan guarantees, the U.S. government has been and remains the biggest benefactor of the nuclear industry. Private industry sure isn’t: there hasn’t been an order for a new nuclear reactor in over 30 years. When opponents discredit renewable energy due to subsidies (which they admittedly do receive), it’s pretty hypocritical: nuclear (and fossil) energy has gotten and still gets far more subsidy dollars than renewable energy has and does.

    If we shut down all the nuclear powerplants in operation today, the risk associated with spent fuels would still exist, and emissions would likely go up – at least unless/until enormous amounts of new wind/solar installation were to backfill nuclear retirements. For the time being, the economics of new wind and solar energy (indeed, any new powerplants) are considerably higher than the costs of running existing nuclear plants, so electricity prices would go up if nuclear were to go away. So, shutting down operating nuclear plants doesn’t seem like a promising strategy from either an economic or environmental perspective.

    The costs of new nuclear are completely unknown. There hasn’t been a new nuke completed in the U.S. since the 1980’s, and no new orders since the late 1970’s. New designs are on the drawing board, but none have been implemented. Including earning a fair return on investment in new plants, costs could be as low as 8 cents/kwh or as high as 15 cents/kwh. The range is so wide because it could take 5 years or 15 years to complete a new plant – based upon uncertainties about licensing, approval and permitting processes. The cost of new nuclear is generally more than new wind, and while less than new solar today, the costs of new solar should become competitive with technological advancements in the coming years. So, it would seem that this argues for massive wind and solar installation, rather than new nuclear (or new fossil powerplants).

    But, it’s not so easy. Wind and solar are not “round-the-clock” – at least unless/until there’s cost-effective energy storage for the power grid (don’t hold your breath). And other options aren’t so appealing either.

    New gas-fired powerplants have fairly low emissions and can be approved/built quickly, but price/supply of natural gas is uncertain and highly volatile. New coal powerplants would be an even riskier bet.

    Using conventional technology and ignoring greenhouse gas emissions, the cost of energy from new coal powerplants is probably on the order of 6-8 cents/kwh. However, if the U.S. ever becomes serious about dealing with climate change via a carbon policy, then the economics of coal power will deteriorate significantly — either to capture carbon (largely untested and expensive technology) or to pay for the costs of emissions. In a carbon-constrained world, it’s easy to project the costs of new coal power at > 10 cents/kwh. So, if we don’t care about climate change, coal is likely to be the dominant answer, and few new nukes will be built in the U.S.

    On the other hand, if climate change matters, then there’s a potential role for new nuclear in the U.S. This role is amplified if we want to deal seriously with the other energy imperative we face: eliminating our reliance on petroleum for transportation. Clearly, we won’t see nuclear powered vehicles. But, with improvements in battery technologies, we can (and likely will) see more electrification of transportation – through plug-in hybrids and even pure-electric vehicles. If/as that happens, we’ll need much more power generation capability — especially if a lot of old coal plants are retired in response to climate legislation. But, where will that new power come from? If we want it to be from zero-carbon sources, and if we’ve already installed as much wind/solar as we plausibly can (assuming no effective grid storage technology), nuclear will be a very interesting option.

    Summarizing, the more we try to deal with climate change and oil dependence, the more appealing nuclear becomes. Environmentalists are torn: many oppose nuclear on philosophical grounds based on their perceived risks, while other thought-leaders (e.g., James Lovelock) are nuclear proponents based on the practical realities. Which risks are more pressing: climate change and energy insecurity, or radioactive wastes and weapons materials for terrorists? Those are the tradeoffs upon which tilts the balance for nuclear energy. Americans don’t seem to like that answer: they want no risk and low cost, and whine when they don’t/can’t get it.

    On balance, I think the risks associated with climate and oil outweigh the nuclear waste and weapons risks. Accordingly, I tend to think that nuclear needs to be a bigger part of the energy toolkit of the future – at least until ocean-based power generation and/or grid-scale energy storage become economically viable. If nuclear is not to be part of the energy solution of the future, then there will be other costs/risks to bear — some of which could be very dramatic.

    If we get it badly wrong, either way, the future of life on this planet may be seriously jeopardized.

    Richard T. Stuebi is a founding principal of NorTech Energy Enterprise, the advanced energy initiative at NorTech, where he is on loan from The Cleveland Foundation as its Fellow of Energy and Environmental Advancement. He is also a Managing Director in charge of cleantech investment activities at Early Stage Partners, a Cleveland-based venture capital firm.

    What’s the state of climate change policy these days?

    To those you who missed it, below is the link to a web panel on the state of climate change policies and developments that I participated in for Brightalk today.

    The panelists:

    – Emilie Mazzacurati, Manager, Carbon Market Research North America, Point Carbon
    – Chris Busch, Policy Director, Center for Resource Solutions
    – Nicholas Bianco, Senior Associate, World Resources Institute
    – Neal Dikeman, Jane Capital Partners

    Enjoy and post any thoughts in the comments section back on this blog for the rest of us to read.

    http://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/20657

    An Open Letter to Ban Ki Moon on Climate Change

    An open letter to Ban Ki Moon in support of an extraordinary friend

    Dear Mr. Secretary General,

    I am sure that in your position, the volume of unsolicited outreach you receive must be truly breathtaking. I will not add to your never ending inbox, but rather will simply post this note on a friendly blog, with the hope that some of the messages within find their way to you via the osmosis of modern communication.

    The climate crisis is no longer confined to the geophysical state of our planet – it has now metastasized into an even more virulent form of crisis involving our collective political and sociological ability to manage this complex issue. The UN has done tremendous work in defining the climate issue for more than 20 years and the accomplishments it has achieved are inspiring. However, there is little doubt that the Copenhagen conference broadly underperformed against the needs we face today.

    Copenhagen’s underperformance is having an insidious effect on perceptions of UN effectiveness among even many supporters. It is increasingly considered conventional wisdom that the UNFCCC’s day has passed – that the climate issue must now center on a series of bilateral or regional negotiations and perhaps be centered in more focused organizations like the WTO.

    I, for one, do not believe those arguments. I began my accidental career in climate finance in 1993. I was fortunate enough to bear witness to the euphoria of Kyoto, the despair of the Hague and the last second save of Bali. And, of course, Copenhagen – where the sheer enormity and heterogeneity of the issue finally truly stared one and all in the face. Yes, humanity collectively blinked and deferred.

    But throughout, the UN process that has tried to manage and coordinate the world’s response has been honorable, dedicated,. You specifically should be commended for making climate the pre-eminent issue of your tenure as the Secretary General. And, it must be recognized that what the UN has been able to accomplish is strictly reflective of the mandates it has been handed by the community of nations. Those mandates have often been halting or ambiguous. However, let us also recognize it’s a two way street – the strength of those mandates is also partially reflective of and the confidence that nations have in the UN, its processes, its leaders and its managers in being a key player at the table in the climate issue.
    In this light, you have a major decision to make – one that will set the tone for the crucial coming decade of the climate crisis. You have to hire somebody. As you know, Yvo de Boer announced his resignation from the UNFCCC Secretariat earlier this year. And, as might be expected, there is an emerging horse race among several candidates and I am sure all would serve the post honorably and with energy and enthusiasm.
    But to be very frank, at this moment in time, we don’t need adequate, we need extraordinary. We need charisma, we need inspirational leadership. We need somebody who can think outside of the box, – but also somebody with a deep experience of the inner workings of the climate negotiating and regulatory process . And there is only one candidate, in my estimation, who remotely meets that elevated criteria – my good friend, Christiana Figueres of Costa Rica.
    Yes, indeed, she is my friend – we have known each other for more than ten years as I built a business around emissions mitigation and she built a formidable reputation as a thinker, advisor, negotiator and regulator across the climate space. Even on paper, I cannot see how any other candidate can match her personal experience in all aspects of the climate conundrum – government, civil society, regulator, private sector, negotiator.
    But it is off the sheet of paper where Christiana truly shines – she inspires all who meet her through her intelligence, her humanity, her strength. Most of all, she has a great senses of humor and perspective – which one could argue might be the most important job description components of all, in this hour of need.
    To achieve transition to a global, low carbon trajectory, people and governments will need to go the extra mile. With all due respect to the accomplished and dedicated individuals who have run the UNFCCC since its inception, vision, inspiration and leadership rarely seemed part of their portfolio. If it’s really a war on climate, more than anything we need a general who will inspire the troops to do the extraordinary. Those of us who have been in the trenches on this issue for a decade or more are tired and dispirited – in our minds, we have moved mountains, but we step back and it looks more like molehills. I have never seen the climate community as downtrodden as in these few months since Copenhagen. And – again to be honest – you need us fired up and moving mountains.
    To the contrary stands the promise of Christiana Figueres – a rallying general from a country without an army (and a country that aspires to full carbon neutrality by 2020). All you need to do is go the the Facebook group that supporters of hers created and that has grown up very quickly over the last few days and scroll through the wealth of testimonials that Christiana has inspired throughout a huge cross section of the climate and development community. Thousands of people from all walks of the climate world know in their hearts that she is the one who can make a difference at this crucial moment. And their voices are raising to be heard by you.
    There is only one choice that can deliver that promise. Please make the right one and appoint Christiana Figueres as the next Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC
    Marc Stuart was the founder of EcoSecurities, where he worked for 13 years prior to its integration into JP Morgan in early 2010. He is currently engaged in early stage private equity in the carbon and alternative energy space.