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Bonn Voyage – Time to set sail to a new Climate Archipelago

In my last set of observations (see Kill Bill V2 and the Cancun COP), I tried to make the case that the 20 year old UN system that manages intergovernmental climate affairs is increasingly archaic.  Rather than just complain and wander off muttering under my breath, these next blog blasts represent a few ideas might  enable the UNFCCC to enhance its  relevance, while not asking it to undertake tasks it is ill equipped and underpowered for.  And I think it’s clear that we need to shake some things up – somehow or another.

As they say in real estate, location is everything.  The German government offered Bonn as the home for the UNFCCC Secretariat back in 1995 at the first Conference of Parties in Berlin.  Which, as an aside, was attended by all of 1000 people – fewer than 3% of those who attended Copenhagen last year.   Bonn was, of course, the capital of West Germany during the Cold War, but the reunified government had quickly committed to repatriating to its historic home of Berlin.  In a blink of an eye, Bonn moved from being the capital of the strongest economy in Europe to a city that probably doesn’t  even crack top ten in its own country.  Just for comparison sake, my list would be Berlin, Frankfurt, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Hamburg, Dusseldorf for certain – and Bremen, Dortmund, Essen, Hanover, Leipzig, Heidelberg, Aachen, Karlsruhe and the like jousting with Bonn for the last three slots.

If the world community wants to send signal how important climate change is, housing this crucial function in Bonn is like sending a Lada with a broken exhaust to pick up the CEO at the airport after a 12 hour flight.  People get fired for doing things like that.  Staying with Bonn at this point just because it is there is a firable offense in my mind.  It shows we are not serious.

This goes beyond just the perception – there are functional problems in the fact that Bonn’s is little more than an innocuous northern European city.   Talented people choose not to apply for UNFCCC jobs simply because they involve Bonn postings.  Every time a meeting in Bonn crops up, one invariably finds multiple Facebook posts groaning about having to go to Bonn.  For most hard core climate negotiation participants, the idea of yet another stay at the Maritim hotel brings on thoughts of ritual seppuku.  OK, that’s a bit strong, but suffice to say few people get a perk in their step when receiving notice of yet another need to come to Bonn

The results are exceedingly problematic.  In the most interconnected issue the world has ever faced, our lead agency on the issue is inherently isolated and insular – largely due to the tyranny of geography and a choice made at a very different time.  Profound developments are occurring in low carbon technology, finance, business models and policy.  Yet the globetrotting class that is moving heaven and earth to develop these tools has utterly no reason to ever just schedule a side meeting and have a cup of coffee with the Secretariat to mutually learn.  One must always justify  a dedicated trip see the UNFCCC secretariat in its home environs  – a fundamentally irrational situation.  Because in the climate and cleantech space, there is utterly no other reason to ever go  to Bonn.  The result is a dysfunctional entente, in which the outside world and the UNFCCC have substantial mutual incomprehension of eachothers capabilities and roles.

While Bonn is undoubtedly the wrong place, that certain does not mean that there is a single right place.  The scope of the climate issue and mission has grown enormously over the past fifteen years and ideas are flowing from all corners of the globe.  Perhaps we need to rethink the UNFCCC Secretariat as a global archipelago of issue focused units.  One can imagine a half dozen plus of regional bases, bristling with high end video conferencing and other telecommunications.  Grab the the conceptual framework  of Richard Branson’s Carbon War Room (think about the situation room in 24) and ask Apple, Cisco, Google, IBM and SAP outfit the archipelago with every bit of relevant technology and database IP to make them an example of a truly global best working practice.

Current meetings that Bonn hosts could become partially virtual (with small groups of participants convening at the local regional hub).  We’d even probably save some greenhouse gases, though we might have the problem of Lufthansa demanding compensation for lost revenue.

What might this archipelago look like?  We’d probably want to look for cities that are already in the midst of key green transformations and have certain green reputation.  Purely off the top of the head, one might think Masdar City (sustainable cities), the San Francisco Presidio (R&D) Rio de Janeiro (biofuels)  San Jose, Costa Rica (development issues), Melbourne (clean coal), Shanghai (transportation)  and probably still Bonn (coordination and governance).   The real fight would, of course,  be for the finance seat.

Of course there will be overlap and turf battles – that happens in any dynamic work area.  But frankly, the UNFCCC could use a bit of dynamism and I’d rather have units stepping a bit on eachother’s toes for ideas and people, rather than abetting the idea that fighting climate is about setting up the right comprehensive bureaucracy.    Make it an exciting place to be – not another UN agency backwater.

To the good people and civic leaders of Bonn, I ask your forgiveness for my blunt words and I truly mean no disrespect.  Like many of my colleagues, I have walked your pleasant streets many times and had my fair share of your delicious fresh beer and streetside currywurst.  You are a good place and I believe you should continue to be a spoke in the climate world.  But it’s time to step up, be big and let the rest of the world share the burden – and the opportunity – that managing global climate change represents.  From Bonn, we must sail forward.

An Open Letter to Ban Ki Moon on Climate Change

An open letter to Ban Ki Moon in support of an extraordinary friend

Dear Mr. Secretary General,

I am sure that in your position, the volume of unsolicited outreach you receive must be truly breathtaking. I will not add to your never ending inbox, but rather will simply post this note on a friendly blog, with the hope that some of the messages within find their way to you via the osmosis of modern communication.

The climate crisis is no longer confined to the geophysical state of our planet – it has now metastasized into an even more virulent form of crisis involving our collective political and sociological ability to manage this complex issue. The UN has done tremendous work in defining the climate issue for more than 20 years and the accomplishments it has achieved are inspiring. However, there is little doubt that the Copenhagen conference broadly underperformed against the needs we face today.

Copenhagen’s underperformance is having an insidious effect on perceptions of UN effectiveness among even many supporters. It is increasingly considered conventional wisdom that the UNFCCC’s day has passed – that the climate issue must now center on a series of bilateral or regional negotiations and perhaps be centered in more focused organizations like the WTO.

I, for one, do not believe those arguments. I began my accidental career in climate finance in 1993. I was fortunate enough to bear witness to the euphoria of Kyoto, the despair of the Hague and the last second save of Bali. And, of course, Copenhagen – where the sheer enormity and heterogeneity of the issue finally truly stared one and all in the face. Yes, humanity collectively blinked and deferred.

But throughout, the UN process that has tried to manage and coordinate the world’s response has been honorable, dedicated,. You specifically should be commended for making climate the pre-eminent issue of your tenure as the Secretary General. And, it must be recognized that what the UN has been able to accomplish is strictly reflective of the mandates it has been handed by the community of nations. Those mandates have often been halting or ambiguous. However, let us also recognize it’s a two way street – the strength of those mandates is also partially reflective of and the confidence that nations have in the UN, its processes, its leaders and its managers in being a key player at the table in the climate issue.
In this light, you have a major decision to make – one that will set the tone for the crucial coming decade of the climate crisis. You have to hire somebody. As you know, Yvo de Boer announced his resignation from the UNFCCC Secretariat earlier this year. And, as might be expected, there is an emerging horse race among several candidates and I am sure all would serve the post honorably and with energy and enthusiasm.
But to be very frank, at this moment in time, we don’t need adequate, we need extraordinary. We need charisma, we need inspirational leadership. We need somebody who can think outside of the box, – but also somebody with a deep experience of the inner workings of the climate negotiating and regulatory process . And there is only one candidate, in my estimation, who remotely meets that elevated criteria – my good friend, Christiana Figueres of Costa Rica.
Yes, indeed, she is my friend – we have known each other for more than ten years as I built a business around emissions mitigation and she built a formidable reputation as a thinker, advisor, negotiator and regulator across the climate space. Even on paper, I cannot see how any other candidate can match her personal experience in all aspects of the climate conundrum – government, civil society, regulator, private sector, negotiator.
But it is off the sheet of paper where Christiana truly shines – she inspires all who meet her through her intelligence, her humanity, her strength. Most of all, she has a great senses of humor and perspective – which one could argue might be the most important job description components of all, in this hour of need.
To achieve transition to a global, low carbon trajectory, people and governments will need to go the extra mile. With all due respect to the accomplished and dedicated individuals who have run the UNFCCC since its inception, vision, inspiration and leadership rarely seemed part of their portfolio. If it’s really a war on climate, more than anything we need a general who will inspire the troops to do the extraordinary. Those of us who have been in the trenches on this issue for a decade or more are tired and dispirited – in our minds, we have moved mountains, but we step back and it looks more like molehills. I have never seen the climate community as downtrodden as in these few months since Copenhagen. And – again to be honest – you need us fired up and moving mountains.
To the contrary stands the promise of Christiana Figueres – a rallying general from a country without an army (and a country that aspires to full carbon neutrality by 2020). All you need to do is go the the Facebook group that supporters of hers created and that has grown up very quickly over the last few days and scroll through the wealth of testimonials that Christiana has inspired throughout a huge cross section of the climate and development community. Thousands of people from all walks of the climate world know in their hearts that she is the one who can make a difference at this crucial moment. And their voices are raising to be heard by you.
There is only one choice that can deliver that promise. Please make the right one and appoint Christiana Figueres as the next Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC
Marc Stuart was the founder of EcoSecurities, where he worked for 13 years prior to its integration into JP Morgan in early 2010. He is currently engaged in early stage private equity in the carbon and alternative energy space.